Psychological Resilience

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Who is the biggest employer of sport psychologists in the world?
The US Army
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Define Resilience
The use of personal qualities to withstand pressure
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What are the two types of resilience?
Robust and Rebound
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Define robust resilience
Protective quality reflected in maintenance of performance and well-being
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Define rebound resilience
Rebound quality reflected in minor/temporary disruption to well-being and peformance
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What does a mental fortitude program do?
Develops psychological resilience incorporating 3 main areas: personal qualities, challenge mindset and facilitative environment. Should be addressed collectively on multiple levels
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Define personal qualities
psychological factors used to protect against negative consequences
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What are personal qualities also known as?
Moderating variables - dial up relationship - s-c goes up so does performance
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What are the 5 personal qualities which relate to resilience?
cultivating positive character, recognising and engaging with support, optimising drive, maintaining focus, strengthening self-belief
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Define facilitative environment
setting/context which fosters development of psych resilience
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The facilitative environment consists of what two variables?
support and challenge
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Explain challenge/support
Challenge - developmental feedback/high expectations. Support - motivational feedback/develop positive personal qualities
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What 4 environments are in the challenge support matrix
unrelenting, facilitative, stagnant and comfortable
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Explain facilitative environment in action
Coach applies challenge and just when athlete may not be able to cope dials up support
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Define challenge mindset
Evaluate and interpreting pressure and one's own thoughts positively
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Define team resilience
Use of collective qualities to protect team from pressure
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Define team robut resilience
protective quality reflected in maintenance of teams functioning and performance
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define team rebound resilience
bounce back quality reflected in minor disruption to teams functioning and performance
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What are the limits of resilience?
Not about maintaining mental toughness over health and well-being. Drug e.g. should optimise motivation not maximise. Extreme situation - most mentally tough could still suffer from psychopathology
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What did Sarkar and Fletcher find in terms of measuring resilience?
3 main measures: adversity, positive adapttions and protective factors
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How can we measure adversity?
life events, specific life stressors and discrete factors accumulated
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How can we measure positive adaptations?
multiple items measured along continuum from adjustment to maladjustment, abscence vs presence of psychiatric symptoms, integration of scores across different domains of adjustment
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How can we measure protective factors?
Assess range of factors across different levels of analysis
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What did Fletcher and Sarkar (2013) define team resilience as?
dynamic, psychosocial process which protects group from negative effects of stressors they collectively encounter
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Describe team fortitude training program
Facilitative environment interacts with collective qualities to underpin challenge climate
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What 4 characteristics of team resilience did Fletcher and Sarkar (2013) find?
Group structure, social capital, mastery approaches and collective efficacy
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What adversity experiences did athletes report in Sarkar, Fletcher and Brown's (2015) study?
both sporting and non-sporting adversities considered essentia for winning medal
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What are 5 main psychosocial processes underpinning team resilience?
Transformational leadership, shared team leadership, social identity, team learning and positive emotions
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Card 2


Define Resilience


The use of personal qualities to withstand pressure

Card 3


What are the two types of resilience?


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Card 4


Define robust resilience


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Card 5


Define rebound resilience


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