personality factors and stress

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Hardiness training
The aim of hardiness training is to increase self-confidence and sense of control so that individuals can more successfully navigate change in their lives.
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Kobasa (1979)
identified a personality type that was resistant to stress and called this the hardy personality. She argued that everyone could be taught how to cope with stress and become more ‘hardy’, if some individuals were naturally resistant to stress.
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Ways to propose hardiness training - 1
Focusing: The individual is taught how to recognise the physiological signs of stress including muscle tension and increase in heart rate.
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Ways to propose hardiness training - 2
Reliving stress encounters: the individual would relive stress encounters to analyse these situations and their responses. This helped them and gave them an insight into their current coping strategies and how they might be more effective than they t
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Ways to propose hardiness training - 3
Self-improvement: The insights helped to move forwards and learn new techniques of dealing with stress. The individual is taught to focus on seeing stressors as challenged that are easily able to be taken control over rather than problems they must b
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Strength
Medication aren't involved, instead you learn how to deal with stress via your psychological methods.
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Weakness
Difficult to modify the method. Time consuming. Cannot be seen as a rapid solution to manage stress. Over complicated. Individual differences.
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Card 2

Front

identified a personality type that was resistant to stress and called this the hardy personality. She argued that everyone could be taught how to cope with stress and become more ‘hardy’, if some individuals were naturally resistant to stress.

Back

Kobasa (1979)

Card 3

Front

Focusing: The individual is taught how to recognise the physiological signs of stress including muscle tension and increase in heart rate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reliving stress encounters: the individual would relive stress encounters to analyse these situations and their responses. This helped them and gave them an insight into their current coping strategies and how they might be more effective than they t

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Self-improvement: The insights helped to move forwards and learn new techniques of dealing with stress. The individual is taught to focus on seeing stressors as challenged that are easily able to be taken control over rather than problems they must b

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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