psychology paper 2

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  • Created by: AHeath
  • Created on: 06-04-18 18:21
how can aggression by reduced according to the psychodynamic theory?
catharsis- a way of getting aggression 'out of our system' such as watching a violent film.
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psychodynamic theory of aggression
the unconscience thantos being uncontrable, this supposedly drives us to our destruction.
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biological reasons for aggression
- hormones (testosterone) -chromosomes(xxy) -brain damamge( limbic system- charles whitman)
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the behaviour that is aimed at harming others.
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vicarious learning
learning by observing
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channelling anger into socially acceptable activities such as sport.
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channelling anger towards other people e.g. having an argument with parents after a rough day
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factors affecting deindividuation
-individual differences in personality -group size -doing what many other people are doing
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factors affecting social loafing
- cultural differences - task attractivenes - if people like the group they are in -performance of others in the group
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factors affecting conformity
- the existance of an ally - the size of the majority - privacy - state of mind
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bystander apathy
doing nothing in an emergency when someone is in need of your help
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when people behave in a certain way because of the pressure exerted on them by other group members
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when we lose our sense of self and become part of a larger identity
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social loafing
reduction in effort by individuals when they are working in a group compared to when they are working alone
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responding as instructed to a direct order. complying with demand of an authority figure.
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token therapy / economy
reinforcing desired behaviours
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aversion therapy
pairing an unwanted behaviour with discomfort
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negative reinforcement
something negative is taken away to achieve desired behaviour
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positive punishment
when something negative is added to decrease chance of undesired behaviour
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negative punishment
something nice is taken away to decrease chance of undesired behaviour
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an irrational and persistant fear of objects or situations that offer no real threat
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systematic desensitisation
when a person is gradually exposed to the feared stimulus and cannot move to the next stage until they are relaxed at the previous one
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the principle that you can't feel fear for a prolonged period of time. the patient is imediately exposed to the largest anxiety provoking stimuli.
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classical conditioning
learning through association. when an animal or person learns to associate a reflex response with a new stimulus.
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gradual weakening of a conditioned response that results in the behaviour decreasing
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operant conditioning
learning through rewards and punishments of behaviour
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positive reinforcement
adding something nice to achieve desired behaviour
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psychodynamic theory of aggression


the unconscience thantos being uncontrable, this supposedly drives us to our destruction.

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biological reasons for aggression


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vicarious learning


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