Currency: Serbian dinar (RSD)
President: Tomislav Nikolić
Prime Minister: Ivica Dačić
Government and Politics:
The Republic of Serbia is a unitary, parliamentary republic with a directly elected unicameral parliament. The 250 member National Assembly is elected every 4 years by proportional representation. This results in a multi-party system where the government is always formed from coalitions.
Executive authority lies with the Prime Minister who is elected by the National Assembly on the proposal of the President. The Prime Minister then appoints their cabinet. The Head of State is the President who is elected by popular vote to serve 5 year terms, with a maximum of two terms.
The modern state of Serbia has a population of around 7 million and an exciting history. From it's early days as a Kingdom to being part of both the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires and then Yugoslavia, Serbia has been a central part of the turbulent history of the Balkans. Some of the most famous Serbs are probably Gavrilo Princip who is responsible for beginning WW1, and the inventor and physicist Nikola Tesla.
Serbia was heavily involved in the Wars in Yugoslavia in the 1990s when Tito's former state split. Serbia in it's present form came into being in 2006 when Serbia and Montenegro split.
In recent decades Serbia has been heavily involved with the UN, mostly as a result of the Wars in Yugoslavia in the 1990s. NATO initiated a bombing campaign on Serbian soil in 1999 during the Kosovo War and so Serbia has not made efforts to become a NATO member
Serbia's representation at the UN was contested upon the breakup of Yugoslavia. After 1992, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia + Montenegro) was initially allowed to continue to hold the seat of the SFR Yugoslavia as the legal successor state, but this decision was later reversed and FR Yugoslavia had to reapply for membership in 2000. Upon Montenegro's independence in 2006, Serbia continued the membership of FR Yugoslavia whilst Montenegro reapplied for membership.
Former Serbian leaders such as Slobodan Milosevic have been tried for war crimes at The International Criminal Court as a result of the ICTY. Serbia is a neutral country and has applied for membership of the EU. Relations with the west and the US are improving despite the Kosovo situation.
Flag of Serbia
The Flag of Serbia uses the traditional Slavic Red, Blue, White Tricolour. The current flag was adopted in 2010 after a slight change to the eagle, which is the historic emblem of the Serbs.