The Nazi Racial State

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  • Created by: Millie
  • Created on: 06-03-13 11:48
How was anti- Semitism in Nazi Germany rooted in the past?
There is a long tradition of anti- Semitism in Europe.1. Religious resentment of the Christians towards the Jews for killing Jesus. Jews were used as scapegoats for the problems in society
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How did social changes affect the development of anti- Semitism ?
Intellectual developemnents led to the deepening of anti-Semitism + changing social condition. Jews had migrated from eastern Europe and were initially quite improvished but their fortunes grew and they were soon seen as priviledged
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Give some statistics for the positions Jews played in society
In 1933 Jews = 1% of population but made up 16% of lawyers and 10 % of doctors
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What were the causes of anti- Semitism in Germany ?
The emergence of right- wing volkish nationalism even before 1914. The 'stab in the back myth' of 1918 exacerbated. Hitler's obsessive hatred of the Jews changed it into a racial ideology of hatred. Social Darwinism. Weakness of Weimar.
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Did Nazi anti- semitism change over time?
Yes, gradually. Legal discrimination -> Propaganda and indoctrination against the Jews -> Violence against the Jews -> Forced emigration -> ' Final solution' = extermination
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Name key laws in the legal descrimination of the Jews
1935 Nuremburg Race Laws ( Lost German citizenship and were not allowed to inter-marry)
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When were Jewish pupils not allowed to go to university or school anymore?
November 15 1938
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When was the first official boycott of Jewish shops?
1 April 1933
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When were Jewish people given curfews?
September 1939
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What methods/ means did the Nazis use to indoctrinate people into hating the Jews?
Posters and signs. Newspapers e.g. the Angriff. Cinema
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How did the SA's treatment of the Jews change over the years?
The became much more violent and created a sense of terror within the community.
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What and when was Kristallnacht?
A violent pogrom against the Jews. 9-10 November 1938.
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What is a pogrom?
An organized or encouraged massacre of innocent people.
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When was the Central Office for Jewish Emigration created? What was its job?
1939. Forced emigration of the Jewish people.
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Roughly about what percentage of the Jewish population had been forcibly removed from Germany before the war?
About half
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Why was the year 1938 so significant?
It marked the start of radicalisation of anti- Semitism in Nazi German= Legal laws, violence - Kristallnacht.
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How did Nazi anti- semitism degenerate into genocide?
The Nazis had responsibility of more Jews after the victory in Poland. The start of the war made emigration of the Jews more and more difficult - they were moved to ghettos but it didn't end there.
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Which event marked the beginning of the genocide
Invasion of Russia 1941- ** Einsatzgruppen started to round up the Jews and murder them by mass shootings.
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What was the ' Final Solution'?
A euphemism used by the Nazi leadership to describe the extermination of Jews from 1941
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When was the Wansee conference ?
20th Jan 1942.
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What was the significance of the Wansee conference?
It was decided at this conference that the mass exterminaion of the Jews should begin. In the course of 1942 a number of extermination camps were built in Poland
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Name some of the most infamous extermination camps
Auschwitz, Treblinka and Sobibor.
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Why were the gypsies persecuted?
They were viewed as ' outsiders'. They were not Christian and they had their own distinct traditions. They were non- white. Their ' traveller' lifestyle was resented.
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Approximately how many gypsies were exterminated from south- eastern Europe?
between 225 000 and 500 000
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Why did the Holocaust happen?
Hitler's hatred of the Jews and desire to exterminate them. The consistent gradualist policy that escalated to their extermination.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did social changes affect the development of anti- Semitism ?

Back

Intellectual developemnents led to the deepening of anti-Semitism + changing social condition. Jews had migrated from eastern Europe and were initially quite improvished but their fortunes grew and they were soon seen as priviledged

Card 3

Front

Give some statistics for the positions Jews played in society

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the causes of anti- Semitism in Germany ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Did Nazi anti- semitism change over time?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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