research methods ; validity

HideShow resource information
1 of 49
what is validity in psych?
whether test / obs / experiment produces legitimate result
2 of 49
in other words whether observed effect is?
genuine and out there
3 of 49
inc whether researcher has measured?
what they intended to
4 of 49
and the extent to which finding can be?
generalised beyond research setting
5 of 49
is it possible for studies to produce reliable data that isn't valid?
6 of 49
like a broken set of scales?
will consistently weigh someone at the same weight but since they're broken that won't be their real weight
7 of 49
- internal validity
8 of 49
refers to whether effects observed are due to?
iv manipulation or some other factor
9 of 49
major threat to internal validity of study is if pps respnd to?
demand characteristics
10 of 49
like in milgram?
some say they knew shocks were fake but just playinig along
11 of 49
- external validity
12 of 49
relates to factors outside of investigation like?
generalising to other settings / populations / people
13 of 49
- ecological validity
14 of 49
concerns generalising finding?
from one setting to another
15 of 49
most particular to what as thats what psychs interested in sudying?
erryday lyf
16 of 49
what about task can lower ecological validity?
if task to measure dv isn't 'like erryday life;
17 of 49
like what about memory?
just makin' 'em remember lists of bare words
18 of 49
so its not just about whether its in?
lab v field
19 of 49
- temporal validity
20 of 49
issue of whether finding or concepts hold true?
over time
21 of 49
like with asch?
ppl sugg rates of conformity were from particularly conformist era of the '50s
22 of 49
and freud?
well, the patriarchy ********
23 of 49
24 of 49
what is the most basic form?
face validity
25 of 49
which is?
whether 'on the face of it' scale measures hat its supposed to
26 of 49
how cna this be determined?
eyeballing measuring instrument / passing to expert to check
27 of 49
how is concurrent validity demonstrated?
when results v close / match those obtained on another well established test
28 of 49
close agreements between two sets of data would indicate?
new test has high concurrent validity
29 of 49
and close agreement is indicated if correlation exceeds?
30 of 49
31 of 49
- experimental research
32 of 49
validity can be improved in many ways like using control group helps why?
means researcher can better assess whether changes rlly due to IV
33 of 49
experimenters may also standardise procedures to minimise impact of?
pp reactivity / investigator effects on validity of outcome
34 of 49
use of what is designed to achieve this same aim as standardisation?
single-blind / double-blind procedures
35 of 49
- questionnaires
36 of 49
many incorporate a lie scale to do what?
assess consistency of respondent's response and ctrl for effects of social desirability bias
37 of 49
validity may be further enhanced by assuring repsondents what about data?
38 of 49
- observations
39 of 49
why may their findings have high ecological validity?
minimal researcher intervention
40 of 49
especially case in covert operatins why?
esperimenter undetected so behav observed natural / authentic
41 of 49
in addition what may have negative impact on validity tho?
broad / overlapping / ambiguous behavioural categories
42 of 49
- qualitative methods
43 of 49
usually thought of as having higher what kind of validity than quanititative?
44 of 49
depth and detail is better to reflect pp reality
45 of 49
howvever researcher still have to demonstrate what kind of validity of conclusions?
interpretive validity
46 of 49
which is?
extent to which resarcher;s interpretation matches those of pps
47 of 49
this can be dmonstrated through things like?
coherence of rsrchrs repording and inclusin of direct quotes
48 of 49
validity further enhanced through triangulation which is?
use of no different sources
49 of 49

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what is validity in psych?


whether test / obs / experiment produces legitimate result

Card 3


in other words whether observed effect is?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


inc whether researcher has measured?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


and the extent to which finding can be?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Research methods and techniques resources »