Stress Keywords

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Fight or flight
A term which literally means that an animal is energised to either fight or run away, but has come to mean a general state of energised readiness
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Any substance produced by a gland or organ of the body and circulated in the blood, only affecting specific target cells in the body
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A substance released from the end of a neuron into the synapse, causing the adjacent neuron to be excited or inhibited
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Pituitary-adrenal system
A stress response system involving the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and adrenal cortex, which helps the body deal with chronic stressors
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The subjective experience of a lack of fit between a person and their environment, (the perceived demands of a situation are greater than a person's perceived ability to cope)
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Sympathomedullary pathway
The influence of the SNS and the adrenal medulla prepares the body for fight or fligt when faced with and acute stressor
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Immune system
This is a system of cells withing the body that is concerned with fighting against intruders such as viruses and bacteria. White blood cells (leucocytes) identify and eliminate foreign bodies (antigens)
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Cardiovascular disorder
Refers to any disorder of the heart e.g CHD and circulatory system e.g hypertension
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A common mental disorder characterised by feelings of sadness, lack of interest in everyday activities and a sense of worthlessness. Depression can be triggered by a stressful life event or biological changes
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Life changes
Events in a person's life e.g divorce, that require a significant adjustment in various aspects of a person's life. As such, they are significant sources of stress
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Daily hassles
The irritating, frustrating, distressing demands that to some degree characterise everyday transactions with the environment
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Daily uplifts
The minor positive experiences of everyday life, for example, receiving a compliment
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Workplace stressors
Aspects of our working environment e.g work overload that we experience as stressful, and which cause a stress reaction in our body
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Type A personality
Characterised by constant time pressure, competitiveness in work and social situations, and anger
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Hardy personality
Provides defences against the negative effects of stress. These are control over one's life, commitment and challenge.
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
A combination of cognitive therapy and behavioural therapy
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Stress inoculation therapy
A type of CBT which trains people to cope with anxiety and stressful situations more effectively by learning skills to 'inoculate' themselves against the damaging effects of future stressors
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Hardiness training
The aim of hardiness training is to increase self confidence and sense of control so that individuals can more successfully navigate changes in their lives
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Any substance produced by a gland or organ of the body and circulated in the blood, only affecting specific target cells in the body

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