Social Change

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1. What did Bashir propose?

  • People are less likely to agree with minority influence because they associate them with negative stereotypes
  • Minority influence is not very effective
  • Minority influence has no effect on social change
  • Normative social influence and minority influence can never overlap as normative is majority influence only
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2. How did Milgram's study support that social change helps people to resist obedience?

  • 35% did not reach 450V
  • When the participants had to put the learner's hand on the plate, they took more responsibility
  • Disobeying confederate reduced the conformity of participants
  • There have been 1000s of participants who have taken part in replications of the original experiment

3. What did Nemeth propose?

  • There is a gradual shift to social change
  • Minority influence is indirect and delayed, and often seen as uncompromising
  • Minority influence is not very effective because the majority get embarrassed by agreeing with the majority
  • Social change is majority influence only, not minority influence

4. How does Asch's study show support for social change helping people to resist conformity?

  • A dissenter lead participants to use them as a model for not conforming
  • 25% of participants did not conform at all
  • When the dissenter began to conform again, the participants did not
  • 75% of participants conformed to the majority view at least once

5. What did Zimbardo say about social change and obedience?

  • Minority influence causes greater depth of thought
  • Social change via disobedience comes gradually (gradual commitment)
  • Social change does not occur from obedience
  • The Stanford Prison Experiment's results support social change via conformity


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