Sociology of Childhood

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What does Ruth Benedict argue?
There are cross-cultural difference in childhood. In non-Western societies, children take responsibility at an early age, less value is placed on obedience and sexual behaviour is viewed differently
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What is the Social Construction of Childhood (Aries)?
The position children occupy in society is not fixed, but differs between times, places and societies. Therefore, childhood is socially constructed
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What is the 'Centuries of Childhood' study?
Artwork through the ages suggests childhood has changed over time. In the Tudor period, children were 'mini adults' while in modern society children are protected
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Give three examples of how childhood is improving
Education; Child-Centred Society; Free Healthcare; Safeguarding Children; 1989 Children's Act
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Give three examples of how childhood is deteriorating
Stanger Danger; Neglect and Abuse; Helicopter Parents; Acting Down; Pester Power
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What does Lee argue?
The nature of childhood is changing. In the 21st century, child and adult cultures are blurring together e.g. Shrek can be enjoyed on differnt levels by both parents and children
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Give three reasons for changes in the position of children
Compulsory Schooling;Child Protection Legislation; Children's Rights; Medical Knowledge; Laws and Polices; Lower Infant Mortality Rates; Child Labour
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What does Postman argue?
Childhood is disappearing in modern society. Childhood was associated with ignorance and innocence but access to smart phones, and the media replaces this with knowledge and cynicsm
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How do Opie and Opie criticise Postman?
Children can and do create their own independent culture, often through social networking, so childhood is not disappearing
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What does Palmer argue?
Computer games, exam stress, junk food and media pressure to grow up fast has created a toxic childhood
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What does Jenks argue?
Childhood is a social construction and it prepares children to be productive adults. Childhood is changing as society moves towards postmodernity
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What is the 'New Sociology' of childhood?
Carol Smart argues we need to study childhood from the views and experiences of the child
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Card 2

Front

What is the Social Construction of Childhood (Aries)?

Back

The position children occupy in society is not fixed, but differs between times, places and societies. Therefore, childhood is socially constructed

Card 3

Front

What is the 'Centuries of Childhood' study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give three examples of how childhood is improving

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give three examples of how childhood is deteriorating

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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