The Best A-levels that will get you onto THE best degrees

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Core Medicine/Dentistry/Veterinary subjects: Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Maths. GCSE French - UCL

You need empathy: ability and willingness to imagine the feelings of others and understand the reasons for the views of others, Motivation: a reasonably well-informed and strong desire to practise medicine, Communication: ability to make knowledge and ideas clear using language appropriate to the audience (i.e. Debating/Drama/Blogs), Honesty and integrity, Ethical awareness, Ability to work with others, Capacity for sustained and intense work - Problem-solving: critical thinking, analytical approach, Intellectual curiosity: keenness to understand the reason for observations; depth; tendency to look for meaning; enthusiasm and curiosity in science, and Communication skills: willingness and ability to express clearly and effectively; ability to listen; compatibility with tutorial format; and Likely contribution to university life ie sport, etc. Need to show: Capacity to deal with stressful situations, Evidence of commitment to NHS constitution values, and Evidence of working as a leader & team member.

Core Engineering: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry/Design & Technology, and Further Maths

  • - Engineering subjects offer the best career and salary, especially after an Engineering/technical degree

Core Medicine and Dentistry subjects: Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Maths – all 4 are required subjects

Core Law & Social Science subjects: Maths, Further Math/Chemistry/Physics, History/English Lit, & French

  • - The only Social Science degrees to do are Law, Real Estate Investment, and Economics.

Core Built Environment subjects: Maths, Physics, Chemistry, and Geography. These A-levels will enable you go onto any Built Environment degree. They will give you the essential foundation knowledge to do very well.

Core Science and Maths subjects: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Computer Sci./Further Maths

  • - Science and Maths subjects offer very good teaching, academic and research careers in universities.

Core Arts and Humanities subjects: History, English Literature, French/German/Italian/Art & Design, AND Maths or Computer Sci. or Physics (a Science subject at A-level increases the range of careers open to you).

Core Architecture/Design subjects: Physics/Maths, Art & Design, History, and Language (French or Italian).

You need to show a passion for your subject area – creativity, innovative, experimental, history & a portfolio

So where can A-levels in these subjects take you. Quite literally anywhere and any career. Don't believe me then read on.

The very best subjectsto study at undergraduate level in order are(due to consistent demand, good salaries, and stable career):

NB Subjects 1-3 offer the most career options. All of the courses listed below offer the very best career options you can have. Best ones are practical or a mix of practical and theoretical. Avoid the ones that are just theoretical – very poor employment.

Remember universities ARE businesses and they have a vested interest in filling places on their courses – Caveat emptor!! All the ones below are THE BEST you can do.

(1ai) Engineering- Civil, Mechanical, Elec Eng & Comp Sci, Chemical, and Electrical (Key areas). Aim for: Oxford, Cambridge, ICL, UCL, Durham, Manchester, Birmingham, KCL, QUB, Cardiff, Southampton, Bath, Leeds, Bristol, Sheffield, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Nottingham, or Swansea. Other areas are: Energy, Sustainability & environment, Information & computer, Instrumentation & control, Nuclear, Manufacturing, Thermofluids & Turbomachinery, Bioengineering, Material Science & Engineering, Structural, or Aerospace. Aim for Oxbridge, ICL, UCL, Bristol, Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield, & Nottingham.

Met Office - Marine Systems Engineering Industrial Placement you will need to be someone who: Is studying for an undergraduate degree with significant electronic, light mechanical design and programming which MUST incorporate a placement year (i.e. sandwich course) a keen interest in engineering in general an ability and a willingness to work at sea.

Also, look at doing Summer Placements or Industrial Placements at the National Physical Laboratories (NPL) in Teddington.

Management Consultancies (Bain, BCG, McKinsey, PWC, etc) – love Engineering and Technology graduates with MSc in Econ.

(1aii) Computer Science with Mathematics/Physics/Electrical Engineering/Philosophy/Management Science – Oxford, Cambridge, UCL, Imperial, Durham, KCL, Southampton, Bristol, Sheffield, Birmingham, Nottingham, Leeds, and Manchester.

Note: Institutions offering Cyber Security must be accredited by NCSC (GCHQ) – the best known ones are RHUL and Oxford.

(1aiii) Physics & Mathematics/Theoretical Physics - Imperial, Oxbridge, UCL, Durham, KCL, Nottingham, Bristol, Birmingham & Manchester. Key specialisations: Chemical, Nuclear, Reactor, Theoretical, Engineering, Isotope, Statistical & Material– PhD

(1aiv) Physics with Meteorology – Key universities are: Edinburgh, Southampton or Imperial College – best ones in the UK

Climate Analyst Industrial Placement at the Met Office you will need to be someone who: Is currently studying an undergraduate degree in a physical science or related subject which MUST incorporate a placement year (e.sandwich course). Has the ability to systematically analyse data from a variety of sources in addition to proactively investigating leads

Can communicate technical information clearly and concisely to a range of customers who have varying levels of technical understanding and express outcomes with consideration of uncertainties. Can also communicate information of interest in a factual but engaging manner for use in internal and external communications. Also, Reading – BSc in Environmental Physics

(1av) Physics with Biophysics/Biophysical Sci./Natural Science (Biology & Physics) – KCL, ICL, Durham, UCL and St Andrews.

(1avi) Physics and Music Performance – Imperial College London and Royal Academy of Music – Double Degree – Unique!!

(1avii) Engineering Mathematics – Bristol University – accredited by Institute of Mathematics and Institution of Engineering.

(1aviii) Materials Science & Engineering – Oxford, Imperial, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, QMUL, and Swansea

– A better degree route is to do either Natural Sciences (Chemistry and Physics), or Engineering – better career prospects.

(1b) Agricultural Engineering – Aim for either Queen’s University of Belfast or Harper Adams University. Both are excellent.

(1c) Mining Engineering or Engineering Geology and Geotechnics– Best is Camborne School of Mines at University of Exeter.

(1d) Automotive Engineering – Oxford, Bath, Surrey, Sussex, Loughborough, Southampton, Birmingham, Ox Brooks & Leeds.

(1e) Design Engineering – Imperial, Glasgow or Cambridge, Engineering Maths – Bristol, & Engineering Physic – Loughborough

(1f) Acoustical Engineering (application of acoustics - the science of sound and vibration) – Southampton (Mech. Eng. degree)

(1g) Marine Engineering – Southampton, Solent (Warsash Maritime Coll.), Newcastle, Strathclyde, Aberdeen, LJMU, and RGU.

Warsash Cadetship – FdDeg courses: Marine Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Marine Engineering, and Marine Operations

(1h) Ship Science/Marine Architecture – Best are Southampton, Strathclyde, Newcastle, and University college London (UCL).

CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva Switzerland – Summer Student Programme, Administration Placement, or Technical Student Programme - If you’re an undergraduate in Applied Physics, Engineering or Computing and are looking for a practical training period or a place to complete your final project, you could spend 4 to 12 months at CERN during the course of your studies (Bachelor or Master). Also consider doing work at the Weizmann in Israel - research roles.

Best Universities: Cambridge, Oxford, Imperial, UCL, Manchester, Leeds, Newcastle, Southampton, Bristol, Birmingham, Durham, KCL, Sheffield, Nottingham, Cardiff, Bath, QUB, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Warwick, St Andrews, QMUL, L’boro and Exeter

Engineering vs Maths vs Computer Science vs Physics – Engineering is the most highly rated, employable and the most useful.

Avoid Engineering Management degrees as they are no way near as well-regarded as the above degrees regardless the univ.

The 3 Key A-levels to take are Mathematics, Further Mathematics (mechanics & pure mathematics), and Physics + Chemistry.

Engineering: Russell (Oxbridge, Durham, ICL, UCL, KCL, Liverpool, Manchester, Southampton, Sheffield, Newcastle, & Leeds)

Employers and universities are looking for some sort of evidence that you know what you are doing, that you've done something on your own, something hard, for example that you pushed through a capstone project in the Self Driving Car Engineer course. Something that tells me that you won’t bail out after 3 months ie passion for subject and commitment to it

Do a Short-Service Commission in the REME, Royal Signals, RAF, or Royal Navy, as this will give you a good start to your life, then try and a job in GCHQ, MI6, MI5, or for a technical organisation – avoid FMCG or consumer focused businesses i.e. retail

(2a) Law/Jurisprudence – three routes (i) A degree in English Law and French Law (Maitrise) from KCL, QMUL, Exeter, Leeds, and UCL, or an LLB in English Law with French Law – aim to study at either the Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas or Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne – the best. (ii) A law degree (BA/LLB) from Oxford, Cambridge, KCL, UCL, Durham, Bristol, Nottingham, Exeter, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Reading, Sussex, Newcastle, Southampton, Warwick, Sheffield, Birkbeck, Cardiff, UEA, RHUL or Kent then LPC/BVC, or (iii) Via one of the above degrees (1-5), with 5 years’ work experience in your chosen profession or industry, then go into a legal career via the College of Law’s conversion course (CPE) or Senior Status LLB (Oxford/UCL/KCL), then a Diploma in law at City, University of Law, Westminster, Oxford Brookes, Cardiff or BPP, as this will ensure that you understand niche technical and nuances. Post-grad: Oxford, Cambridge, UCL, KCL, Durham, Bristol, and College of Europe. Aim to become a Barrister. Your degree must meet the Law Society/Bar entry criteria. Also, look at postgraduate student in broadcast journalism at Cardiff University's Centre for Journalism Studies Aim to do holiday work at Liberty, a firm of solicitors/Barrister’s chambers – also patent office & pro bono legal centres. Look at PR or financial communications and College d’Europe – LLM in EU Law. Also, look at KCL for specialist LLM e.g. Construction Law.

If you want to study in USA aim for Harvard, Yale, Stanford, or Columbia – JD program. Also, University of California Berkeley.

UK Magic circle target list of universities: Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, Nottingham, Bristol, Exeter, Manchester, UCL, & KCL.

Non-law graduates earn 6% more than law grads, as they have a specialist knowledge that they can build on, i.e. Engineering, Finance/Economics. Computer Science, Medical, Pharmaceutical, Education & Real Estate

Regional firms prefer regional universities – target ones that are renowned for the area of law interested in.

City Law Firms: Oxbridge, Durham, Bristol, Exeter, Warwick, KCL, UCL, Nottingham, and LSE (in order).

Outside City: Birmingham, Bristol, Nottingham, Exeter, Sheffield, Manchester, Durham, Leeds, & Oxbridge

Consider specialising in Real Estate Law after degree at Oxbridge, Durham, UCL, KCL, Nottingham, Exeter, Warwick, or Bristol.

NOTE: London is a global legal hub only rivalled by New York. The prestige, the career opportunities, the money and the city itself combine to attract the brightest, hungriest and most gumptious (energetic, industrious. enterprising - marked by imagination, initiative, and readiness to undertake new projects) graduates. But the highest salaries in the business and top-notch commercial work also demand stamina and an appetite for long hours and hard work, more than any other city in UK.

Key legal careers to go into Intellectual Property/Patent, Taxation, Real Estate/Construction, Maritime, or Insurance/Surety.

3 x A-levels: History, Maths, Chemistry/Physics, English Lit,/French – give you the basics useful for LLB Law.

An essay subject can be helpful when completing this course but is not required for admission to a course.

(2b) Finance aim for Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial, LSE, Manchester, Durham, Exeter, Birmingham, Nottingham, UCL, Bristol, St Andrews, Newcastle, Cardiff, or Leeds. Aim to be an accountant (Chartered/ACCA). Look for work in London, or Australia.

3/4 x A-levels: History/Language, Maths, Further Maths, and Physics – give you the basics useful for Accounting. Maths A-level specialise in Statistics. Get work experience in holidays and keep a file or portfolio

*** Try and get onto one of the PWC or EY sponsored programmes at Newcastle, Manchester, or Reading***

(3ai) Medicine - Universities: Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Imperial, UCL, KCL, QUB, Manchester, Bristol, Liverpool, Newcastle, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, QMUL, Glasgow, Southampton, Nottingham, Cardiff, UEA, and St George’s London.

The key A-levels to study for medicine are Physics , Biology (not Human Biology) and Chemistry. PLUS GCSE French/German.

Also, note that KCL offers a 3year BDS for qualified doctors who have completed Foundation courses (year 1 & 2). It is specifically designed to support 7 qualified doctors wishing to pursue a career in oral & maxillofacial surgery or oral medicine.

Reading offers a Medical Science degree (Clinical & Medical Sciences pathway) designed for graduate entry to Medical School - Barts, Birmingham, Cambridge, Imperial, King's College London, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, Sheffield & Southampton

(b) Dental – Dental Surgery - specialise: Orthodontics, Maxifacial, Epidemiology, or Oral Surgery. Don’t do Dental Nursing

Universities to aim for: KCL, Birmingham, Bristol, QUB, Glasgow, Leeds, Newcastle, Manchester, QMUL, Sheffield & Cardiff.

(c) Veterinary Medicine - Veterinary Science, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Surgery, Veterinary Nursing. Focus on Equine (Race Horse Breeding, Race Horse Health and care, or Farm (breeding, health, and livestock health and well-being).

Target universities Royal Veterinary College, Cambridge, Nottingham, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Surrey & Harper Adam.

Medical & Veterinary Careers - You pick the university that fits your career plan, offers the intercalated course you want, does research in your area(s) of interest and has a good reputation. Don’t forget it must give you relevant work experience.

- Additional skills to have a working knowledge of are computer packages, statistics, data science, and public relations.

(di) Biomedical Sci – ICL, UCL, KCL, Birmingham, Newcastle, Cardiff, Oxford, Manchester, Bristol, Sheffield, UEA & Nottingham

Use this as a degree route into a Medical/Dentistry Degree – a good Honours degree (2.1/1st) - Oxbridge/UCL/ICL/KCL/Bristol

- BioMed Science explores the science of the human body and the causes and treatments of disease that affect people. Afterwards do a Senior Status BA/LLB at Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol, Exeter, Southampton, Leeds, Reading, LSE or Birmingham

There are many scientific career opportunities if you get a biomed degree, including doing a PhD and teaching at university.

Do not look at Pharmacology, Microbiology, Haematology, BioChemistry, or any other Bio Science degree as BioMed is best.

(dii) Bioveterinary Sci: RVC, Liverpool, Surrey or Glasgow, Bio Vet Sci. & Vet. Nurse: Bristol, or Animal Sci: Reading or N’castle

Use this degree as a route to a veterinary surgery degree – target courses offered by university offering the vet degree course

Key A-levels are Biology and Chemistry (essential), and one from Maths (Statistics Modules), Physics, or Geography (useful).

A-levels: A* in Biology or Human Biology, and A’s in Chemistry, and either Physics, Mathematics or Further Mathematics.

(e) Pharmacy – UCL, KCL, Manchester, Nottingham, Bath, Newcastle, QUB, Cardiff, Birmingham, Reading, UEA, and Keele.

NB Any of these universities will be a great place to study, so think about where you want to be for 4/5years, settle & work.

The key A-levels to study for medicine or any medical-related degree are Physics, Biology (not Human Biology) and Chemistry.

Do a Churchill Fellowship is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to expand your horizons and make a difference. It offers a grant for you to spend up to two months overseas, researching a topic of your choice – and then a lifetime relationship with us to help you spread the global insights that you bring back. You must have a passion for your project topic, for learning how to improve it and for making change happen. We fund UK citizens from all parts of society to research a practical topic overseas that can make a real difference to their community or profession when they come home. We award up to 150 of these Fellowships each year and selection is made on the potential of the applicant and the strength of their idea. A successful application must show us: An idea that can make a practical and worthwhile contribution to UK society, in any field whatsoever. A reason why the idea should be researched overseas, anywhere in the world. An applicant with the potential to make change happen, whoever they are and whatever their background. We need to see all of these: An idea that aims to solve a clearly stated need or issue in UK society, whether professionally, locally or nationally. An idea for which there are new approaches and solutions in projects you can visit overseas. An idea that is not already being implemented in the UK. clear sense of where and why the idea could be researched abroad (as opposed to in the UK or from your desk). A clear sense of how the idea could be translated into practical action on the applicant’s return from abroad.

(f) Nursing – KCL, Southampton, Manchester, Nottingham, Leeds, Cardiff, QUB, Sheffield, Birmingham, Liverpool, and Surrey.

(g) Optometry – Aston, Cardiff, Manchester, Ulster, UWE, Plymouth, City, Bradford, Hertfordshire, and Anglia Ruskin.

(h) Diagnostic Radiography – St George’s (SGUL), City, Brighton, Exeter, Leeds, Liverpool, Keele, Cardiff, UWE, and Plymouth.

(i) Physiotherapy – Southampton, Liverpool, KCL, UEA, Birmingham, Cardiff, Nottingham, SGUL, Leicester, Ulster, and Keele.

Key A-levels are Biology/Human Biology and Chemistry (essential subjects), and either Mathematics or Physics (useful).

(4a) Built Environment – Construction Management & Quantity Surveying, Building Surveying, Quantity Surveying & Construction Economics, Real Estate Investment & Finance, Planning, Commercial Management & Quantity Surveying, Construction Engineering Management, Civil/Architectural Engineering, Construction Management or Real Estate & planning

BEST DEGREES: Investment & Finance in Property at Reading, Land Economy at Cambridge, and Civil Engineering at Imperial.

Key universities: Reading, UCL, Sheffield, Cardiff, ICL, Cambridge, Oxford, QUB, Newcastle, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Bath, Loughborough, Liverpool, NTU, UWE, SHU, TU Dublin, Oxford Brookes, Swansea, BCU, UCD, and Ulster.

Think about doing a Real Estate degree first. The best ones are Land Economy at Cambridge Uni, or Real Estate at Reading, afterwards go to the best university that you can for a Senior Status BA/LLB ie Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol, Exeter, or B’ham.

Also, consider becoming an Estate Agent – after A-levels and then NAEA exams, or a Real Estate/Building Surveying degree.

NB If you are interested in Data and Customer Insight then do a Geographic Information Science (GIS) post-graduate course.

Ranking: Civil Engineering, Surveying (Building/Quantity)/Real Estate Investment & Finance, Planning, Construction Mangmt.

After graduating, with several friends buy & renovate properties in spare time, and sell or rent them to young professionals.

Real Estate and Built Environment degrees are better for employment and careers than management or marketing degrees.

(4b) Architecture: UCL, Cambridge, Manchester, Sheffield, Cardiff, Newcastle, Nottingham, Bath, Liverpool, AA, and Reading

Key to getting onto an Architecture course are: Your digital portfolio of art or design work (drawings/project synopsis/samples of work) should emphasise your skills, interests, creativity and personality. The portfolio should be 20-30 pages. It must include a selection of highlights of your work to impress the admission panel enough for them to want to invite you for an interview. For a Foundation sample portfolio, it is not mandatory to include projects related to Architecture. Please show a range of different work, displaying a diverse use of media (drawings, paintings, photos, models, digital work, etc). This can be from school and extra-curricular experiences (workshops/courses) or self-motivated projects. You can include projects that are still under development. Please, highlight if projects are individual or in-group (in this case, highlight which were your contributions). Please also demonstrate the process behind your work, e.g. sketches, drawings or development drawings/models, rather than just including final images. Your personal statement should highlight your skills and experience. You must have an enthusiasm for both the arts and the sciences. Creativity, curiosity and strong intellectual grounding combined with an ability to draw and interest in the history of art and architecture (form & function) are essential.

(4c) Architectural engineering – Reading, Loughborough, Nottingham, Bath, Leeds, Sheffield, Cardiff, Liverpool & Heriot-Watt

A love for the creative arts, experimentation and a desire to challenge preconceptions about architecture are essential. One project could be architecture in nature such as shells of crustacean (Nautilus, etc) and how geometry inspires their creativity.

Do not study a Geography degree as it is a nebulous academic degree that will not lead to any career path/professional qual. Better degree paths are Built Environment, Civil Engineering, Natural Science, Economics & History, or GIS (Newcastle / UCL).

Do Physics, Maths, Chemistry and Geography/Art & Design at A-level as they are the ideal combination of subjects for this career area. Art & Design is essential for you to become an Architect, as you need to have an art portfolio to show universities

(5) Education – (a) Primary QTS Durham, Sussex, Stirling, Reading, Roehampton, Northumbria, St Mary’s, and Brighton only

Key subjects to focus on: Mathematics, English, Science (Chemistry/Physics/Biology), Fine Art, & Music (demand rank order)

(b) Secondary – Do a degree in Engineering, C Sci., Chemistry, Biology, Physics, English, History, Lang., or Maths at a Russell (Oxbridge, Durham, ICL, UCL, KCL & Red Bricks (Birmingham, Bristol, Manchester, Sheffield, Newcastle, and Southampton)) university then do PGCE at Reading, Oxbridge, Exeter, Durham, Cantab, KCL, Birmingham, Bristol, UCL, Sussex or Nottingham.

There are three critical components of the teaching environment in schools at any level (to avoid being a poor teacher):

"The first is the analysis of the material to be learned. If the analysis is correct, teaching is easier and the subsequent learning of the pupil ensured." "The second is isolating and structuring the most useful information to teach so that there is a logical progression in the skills, knowledge and concepts taught. Easier skills are taught before more difficult ones and useful information is taught before less useful information. In this context useful information is defined in terms of its generalisability and wider applicability." and "The third component of the learning environment is determining the best way of presenting skills, knowledge and concepts to students so that learning is facilitated. Be positive & motivational too.

Some Science and Maths teachers go into teaching after doing a BSc/MMath and PhD/DPhil & often work at top UK schools

Be careful as some Education degrees do not lead to a teaching qualification, but are just a degree focused on social sciences.

(c) University – You need a PhD (+ p/t lecturing) Physics, Economics, Engineering, Medicine, Stats, Law, or Comp Sci. only.

Education (teaching, lecturing & research) are the most stable careers you can do. BUT only a few key subjects are useful).

(6) The Other STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths)degree subjects to go for are (all are excellent for career):

Go for a generic STEM degree so you can turn it into something else later depending on how the economy develops. People who do degrees in Business Maths or Finance can’t.

All the degrees below lead to academic careers for which you will need to do a PhD at a top 10 UK university.

(a) Chemistry – ICL, Durham, Oxford, Cambridge, Manchester, UCL, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Nottingham, KCL, & Leeds

Do Chemistry as Natural Science degree at Cambridge, Leeds, UCL, Exeter, Nottingham, Southampton, Durham, or at Bath.

Chemistry/Chemical Engineering – Go into Brewing, Distilling, Perfumes, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals, Insurance or Finance.

Also, consider University of Reading’s Chemistry with Cosmetic Science or UAL’s MSC Cosmetic Sciences degree – accredited.

(bi) Maths & Statistics - Oxbridge, UCL, Durham, Imperial, Nottingham, LSE, Manchester, Birmingham, KCL, Leeds and Bristol

Universities are looking for students who demonstrate the following characteristics, skills and attributes: - an ability to apply logic, quantitative aptitude and the ability to follow complex lines of mathematical reasoning. an ability to be creative and flexible in approaching problems, an ability to think independently and ask questions, good communication skills, intellectual curiosity and a motivation and capacity for hard work. Hobbies and interests that show interest in this is encouraged.

(bii) Maths & Meteorology – Key universities are: Reading, Exeter, University of East Anglia (UEA), and Liverpool in the UK.

(c) BioChemistry/Biology & Computer.Sci/Maths/Physics, or Economics – Durham, Oxbridge, ICL, KCL, St Andrews, Birmingham, Bristol, Sheffield, Nottingham, Manchester, RVC, Leeds, QUB, or UCL. In selecting mathematics undergraduates, universities seek 3 qualities: (1) Mathematical knowledge and skills - Students should have suitable background knowledge in mathematics, on track to start a degree course. Students must also have good general skills in mathematics to be able to apply their knowledge in solving problems. (2) Mathematical ability and talent - Students should have the ability to think mathematically. This includes having the creativity to make connections between different mathematical ideas, and the flexibility to understand new concepts quickly and use them to solve challenging problems. (3) Motivation for studying mathematics - Students should have the commitment to study mathematics at university level, and be ready to work hard and persevere. Considerable interest in and enthusiasm for stats is important expressed in your hobbies, interest & in school.

(d)Economics: Oxford, Cambridge, UCL, Durham or LSE. Philosophy, Politics & Economics (PPE): Oxford, Durham, UCL or LSE

(e) Geography – Study either Natural Sciences, Economics & History, Real Estate, Engineering Geology, or Civil Engineering as these degrees offer more job opportunities than Geography which is mix of them anyway and is considered a lesser degree

- Remember the weaker the degree subject you take then the better the uni you have to attend to stand out as exceptional.

(f) Psychology – Oxford, Durham, Manchester, Bristol, Leeds, Birmingham, University College UCL), or Loughborough – only go to these universities. You should only do a degree focused on Educational Psychology – as its highly employable in the UK.

- Remember the weaker the degree subject you take then the better the uni you have to attend to stand out as exceptional.

Myth Buster: STEM subjects are some of the most creative subjects you can do, and alumni even become writers – HG Wells.

(A-levels Essential: Maths. Desirable: Further Maths (incl. Stats modules), Physics. Useful preparation: Economics or History.

Aim to work at Bank of England, HM Treasury, British Embassy in Washington, 10 Downing Street policy unit, and World Bank

At university learn how to develop jokes and dramas based on observations using Economics as the lens for them – 180 view

Aim to do a PhD in a STEM subject, as that way you will have the possibility of an academic career in UK or international uni. Ideally try and do your PhD at your current university, especially if it is one of the Top 5 – many more opportunities afterwards

(7ai) English – Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol, Durham, UCL, Leeds, St Andrews, Exeter, Birmingham, Sheffield, Manchester, Reading, QMUL, RHUL, Cardiff, Sussex, Southampton, Nottingham, Newcastle, Liverpool, QUB, Kent, and KCL. Degree: English & Politics, English & History, English & Film, English & Theatre, English & Art, or English & Language. Key thing there should be a module on screenwriting/scriptwriting, and an active writing, film, and drama culture. Aim to be President of a Debating Union, or student journalist for a radio station, TV, or for any of the printed media, or in the student drama club – as a scriptwriter and an actor. Create short films and post online. When graduate aim to do either Film & Media at London Film School, NFTS, Acting (RADA) or be a journalist (Highbury Coll., City or Cardiff), or be a teacher at either Primary or Secondary. Do not study at any other universities. Try to study abroad - Jagiellonian University or Charles University. Dream, be creative, be fun, love it, & live it. Use your course and the knowledge you gain to update and reinterpret texts and plays – relevance to now. Create short films – learn to plan, create scripts & film it – put onto YouTube. Do part-time/holiday jobs in BBC or Pinewood Studios. Learn to be creative – imagine a superhero counselling service, reinterpret novels/plays – vampires/aliens. Create online free short graphic series about your central character. Just imagine Jane Austen’s characters as superheroes.

Use short stories, re-interpret them, and then create short films of plays. Also, create comedies for the Edinburgh Fringe- it will get you noticed – c.30mins long – weird, wacky, intriguing, radical, anarchic, interesting, 180 degree view of the world. Create 5 min videos and post them on YouTube – look at the world through a different lens – challenge conventions-comedy.

If you are doing English & Art then try persuading your student newspaper to publish your cartoons and save it – portfolio.

Note: Royal Holloway & NFTS have a Centre for Immersive Storytelling (virtual, mixed, and augmented reality technologies).

Legal – Afterwards do a Senior Status Law degree at Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, UCL, KCL, LSE, Sussex, Exeter, or Reading.

PR – Political Lobbyist – Need to be capable of detailed analysis, good writer, a showman, & able to engage with audiences. Many who go into this area start as Political Journalists for newspapers/mags, and then build up their network of contacts. #1 degree for this are History / English Lit with French/German/Russian/Arabic – Oxbridge, UCL, KCL, St A, Bristol or Durham.

(7aii) Drama – RADA is best one. ALRA, ArtsEd, Bristol Old Vic, Drama Studio London, East 15, Guildhall School, Italia Conti, Rose Bruford, Royal Birmingham Conservatoire, GSA, MMU, & Central School of Speech & Drama. Top 3 in the UK and renowned globally: RADA, LAMDA and Guildhall School of Music & Drama. Next best RCSSD, Italia Conti, and Bristol Old Vic.

Do Drama after you have had some experience of life e.g. Armed Forces, Real Estate Agent, Lawyer or Teacher (i.e. 2-3 years).

(7aiii) Film & Media – Aim to go to the National Film and Television School at Beaconsfield or London Film School aim to work in the USA, and build a portfolio of media projects (short films, work experience, blogs, etc – you need to show a passion for the sector. Applicants will display a talent and passion for screenwriting, a fund of ideas and the desire to tell stories for the screen. They may have written in other forms - plays, novels, short stories, journalism – or already have a body of work, but whatever their experience, must demonstrate an original voice with something to say. Professional experience in any field is an advantage, work in film, TV or theatre, or allied creative arts. A sound general knowledge of film, TV and theatre writing is expected, as well as a high level of self-discipline and personal motivation. Applicants will be required to send an example of their writing - 20 pages of a screenplay. (Also, look at Illustration, Animation, or Art & English - undergraduate).

Journalism – You need to develop a ‘writing voice’ that speaks to people, rather being patronisingly middle class – connection.

You need to be dedicated and patient. When you start off, it is unlikely that you would be making a sufficient amount of income.Study English Lit or History, use your spare time to build a portfolio, this is one of the most important things to help get clients.The sector is changing and new entrants work as freelancers for several media companies (print & broadcast).

- You need to aim to do PGCE, Journalism (Cardiff, City or Highbury), or the Law Society/The Bar via a CPE then do LPC/BVC.

Aim to do work experience at The Spectator, New Statesman, Centre for Investigative Journalism, Airwars, PR firms & BBC.

(7aiv) Marketing, Advertising & Copywriting - Professional Development Diploma in Art Direction and Copywriting at West Herts College in Watford. It has a very strong pedigree and was founded in 1961. It is widely recognised by the advertising profession and is referred to as the ‘The Oxbridge of Advertising’. The course is internationally renowned and applications are received from students all over the world. Copywriters are expected to have a minimum of two A Levels. Art directors should have an HND or degree in Graphic Design or a related subject. Only other one to consider is UAL LCC’s BA Advertising.

Do not look to do a Marketing degree at either Bachelor or Masters level, as these degrees are not rated by any employers.

(7b) History &/with Economics/European language – Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, LSE, Southampton, Nottingham, KCL, UCL, Exeter, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds or Bristol. History teaches you to do research, evaluate sources, synthesis facts, then discuss them. (NB History is a better degree than International Relations, Geography, Lit. Hum., Politics, or Sociology.)

Note - it’s not so much about what you got your degree in, it’s what you can do with it. History and English degrees are generally well received. History and English majors can communicate and write clearly and efficiently. And they also have an ability to creatively analyse data. These skills are key in diverse careers such as journalism and marketing, especially in digital and communications. Journalism, Film, and Marketing are all about the way in which words and images influence people. History is all about facts and information which is why graduates in History have such varied careers when they graduate.

English or History – Go for History with English Literature, as it will give you many more career avenues to go down and skills.

History & Economics is THE BEST social science degree you can do. Aim for Oxford, Leeds, Manchester, KCL, Reading and LSE

It is a far better degree than Sociology, Geography, Archaeology, Anthropology, Psychology, Marketing, PR, or Management.

Legal – Afterwards do a Senior Status Law degree at Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, UCL, KCL, LSE, Sussex, Exeter, or Reading.

Many of the country’s FTSE 100 Chief Financial Officers (CFOs) have studied Economic History or History & Economics at Uni.

Other career areas to consider are the military, diplomatic corp, university research, or becoming a secondary school teacher

A-Levels: highly recommended for candidates to have History & Mathematics PLUS Language/English/Physic/Further Maths.

(8) Modern Languages – There are five key languages to learn; French, German, Arabic/Farsi, Russian & Mandarin they are useful. Key: St Andrews, Durham, Oxford, Cambridge, Exeter, Bristol, Leeds, Edinburgh, SOAS, Manchester and Nottingham.

(a) Russian & History: Oxford, St Andrews, Bristol, Glasgow, Edinburgh, University College London (UCL) (b) Chinese (Mandarin) & History - St Andrews, SOAS, Leeds, Durham, LSE, Edinburgh, Manchester, Sheffield and Nottingham (c) French & Chemistry/Economics - Imperial, UCL, Birmingham, St Andrews, Durham, Leeds, Nottingham, Newcastle and Bristol. (d) European & Oriental Languages – Cambridge, Oxford, Durham, St Andrews, Leeds, UCL, KCL, Bristol, Birmingham & Sheffield.

You need to be a student journalist , a member of the Conservative Society, and also try to join the University Air Squadron

(e) Japanese/Russian/Mandarin & Economics – SOAS, Leeds, Cardiff, and UCL. A-levels: Maths, Modern Language & History

- Aim for a diplomatic (FCO), intelligence (RAF, MI5, MI6, or GCHQ), teaching, or journalism (BBC, ITV, or Spectator) career.

(9) (a) Graphic Design - (UAL – LCC/Camberwell/Chelsea/CSM), Goldsmiths, Glasgow Sch. of Art, Loughborough, Reading, Leeds, Dundee (afterwards do the MDes in Comics & Graphic Novels), Kingston, Brighton, Leeds, Newcastle, & Edin Coll. of Art. A-levels in English, History, & Art & Design –Do not consider any other institutes. While studying publish online graphic novels (with your experimental characters & plots). Use the world around you as inspiration, Do it for free & grow fanbase. Themeistory/spying/crime/science/environment/space/time/Myths&Legends/terrorism/class/war/racism/sexism/agism

(aii) Art & English – Reading, Aberystwyth or Lancaster – The best artists create a story for their art e.g. Stan Lee (Marvel Comics) had both art (Illustration) and writing skills. Use what you study in English Literature/Creative Writing. Learn to use your art and learn to write screenplays/short stories and create short films. "it's more important that you go off and learn what to make movies about than how to make movies." – JJ Abrams’ father. Look at French New Wave cinema – Claude Chabral, Jean-Luc Godard, Jacques Rivette, Eric Rohmer, and Francois Truffaut. The movement was characterized by its rejection of traditional filmmaking conventions in favor of experimentation and a spirit of iconoclasm. New Wave filmmakers explored new approaches to editing, visual style, and narrative, as well as engagement with the social and political upheavals of the era, often making use of irony or exploring existential themes. Their cinema came from the film makers who did not go through any normal procedure of being assistant to directors. The common practices and characteristics of nouvelle vague films are: Low Budget, Location shot films, Free style editing, loosely constructed narrations, spontaneity & Non politicized.

(b) Illustration – Dundee, UAL (CSA/LCC), Brighton, Middlesex, Kingston, and Westminster – A-levels – Art & Design, English, and History. Universities are looking for highly motivated and creative students. We will consider you on an individual basis. Your portfolio is the most important and mandatory part of your application. They look for: An ability to explore, articulate and develop ideas, An ability to research information and visual material to support your ideas, Your portfolio to demonstrate a range of appropriate skills and technical abilities, An ability to communicate your ideas visually, verbally and in writing, An ability to self-direct and evaluate your own work, Making your application Portfolio advice You should show evidence of research, the development of ideas and problem solving Portfolios should include work that shows the application of imagery within a design and illustration context. It is important to include sketch books. These help us to see your working process and indicate your developing research interests and influences. Please remember: The quality of the work is more important than the quantity Where possible, large or 3D work should be photographed and scanned To organise your work by project, with supporting work presented alongside final outcomes. Passion for graphic design novel creation is one for your portfolio.

Applicants will be asked to provide no more than 40 images, to include a balance of initial sketches or worksheets as well as more resolved final artwork. You will be asked to include a short sentence on each page so that we can understand how the work relates to a project or theme. Include links to blogs, any moving image work and/or personal websites – creative story.

Postgraduate study aim to do MDes in Comics & Graphic Novels at Dundee, or further design courses at UAL, RCA, or Brighton

(c) Animation – UWE, UAL, Brighton, Westminster, UCA, Bournemouth, Middlesex, AUB, MMU and Edinburgh College of Art Also look at post-graduate courses at National Film and Television School in Beaconsfield - Digital effects or Cinematography

Put your own animations on YouTube and make it free to access, so that people will watch it, like it, and send it to friends.

(d) Silversmithing and Jewellery Design – UAL (CSM & LCF), GSA, BCU, UCA, Middlesex, Hertfordshire, SHU, and Dundee.

(e) Horology (Watch Making) - Birmingham City University (BCU) - Birmingham Institute for Art and Design – best in the UK.

(f) Costume Design – Guildhall school of M&D, UAL (WCA/LCF/CSM), RCSSD, AUB, Rose Bruford, MET, and RADA (post-grad).

(g) Bespoke tailoring – UAL’s London College of Fashion – Only degree in this subject in Europe. High demand for its graduates

(h) Design – Regardless of the chosen niche/specialism – only look at University of Arts London – CSM, LCF, Chelsea, and LCC.
Badges: 22
Report 3 months ago
(Original post by Dean8811!)
Core Medicine and Dentistry subjects: Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Maths – all 4 are required subjects...
Sorry but for Medicine this is simply not true.

There is a thread specifically made for Medicine A-Level subject queries:

Only (a few colleges of) Cambridge requires 3 science A-Level subjects; all other med schools do not. Indeed many med schools will consider a non-science 3rd A-Level to show that you are well rounded.

4 A-Levels will also not give you any benefit at the majority of med schools so it is not recommended by us,
Last edited by ecolier; 3 months ago
Badges: 21
Report 3 months ago
Warwick mentioned for engineering and law but not economics or maths, que. Would say that Bath and Lancaster (for stats especially) generally come out better over some of the others listed, too.
Last edited by _gcx; 3 months ago
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Report 3 months ago
(Original post by _gcx)
Warwick mentioned for engineering and law but not economics or maths, que.
I was going to mention Warwick too, but for life sciences. It has a very good rep and is quite prestigious for many of its subjects.
Badges: 21
Report 3 months ago
Physics and maths are not required subjects for dentistry. Chemistry and biology are generally the required subjects but there are at least 3 dental schools which will accept one of chemistry OR biology + one other science (chemistry, biology, physics or maths).

Please verify the information you put out first.

Edit: I’ve just read the rest of the stuff for dentistry. There are a lot more specialties than have been specified and it should be noted that OMFS requires a medical degree too.
Furthermore there are no “dental schools to aim for” - all courses are GDC accredited. Students should pick their dental school according to teaching style, and other services and aspects of the university that caters to the student’s individual needs.
Last edited by Mesopotamian.; 3 months ago
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Report 3 months ago
(Original post by hiiiii1)
I was going to mention Warwick too, but for life sciences. It has a very good rep and is quite prestigious for many of its subjects.
I wasn't actually aware of how many subjects Warwick is considered good/"top" in before coming here. (and seeing people harp on about Warwick being a top uni on fb lol) Thought it was just econ/maths/business, but other subjects are very strong too.
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Report 3 months ago
(Original post by _gcx)
I wasn't actually aware of how many subjects Warwick is considered good/"top" in before coming here. (and seeing people harp on about Warwick being a top uni on fb lol) Thought it was just econ/maths/business, but other subjects are very strong too.
It's usually top 10 on league tables - I know they are not always the most reliable source, but it certainly shows that it's up there in terms of prestige.
Badges: 22
Report 3 months ago
(Original post by Dean8811!)
Er, wow. Full points for effort I guess.

Clearly, I have not read all of it (i wonder who would...). Some kind of statement at the beginning as to what your aims are, why you've made this, what kinds of sources you've used, would've been really useful.

Did you write all of this yourself? Because some parts of it come across as quite odd, and other bits that I've read are just flatly inaccurate. And it casts doubt about the whole thing. For example...

Core Medicine and Dentistry subjects: Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Maths – all 4 are required subjects.
No they're not. Check any uni website.

... PLUS GCSE French/German.
What? One uni states a preference for a language GCSE, and it certainly doesn't specify that only French or German are acceptable languages! :laugh: Where are you pulling this stuff from?

...compatibility with tutorial format
Er, what tutorial format? Is this whole section copied and pasted from an Oxford course description? That's ok if so, but needs a source. If its just made up, well only a handful of med schools call any of their teaching 'tutorials', and its only really Oxford that talks about 'suitability' for tutorials.

3ai) Medicine - Universities: Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Imperial, UCL, KCL, QUB, Manchester, Bristol, Liverpool, Newcastle, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, QMUL, Glasgow, Southampton, Nottingham, Cardiff, UEA, and St George’s London.
That's a completely not comprehensive list of med schools. Are you saying those are the ones you think are good? Because that is not clear. On what basis?

Reading offers a Medical Science degree (Clinical & Medical Sciences pathway) designed for graduate entry to Medical School
Lots of unis offer degrees that are similar, don't know why you've picked out that one out of all biomed/medical science degrees.

And I've only looked at the medicine stuff, so no idea what levels of inaccuracy is going on elsewhere.
Badges: 9
Report 3 months ago
What? One uni states a preference for a language GCSE, and it certainly doesn't specify that only French or German are acceptable languages! :laugh: Where are you pulling this stuff from?

EXACTLY! no mention of spanish when that is one of the most popular undergrad modern languages to study!!
Badges: 18
Report 3 months ago
You should only do a degree focused on Educational Psychology – as its highly employable in the UK.
This isn't really true. Educational psychologists are employable, but you won't gain much advantage from studying a specialised degree rather than a general psychology BSc. To become a professional Ed Psych you have to complete a BPS accredited doctorate, and you can do that after any BPS accredited undergrad degree.

What is relevant is going to a top university, getting top marks, and getting experience, then being lucky and persistent.

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