1. What did Bashir propose?
- People are less likely to agree with minority influence because they associate them with negative stereotypes
- Minority influence is not very effective
- Minority influence has no effect on social change
- Normative social influence and minority influence can never overlap as normative is majority influence only
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2. How did Milgram's study support that social change helps people to resist obedience?
- 35% did not reach 450V
- When the participants had to put the learner's hand on the plate, they took more responsibility
- Disobeying confederate reduced the conformity of participants
- There have been 1000s of participants who have taken part in replications of the original experiment
3. What did Nemeth propose?
- There is a gradual shift to social change
- Minority influence is indirect and delayed, and often seen as uncompromising
- Minority influence is not very effective because the majority get embarrassed by agreeing with the majority
- Social change is majority influence only, not minority influence
4. How does Asch's study show support for social change helping people to resist conformity?
- A dissenter lead participants to use them as a model for not conforming
- 25% of participants did not conform at all
- When the dissenter began to conform again, the participants did not
- 75% of participants conformed to the majority view at least once
5. What did Zimbardo say about social change and obedience?
- Minority influence causes greater depth of thought
- Social change via disobedience comes gradually (gradual commitment)
- Social change does not occur from obedience
- The Stanford Prison Experiment's results support social change via conformity