Revision:Tudors - power of parliament and power of the monarchy

HENRY VII

  • Used Parliament for legitimacy
  • Summoned parliament 5 times in his first 10years.
  • Exclusion of Rivals, Acts of attainder.
  • 1490’s – 1509 Parliament met rarely

 

HENRY VIII

  • Split with Rome
  • Reformation parliament led to King in Parliament.
  • Transfer of monastic lands
  • Legitimacy on succession
  • Religious doctrine
  • Privy council (THOMAS CROMWELL)

 

EDWARD VI & MARY I

  • Act of uniformity 1549
  • Right of parliament to agree with (something missing from my notes any clues)
  • Debating religious doctrines and beliefs
  • “THE DEVICE”
  • Factionalism Paget Vs Gardiner
  • Recatholicisation of England and heresy bill

 

ELIZABETH I

  • Privy council important
  • Succession
  • Freedom of speech 1559
  • Puritan choir/house of Lords
  • War with Spain – parliamentary subsidies.

 

BY 1603

  • Parliamentary statute became the only legitimate form of law for changes to the country’s religion and it’s succession. Royal proclamations were no longer as sufficiently legitimate to bring about these changes
  • The idea of the “King in Parliament” had developed and become an established principle of government.
  • Parliament’s financial hold over the crown increased. It made monarchs dependent on it’s parliamentary subsidies and by 1603 was effectively blocking the crown’s abilities to raise money independently.
  • Parliament’s ability to oppose crown policy had developed. Although it chose not to use this power extensively, it had developed the potential to in future…
  • Parliaments involvement in religion, the succession and foreign policy grew so significantly that the crown was no longer able to conduct these policies without parliamentary support

BUT…

  • The crown still largely controlled parliament through it’s use of patronage and the privy council and also by retaining the power to define the issues it could discuss and the power to summon and dissolve parliament at will…

Power of the Monarchy

KEY IDEAS

  • Acts of supremacy
  • Acts of uniformity
  • King in parliament
  • Plots
  • Chief ministers
  • Succession (acts of)
  • Regents
  • Marriage links
  • Law courts
  • Royal courts
  • Loyal estates

 

HENRY VII

  • “NEW MONARCHY” with emphasis on financial independence for the crown.
  • Treaty of etaples.
  • Rebellion: Cornish (1497) and another in 1489 ?
  • Crown lands and Trade
  • Confiscation of land when nobles die
  • Acts of attainder
  • Star chamber

 

HENRY VIII

  • Amicable grant
  • Reformation parliament (1532-34)
  • Revolution in government – act of supremacy
  • The pilgrimage of grace (1536)
  • Henrician reformation – dissolution of the monasteries
  • Act of Supremacy
  • King in Parliament
  • WOLSEY – amicable grant and debasing of coinage.
  • CROMWELL – rev. in government, privy council, centralising of royal power
  • Wars with France (finance)

 

EDWARD VI & MARY I

  • Regency
  • Duke of Somerset (Seymour)
  • Duke of Northumberland (Dudley)
  • The Device
  • Act of uniformity (1549)
  • The book of rates
  • Wyatts rebellion (1549)
  • Marriage to Philip of spain
  • Power of nobility increased at the expense of the Crown under Seymour
  • Recatholicisation

 

ELIZABETH I

  • Religious settlement
  • Chief ministers (cecils both Robert and William)
  • Puritan threats
  • Foreign threats
  • Mary queen of Scots
  • Freedom of speech
  • Excommunication (what date was that again lol) - 25th Feb 1570

Comments

These notes are aimed at Edexcel A Level history students.

Originally written by Ryanm8865 on TSR Forums.