1. Which two areas govern autonomic functions as well as reflexes
- Spinal cord and midbrain
- Brainstem and midbrain
- Cerebral cortex and Spinal cord
- Automatic nervous system and medulla
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2. What is a teratogen?
- Substances that exert an adverse influence on development e.g drugs, smoking, disease and maternal stress
- A genetic mutation in the mother which causes future disabilitys and birth complications in the infant
- Substances that exert a positive influence on development e.g enriched environment, nutrition and exercise
- A chemical imbalance in the pregnant body which goes on to affect the infant
3. What is apoptosis and why does it occur?
- The formation of sulci and gyri to accommodate more neurons
- Programmed cell death of poorly stimulated neurons; increases efficiency of functioning
- Increase of brain surface; to increase cell stimulation
- Buildings of connections between synapses to 'finely tune' the brains 'circuitry'
4. What is an early behavioural reflex?
- An involuntary reaction to external stimuli
- A type of infant feeding behaviour
- A voluntary reaction to a stimuli
- A movement to attract attention
5. What effects does the environment have on the prenatal brain?
- The PN brain is especially sensitive to positive environmental influences affecting cortical thickness
- The environment has not shown to have an effect on the PN brain
- The PN brain is sensitive to negative and positive influences, with cortical thickness differing according to the environment
- The PN brain is especially sensitive to negative environmental influences affecting cortical thickness