Topic 6 Educational policy and inequality

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  • Created by: Ali682
  • Created on: 03-05-18 10:28
What do Functionalists argue?
They argue that comprehensives promote social integration by bringing children of different social classes together in one school.
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Julienne Ford (1969)
Found little social mixing between working class and middle class pupils largely because of streaming.
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What do Marxists argue?
That comprehensives are not meritocratic. Rather they reproduce class inequality from one generation to the next through the continuation of the practice of streaming and labelling.
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What is Marketisation?
Refers to the process of introducing market forces of consumer choice and competition between suppliers into areas run by the state, such as education.
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Miriam David (1993)
Describes marketised education as a 'parentocracy' (rule by parents).
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Stephen Ball (1994) and Geoff Whitty (1998)
Note how marketisation policies such as exam league tables and the funding formula reproduces class inequality by creating inequalities between schools.
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Melissa Benn (2012)
Sees a contradiction between Labour's policies to tackle inequality and its commitment to markestisation.
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What does Rebecca Allen (2010) argue?
She argues that research from Sweden where 20% of schools are free schools, shows that they only benefit children from highly educated families.
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What does Ball (2011) argue?
Argues that promoting academies and free schools has led to both increased fragmentation and increased centralisation of control over educational provision in England.
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Ball (2007)
According to Ball companies involved in such work expect to make up to ten times as much profit as they do on other contracts.
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Allyson Pollack (2004)
Notes this flow of personnel allows companies to buy 'insider knowledge' to help win contracts as well as side-stepping local authority democracy.
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Molnar (2005)
According to Molnar schools are targeted by private companies because schools by their nature carry enormous goodwill and can thus confer legitimacy on anything associated with them.
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Sharon Beder (2009)
UK families spent £110,000 in Tesco supermarkets in return for a single computer for schools.
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Stuart Hall (2011)
See Coalition government policies as part of the 'long march of the neoliberal revolution'.
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Maureen Stone (1981)
Argues that black pupils do not fail for lack of self-esteem.
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Heidi Safia Mirza (2005)
Sees little genuine change in policy. She argues that instead of tackling the structural causes of ethnic inequality such as poverty and racism educational policy still takes a 'soft' approach that focuses on culture, behavior and the home.
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Argues that institutionally racist policies in relation to the ethnocentric curriculum, assessment and streaming continue to disadvantage minority ethnic group pupils.
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Card 2


Julienne Ford (1969)


Found little social mixing between working class and middle class pupils largely because of streaming.

Card 3


What do Marxists argue?


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Card 4


What is Marketisation?


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Card 5


Miriam David (1993)


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