The Psychodynamic Approach Quiz

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  • Created by: Danni
  • Created on: 19-05-16 09:58
As a key assumption of the approach, what did Freud believe was the importance of the first five years?
The most important in terms of forming a personality, and that if there are any unsolved problems at one stage, your development will be disrupted.
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As a key assumption of the approach, what did Freud believe was the significance of the unconscious?
We have a certain amount of energy which doesn't increase or decrease.
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What is the conscious mind?
Holds thoughts, ideas, emotions and other aspects of thinking, of which the individual is aware.
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What is the preconscious mind?
Holds thoughts, ideas and emotions which are readily available to be accessed, but are not actually conscious at the time.
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What is the unconscious mind?
The largest part of the mind, which is where all thoughts originate from.
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What is psychoanalysis?
The method of therapy built by Freud which combined techniques such as dream analysis, to enter the unconscious part of the mind.
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What is the id?
The primitive part of the personality, often described as the biological component of the mind, as it is the one we are born with, which works on the pleasure principle and is the demanding aspect of our personality, which always wants our desires.
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What is the ego?
Develops at around the age of 18 months and is the rational part of the personality. It's designed to balance the personality.
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What is the superego?
Develops at around four years of age, and derives from the morality principle and is the “can’t have” part of the personality, which is made up of two components: the conscience and the ego ideal.
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What is libido?
Energy that never increases or decreases; sexual energy.
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What is eros?
The instinct for self-preservation and sexual energy, which leads to arousal.
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What is thanatos?
The death instinct; provides energy to inhibit eros.
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What are defence mechanisms?
Designed to push thoughts, feelings and desires out of the conscious mind, or can transfer a desire onto something safer.
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What is repression?
Keeping thoughts in the unconscious mind so that they are not remembered, as they are not allowed inside the conscious.
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What is denial?
When someone denies a traumatic event has occurred and acts as though nothing has happened, protecting the individual from unhappy or unacceptable thoughts.
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What is projection?
When somebody deals with having unacceptable thoughts by saying that they are somebody else’s thoughts.
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What is displacement?
When thoughts or wishes that an individual finds to be unacceptable are transferred onto someone or something else, or the urges/thoughts are turned into something different.
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What is regression?
Using the comforting behaviours of an earlier age to cope with something which is currently causing a significant amount of stress.
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What is a weakness of Freud's defence mechanisms?
The concept of defence mechanisms cannot be tested scientifically, as the DV is not operationalised.
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What are the 5 stages of development? (in the correct order)
Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital.
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What two ways can cause a fixation?
Frustration and overindulgence.
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At what age does the Oral stage occur?
Lasts from birth to around 18 months.
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At what age does the Anal stage occur?
Lasts from 18 months to around 3 years old.
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At what age does the Phallic stage occur?
Occurs around the age of 4/5 years old.
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At what age does the Latency period occur?
Around the age of about 5 years old.
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At what age does the Genital stage occur?
Starts at puberty.
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What part of the body is the focus of sexual energy in the Oral stage?
The mouth.
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What part of the body is the focus of sexual energy in the Anal stage?
The anus.
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What part of the body is the focus of sexual energy in the Phallic stage?
The genitals.
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What part of the body is the focus of sexual energy in the Latent stage?
There isn't one.
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What part of the body is the focus of sexual energy in the Genital stage?
The genitals.
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What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the oral stage?
Either envious, pessimistic and sarcastic OR optimistic, admiring and gullible.
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What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the anal stage?
Either anal-expulsive OR anal-retentive.
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What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the phallic stage?
Reckless, vain, proud, and possibly incapable of loving another person.
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What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the latent stage?
Fixation cannot occur.
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What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the genital stage?
Relationship problems can occur, according to Freud, which includes the development of homosexuality.
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What is a strength of the theory of psychosexual stages?
Freud provided some new treatments to patients with mental health problems, which were otherwise unavailable – his development of psychoanalysis was particularly useful in the treatment of those with neuroses.
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What is a weakness of the theory of psychosexual stages?
The concepts are not measurable and therefore cannot be tested.
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Card 2

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As a key assumption of the approach, what did Freud believe was the significance of the unconscious?

Back

We have a certain amount of energy which doesn't increase or decrease.

Card 3

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What is the conscious mind?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is the preconscious mind?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is the unconscious mind?

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