Snaith// Subject Terminology

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Simile
Using 'like' or 'as' to compare 2 objects.
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Metaphor
Saying something is something else.
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Personification
Giving an inanimate object human characteristics.
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Oxymoron
Contradiction directly next to each other. e.g. deafening silence.
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Hyperbole
Over exaggeration
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Superlative
Highest quality
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Rhetorical question
A question that doesn't require an answer.
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Hypophora
Person questions something and then immediatley answers it.
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Modal verb
Expresses necessity or possibility e.g. must, shall and should.
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Stative verb
verb used to describe a state or situation e.g. be, have, like, seem, prefer, understand, doubt, and know.
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Abstract noun
A noun indicating an idea, quality or state e.g.a thought, dream or emotions.
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Pathetic fallacy
Changing the weather to fit the mood.
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Syntax
The arrangement of words to create well formed sentences.
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Parenthetic commas
Adding extra information that the sentence is still correct without it, like brackets.
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Parenthesis
Inserted word as an explanation or after thought.
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Triplication
Power of 3 describing words e.g. tall, towering tree.
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Litotes
Ironic understatement
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Extended Metaphor/ Epic simile
Detailed comparison
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Symbolism
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
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Antithesis
Direct opposite of something.
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Juxtaposition
2 things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
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Repetition
Repeating something for effect e.g. but, but, but
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Rhyme
2 words with the end sounds that sound like each other.
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Enjambment
Continuing a sentence even on a different line with no pause/ running onto the next line.
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Colloquialism
Slang
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Sibilance
Strongly stressed constants are created deliberately e.g. hissing sounds.
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Assonance
resemblance of sounds between syllables or nearby words (rhyming)
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Consonance
Agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions.
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Anaphora
Using a word referring back to a word used earlier e.g. they
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Elipsis
... used for dramatic effect
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Caesura
Break between words or a pause near the middle of a line.
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Euphemism
Indirect expression for something
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Free verse
Poetry that doesn't follow a regular rhythm or has rhyme
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Metonym
A word, name or expression used as a substitute for something that is closely associated.
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Refrain
Verse or phrase that is repeated as intervals, like a chorus.
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Onomatopoeia
describing sound
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Circular composition
Beginning and ending a poem or story with the same phrase.
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Imperative verbs
'Bossy' verbs/ commanding
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Subverted
Flip something/ opposite
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Verb
A word used to describe an action, state or occurrence.
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Alliteration
Using words with the same first letter e.g. animals and Ally
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Noun
A word used to identify a class of people places, things or ideas e.g. happiness, friendship, Chicago.
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Simile
A linking word e.g. like or as
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Common noun
A noun that is the name of a group of similar things, not a single person, place or thing. e.g. country, person, city.
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Collective noun
A group e.g. school, class, family.
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Proper noun
Refers to the individual name of a person, place or thing e.g. Empire State Building, Atlantic Ocean.
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Allusion
A reference to another event- to allude something. This provides another layer of meaning.
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Pronoun
Refers to a noun that has already been mentioned e.g. she, he, they, me, you, we, it.
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Ambiguity
Use of language where the meaning is unclear- has 2 or more possible meanings or interpretations. This creates layers of meaning.
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Adjective
A word naming an attribute of a noun (describing word) e.g. sweet, red, technical
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Anthropomorphism
Personification/ making it seem like an animal (not just an inanimate object.)
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Assonance
Repetition of similar vowel sounds.
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Adverb
A word that modifies the meaning of an adjective (LY word) e.g. Gently, slowly, quickly.
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Atmosphere
Prevailing mood created by a piece of writing.
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Colloquial
Slang language
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Preposition
A word governing a noun or pronoun expressing relation to another word e.g. before, after, under.
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Connotation
Implication or association to a word or phrase- suggested rather than being felt.
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Diction
Alternative word for vocabulary.
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Definite Article
Definite= specific. A determiner that introduces a noun phrase. Implies that the mentioned has already been mentioned e.g. the USA, the Netherlands
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Empathy
Feeling pain for someone.
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Indefinite Article
Refers to something not specifically known to the person being communicated with e.g. a country, a school.
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Figurative Language
Metaphorical language/ symbolic
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Superlative
Of the highest quality or degree e.g hottest, biggest, most.
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Irony
Sarcastic tone- saying something while meaning another.
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Abstract noun
something you can't touch, not tangible e.g. an idea, hunger, nothing, love, hate.
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Onomatopeia
sounds e.g. wiz, crack, pop
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Pathos
The effect the literature has on the reader.
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Protagonist
Main character/ speaker
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Pun
Play on words
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Persona
The aspect of someone's character that is presented to or perceived by others.
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Satire
Ridiculing something going past irony and sarcasm- bitter tone.
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Syntax
Order of words in a sentence to achieve different effects.
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Theme
General intention of the text/ style.
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Interjection
An intrusive word e.g. so.
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Determiner
A person or thing that determines or decides something e.g. a, the, every.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Metaphor

Back

Saying something is something else.

Card 3

Front

Personification

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Oxymoron

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hyperbole

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

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leo.cazals

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LivMTaylor_

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emilymorganx

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