The Protector Somerset 1547-9

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How did Somerset gain entrance to the English royal family?
His sister, Jane Seymour, married King Henry VIII.
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When did Somerset's sister marry Henry VIII?
May 1536.
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What appointment was given to Seymour (Somerset) within a week of his sister''s marriage to Henry?
Viscount Beauchamp.
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What did Seymour (Somerset) become in 1537?
Earl of Hertford.
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Who did Seymour (Somerset) work closely with in Henry's Regency Council?
Sir William Paget.
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What did Seymour (Somerset) and Paget have control over relating to Henry?
Henry's will.
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For how long did Seymour (Somerset) and Paget keep Henry's death a secret?
4 days.
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Why did Seymour (Somerset) and Paget keep Henry's death a secret for 4 days?
To rally support for Seymour (Somerset) to become head of the Regency Council.
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What newly appointed role allowed Seymour (Somerset) to have the right to appoint and dismiss members of the Privy Council?
Lord Protector.
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What did Seymour become changing his formal title to Somerset?
Duke of Somerset.
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When did Seymour become Duke of Somerset?
On Henry's death bed in 1547.
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What did Somerset confiscate to enhance his wealth and support his titles?
Monastic property.
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What two appointments did Somerset's younger brother, Thomas, become?
Baron Seymour of Sudeley and Lord High Admiral.
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Why was the power of the monarch based in parliament from the 1530s onwards?
Due to Thomas Cromwell's reforms to parliament in the 1530s.
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What did both Houses of Parliament have to approve in relation to tax?
Both Houses of Parliament had to approve taxation proposals.
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What did both Houses of Parliament have to confirm before they became statutes?
Any laws.
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What could the monarch do in relation to parliament's meetings?
The monarch could call parliament as often or as infrequently as he chose.
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What coudl the monarch do relating to laws when parliament as not in session but had to be confirmed when parliament met again?
Make new laws through proclamations.
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what two powers were part of the royal prerogative?
Diplomacy and declaring war and peace.
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What day-day task was carried out by the Privy Council?
Admininstration.
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Who chose the members of the Privy Council?
Monarch.
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Who were the members of the Privy Council chosen from?
Nobles, higher clergy and more important gentry.
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For what reasons meant that individuals were chosen as members of the Privy Council?
Loyalty and administration or military skills.
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What could happen to members of the Privy Council relating to dismissal?
Privy Council members could be dismissed at will.
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Who supported the Privy Council's work?
Civil servants.
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What was the Privy Council responsoble for in relation to local governmentt?
Responsible for the running of local government.
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What two councils were beneath the Privy Council and dealt with rebellions on the borders?
Council of the North and Council of Wales.
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Who administered local government?
Administered by the nobles and higher clergy in each county.
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What 5 roles did the nobles and higher clergy have to do as part of local government?
Maintain order, administer justice, collect taxes, raise troops and carry out Privy Council instructions.
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Where were the 5 duties of local government carried out?
Organised in the households of the nobles and higher clergy carrying them out.
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At whose expense were the 5 duties of local government carried out?
The nobles and higher clergy carrying them out.
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Who supported local government?
Local gentry.
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Who did the local gentry act as?
JPs and commissioners.
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What does JP stand for?
Justice of the Peace.
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What did the local gentry acting as JPs and commissioners collect and who did they assist in mustering county militia?
Collected taxes and assisted Lord Lieutenants in mustering county militia.
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Did the government under Somerset change much when compared to that of Henry VIII?
Didn't change much at all.
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What did Somerset struggle with in relation to the infant King Edward VI?
Struggled to possess the leadership to make up for the lack of adult leadership.
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Who is Somerset's rise to power partly attributed to?
Sir William Paget.
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What was Somerset's character regarded as in the past?
Regarded as a genuine reformer, sympathetic to the right of the poor.
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What have people thoughts of Somerset's character more recently?
Doubts have been expressed about whether he had any interest in socialm reform and it has been claimed that he was an arrogant self-seeker who refused advice and who enriched himself in Church property.
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What do historians currently think of Somerset's character?
Regarded as being more greedy, and no more sympathetic to the poor, than his fellow aristocrats. Certainly in February 1547 the other members of the Regency Council were just as quick to accept lands as Somerset himself.
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Why did Somerset continue the war with France and Scotland according to the nobility, clergy and gentry?
National pride.
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What task was the Regency Council landed with from Henry VIII's will?
Ensuring the marriage between Edward VI and Mary Queen of Scots.
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How did Henry VIII try to prevent further religious reform in 1539?
Passing the Act of Six Articles.
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What did the Act of Six Articles declare?
Laid down the doctrines and form of worship for the Church of England.
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Why did the government have to encourage religious reform?
To prevent a Catholic revival and the administration losing power as it was mainly Protestant.
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By when was the government bankrupt?
1547.
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How much money had Henry VIII spent on the war by 1546?
£2,100,000
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How much had Henry VIII borrowed from continental bankers to fund the war with France and Scotland?
£152,000
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How did Henry try to make up the financial debt from the war and to the continental bankers?
Sold off most of the monastic land seized between 1538 and 1540 as well as some Crown lands.
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What had the annual revenue from crown lands fallen to?
£200,000
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What two measures were taken instead of tax reforms to make up for the government's war debt and continential bankers' debt?
More Church property was seized and coinage was debased.
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What were the 4 long-term problems caused by Henry VIII and previous monarchs facing Somerset?
Population increase, inflation, poor harvests and uprisings.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Somerset's sister marry Henry VIII?

Back

May 1536.

Card 3

Front

What appointment was given to Seymour (Somerset) within a week of his sister''s marriage to Henry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Seymour (Somerset) become in 1537?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who did Seymour (Somerset) work closely with in Henry's Regency Council?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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