Social Groups and Religiosity

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What are the two trends and patterns in gender and religiosity?
More women beleive in God than men. Twice as many women are involved in sects as men.
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According to Miller and Hoffma, what are the three reasons for women's higher religiosity?
Women have caring and passive qualities that are valued by most religions. Women take fewer risks than men so won't take the risk of going to hell. Women are more likely to work part time so have more scope for organising their time to participate
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According to Heelas and Woodhead, why are women more attracted to New Age Movements?
NAMs celebrate the natural and involve cults of heeling. Their expressive role makes women less aggressive, caring and goal-orientated
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Why do Stain and Bainbridge argue women are more likely to be part of a sect?
women are more likely to be deprived: organismic deprivation, ethical deprivation and social deprivation
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What is the Pentecostalism gender paradox?
Pentecostalism has appealed to more woemn despite it being patriarchal. Brusco argues women can use traditional gender ideas to comat the culture of machismo
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What trends are there in ethnicity and religiosity?
Muslims, Hindus and black Christians are more likely to see religion as important
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How does cultural defense make certain ethnic groups more religious?
Religion is a way of defending language, culture, home countries, food, music, film and sport. It offers a sense of cultural identity in a hostile environment
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How does cultural transition make certain ethnic groups more religious?
Religion can ease the transition into a new culture as it provides a focal point for individuals
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What trends are there in age and religiosity?
The older a person is, the more likely they are to attend religious services. The only exception is under 15s as they are made to go by their parents
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What are Voas and Crockett's three explainations for age differences in religiosity?
The Aging Effect: People become more concerned about the after life. The Period Effect: People born in a certain period may be more religious because of life events. Each generation is becoming more secularised
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What is Arweck and Beckford's virtual collapse of relgious socialisation?
We are more likely to see an aging population of Church goers because Sunday schools have disappeared and parents who share their faith have a 50/50 chance of raising their child to be a Church goer
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What 6 reasons explain why the working class are more likely to join sects and world rejecting NRMs?
Marginality, theodicy of disprivilege, relative deprivation, compensators, social change and anomie
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What 6 reasons explain why the middle class are more likely to join cults and world affirming NRMs/NAMs?
Spiritual deprivation, modernisation/secularisation, increased education, science, new media/technology and postmodernity/new age
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Card 2

Front

According to Miller and Hoffma, what are the three reasons for women's higher religiosity?

Back

Women have caring and passive qualities that are valued by most religions. Women take fewer risks than men so won't take the risk of going to hell. Women are more likely to work part time so have more scope for organising their time to participate

Card 3

Front

According to Heelas and Woodhead, why are women more attracted to New Age Movements?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do Stain and Bainbridge argue women are more likely to be part of a sect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the Pentecostalism gender paradox?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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