Mathematics revision solutions

Solutions

M0001

 

Recall that  factorises to .

 

Put both fractions over a common denominator.

 

Expand out all terms on the top.

 

Factorise the numerator.

 

Cancel the factor of (x+3).

 

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0002

 

Subtract 3 from both sides and factorise.

 

Now sketch the graph of . This is a parabola through (-3,0) and (1,0), with a minimum at x=-1.

You are trying to find all the regions in which . These should be  and .

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0003

 

We let  as the question suggests. Then .

Now substitute these into the differential equation,

 and divide through by  to get .

Now calculate the Integrating Factor: 

Multiplying the whole differential equation by the IF, we get 

Now we spot that the LHS of the equation is equal to .

So  and hence .

Now we can multiply through by  to see that .

Recalling that , we now write 

Integrating, we arrive at the solution.

 

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0004

 

Differentiate once by using the quotient rule.

 

Now simplify:

 

And differentiate again, using the quotient rule.

 

Note that this differentiation also requires the use of the product rule:

 

Finally, simplify and cancel a factor of (x-1).

 

M0005

The trick here is to use multiple applications of the chain rule, very carefully.

 

Unparseable or potentially dangerous latex formula. Error 4: no dvi output from LaTeX. It is likely that your formula contains syntax errors or worse.

=\frac{\frac{d}{dx}\left(x+\sqrt{x^{2}+1}\right)}{x+\sqrt{x^{2} +1}

Unparseable or potentially dangerous latex formula. Error 4: no dvi output from LaTeX. It is likely that your formula contains syntax errors or worse.

=\frac{1+\frac{d}{dx}(x^2+1)^{\frac{1}{2}}}{x+\sqrt{x^{2} +1}

 

Now we simplify.

 

Both the numerator and denominator should be multiplied by .

 

On the denominator there is a factor of  that can be taken out, leaving a common factor to be cancelled through.

 

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0006

We are told that .

Applying H to both sides, we see that . Similarly, .

You are expected to spot that if H is applied an odd number of times, it is equivalent to H(y), and if it is applied an even number of times, it is equivalent to y.

Thus  80 times is y, and 81 times is H(y).

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0007

Initially the particle has acceleration a = (6t - 10).

We can integrate to find velocity: v = 3t2 - 10t + c.

Initially the velocity is 3 ms-1, so c = 3.

Now integrating again, we calculate distance: x = t3 - 5t2 + 3t + d

The particle begins at O, so d = 0.

We need to find the distance travelled in the first 2 seconds. However, this is not as simple as substituting t = 2 into the equation for x.

If we factorise the velocity, v = (3t-1)(t-3), we find that v=0 when t= 1/3 or 3.

So having travelled a certain distance, at t= 1/3 the particle turns around and comes back.

The total distance it travels is thus the distance travelled when t = 1/3, added to the distance travelled between then and when t = 2.

Dist = 

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0008

 

Recall that 

So we need to find some  such that .

Equating coefficients:

sin(x):  [1]

cos(x):  [2]

[1]2+[2]2:  so .

[1] / [2]:  so 

So we need to solve 

This is easy, provided we remember not to lose any solutions.

 so  for any .

Thus 

There are many other ways of approaching this question, and these are listed on the thread linked below.

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0009

 

This is an exact first order differential equation of the form . It should be solved using the Integrating Factor method.

IF: 

Multiply both sides of the differential equation by the integrating factor.

 

Unparseable or potentially dangerous latex formula. Error 4: no dvi output from LaTeX. It is likely that your formula contains syntax errors or worse.

\frac{d}{dx}\left(\frac{y}{(\tan^2\frac{x}{2})}\right) = \frac{1}{{\tan\frac{x}{2}}

Now integrate both sides, and simplify:

 

 

 

Discussion on TSR Mathematics Forum

M0010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foci coordinates is (ae,0)

 

 

Therefore (rt3,0) is the foci.

Okay so Q is the intersection of the line SP and the line perpendicular to the tangent at P.

Equation of SP

 

Passes through (rt3,0)

 

Equation of line perpendicular to the tangent at P.

The gradient of any tangent to an ellipse is 

Therefore

 

So the perpendicular gradient is [tex]\large \frac{2\sqrt3sin\theta}{3cos\theta} </tex>

Passes through (0,0)

Therefore

 

Okay so Q is the intersection of these two equations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 First part of the parametric equation.

Rearrange  to get x on its own.

 

Sub this into 

 

 

 

 

Unparseable or potentially dangerous latex formula. Error 4: no dvi output from LaTeX. It is likely that your formula contains syntax errors or worse.

y = -\frac{\frac{3sin\theta}{2cos\theta-1}}{1-\frac{3cos\theta}{2(2cos\theta-1)}

 

So!

 

 

Finally Locus of Q

 

 

Okay if the parametric equation gives us a circle,

The diameter is going to cross the x axis twice and therefore when y = 0

so

 

 

 

At these point

 

 

Therefore diameter is  and therefore radius is 

Therefore 

Its a circle shifted root 3 to the left.

 

Now to test that the parametric equation does satisfy this cartesian equation. We sub the values in.

 

 

 

 

 

therefore

Subbing x and y into the cartesian equation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This means that it can be clearly seen that

 

Thus, the parametric equation

 

 

Does satisfy the equation  and therefore must represent a circle. This means that the locus of Q must be a circle.