HideShow resource information
  • Created by: cblewitt1
  • Created on: 17-10-15 14:17
Name some religious influences on eating disorders?
Fast to show devotion-Ramadan(Muslim), Feasting days to celebrate (christmas, eid) and forbidden foods (pork)
1 of 37
How does mood influence eating disorders?
Mood and food are linked as if someone is down they eat junk food.
2 of 37
What are the symptoms of depression?
Lack of appetite and a bad diet.
3 of 37
Why do people binge or comfort eat?
People will do this to make them feel better.
4 of 37
Emotional intellegence is..
The ability to recognise and manage your emotions and those of other people. Psychologists are investingating the relationship between mood and eating.
5 of 37
What is orthorexia?
An eating disorder where people survive on a highly restricted diet. This could cause death.
6 of 37
Physiological changes in dieting..
Your body has evolved to cope with food shortages by lowering our metabolic rate and protecting fat stores in times of starvation.
7 of 37
Polivy and Herman 1975 study..
Used dieters and non dieters, they were placed in three 'pre load' conditions. Drinking either one or two glasses of milkshake or nothing. Then allowed unlimited ice cream.
8 of 37
Results of Polivy and Hermans study were...
The non dieters ate less icecream the more milkshake they drank, the dieters ate more icecream the more milkshakes they drank. This damaged the dieters determination so ate more. 'The counter regulation' effect.
9 of 37
Name some reasons why people may not diet?
No money, no time, no knowledge or skills and have no effort to cook.
10 of 37
Hayes and Ross in 1987 concluded that..
People may chose healthy foods if they are concerned about their appearance.
11 of 37
Steptoe 1995 believes..
Female healthy food choice increases with age
12 of 37
Verplanken 2005s research resulted that..
Unhealthy eating is linked to low self esteem and distress. Opportunity sample with 24 adults at an airport in Norway completed a questionnaire. They measured, self esteem, mood, impulse buying, snack habits and eating disturbances.
13 of 37
Results from verplankens study found that..
Low self esteem is linked to impulse buying and strong snacking tendencies are linked to more serious eating disturbances. Behaviours are used to cope with emotional distress and low self esteem but its only correlational.
14 of 37
In 2004, steptoe and wardles research concluded..
Reluctance to eat these foods as thought to be because they have low energy density. We seem to be pre-disposed to choose high energy foods.
15 of 37
Armitage 2007, found..
If ask people to state how, when, where we could eat more fruit and veg, people eat a healthier diet
16 of 37
What is hyperphagia?
Excessive over or under eating.
17 of 37
what was Daveys 2008 study?
Sustained under or over eating can be a symptom of depression
18 of 37
What does Ogden say about moods in the 2007 study?
Dieters who overeat are trying to alleviate their low mood temporarily
19 of 37
Why is tryptophan important to dieters?
Tryptophan is an essential building block for serotonin so those with a low mood self medicate by eating carbs to improve their mood (Supported by corsica and spring 2008)
20 of 37
Name a study that supports body weight is genetic..
Stroebe 2000- Heritability is responsible for 40-70% of weight.
21 of 37
Ashmore et al 2008..
Being overweight increases the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and prejudice in society.
22 of 37
what is 'yo yo' dieting?
When dieters lose weight but regain it all.
23 of 37
What are the three categories for maintained weight loss?
Life events(milestones/wedding/holiday), Reinvention(new job/friends/divorce) and Cognitive (attitude change-health scare)
24 of 37
What is the Theory of planned behaviour? -Azjen 1985
Social Cognition model to predict eating behaviours. 1. Attitudes 2. Subjective norms 3. Behavioural control... 4. Behavioural intentions and 5. Behaviour
25 of 37
How does internal locus of control affect eating behaviours?
Those with an internal LOC are more likely to take repsonsibility and succeed in dieting. External LOC will blame others.
26 of 37
What is the role of denial?
Denial is where we try not to think about something but we have a predisposition towards it so think about it more. -Wegner 1994 'Theory of ironic processes of mental control'
27 of 37
Ogden 2003 found..
Dieters become preoccupied with forbidden foods so crave it more
28 of 37
Nolen Hoeksema 2002 found
Females who coped with low moods by binge eating, 80% of them developed depression within the next 5 years.
29 of 37
What is the Ventromedial nucleus?
This is a factor of food regulation, this area is the satiety centre and is the unconscious physiologial process that stops you eating once full up. (Reduce food intake)
30 of 37
What study found that when the ventromedial nucleus is damage it affect the eating behaviour?
Bayliss et al 1996 found: Using 2 symmetrical lesions into the VN the rats with the lesions became obese whilst the control rats had not.
31 of 37
What is the Lateral Nucleus?
This is the hunger centre, where when the bodys blood sugar levels drop homeostatis responses kick in to help the equilibrium. Receptors in the LN detect the drop and cause neurons to create a sense of hunger.
32 of 37
Damage to the Lateral Nucleus causes a reduce in food intake, who conducted a study to support this?
Winn et al 1990
33 of 37
Why do we like sweet foods?
Harris 1987- Found new born babies have a preference to sweet things and this is universal. Suggesting early mammals were frugivores( ate fruit) and the sweetness triggers dopamine (pleasure chemical)
34 of 37
Why do we prefer 'bad' foods?
Burnham and Phelan 2000- Suggests that when food was sarce our ancestors would chose foods high in energy and calories.
35 of 37
Why do we have spicy meat?
Sherman and Hash 2001- found 7000 recipes from 36 countries had more spices in meat dishes, as spices have an antimicrobial property. Those in hot countries used spices to prevent the microbes growing faster in hot weather
36 of 37
What is Ghrelin?
The stomach sends a hormonal message to the brain when its empty, the hungrier you are the more ghrelin you secrete (Cummings et al 2004)
37 of 37

Other cards in this set

Card 2


How does mood influence eating disorders?


Mood and food are linked as if someone is down they eat junk food.

Card 3


What are the symptoms of depression?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Why do people binge or comfort eat?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Emotional intellegence is..


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Eating disorders resources »