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    One question for the psych 1 exam someone please answer

    I wrote for the pilot study 3 points as what could be changed such as if time should be allowed for recall, whether a memory strategy would be appropriate or not and then also whether the list of recall as in the amount is appropriate and then said they can save time by changing /editing the study to make it more effective

    My guess would be 3/4 marks out of 4 can someone clarify this for me please

    Please a quick response needed
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    (Original post by potatoesftw x)
    So who here is single anyways?
    Me plz
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    Also, what are we thinking will come up on Monday?

    Predictions?
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    Do you keep completely forgetting them or keep mixing them up?
    (Original post by aimsnaywux)
    I am really finding the approaches to abnormality hard to remember :mad:
    I think abnormality is what is knocking my confidence for this exam
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    (Original post by faggstagram)
    sooo.... hoping one of these hasn't already been started. i was looking for one and didn't find one

    SO how's everyone finding psya2 ????

    thought this thread would be quite useful for us, i saw the a2 guys had one so we need one too :cool:
    youre beautiful
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    (Original post by dottielottie)
    Do you keep completely forgetting them or keep mixing them up?
    It seems to me that I just overall struggle with the psychological approaches, mostly psychodynamic and cognitive.

    *However I have just looked in my text book and seen for psychodynamic and cognitive there is only one form of treatment which is great (less to remember)
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    HAVENT REVISED AND CANT REVISE. I just woke up after 8 hrs to revise and I fell asleep again? I feel so hopeless

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    (Original post by Shamzy25)
    I've just finished research into conformity and explanations of conformity

    I'm now on to obedience. But I'm not sure if I can just use Milgram as a study.... Are there other studies? I can't seem to find them


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    For obediece, you could use Hofling et al. and Rank and Jacobsen (with Valium, not a fake drug).
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    I evaluated Milgrams study by saying he deceived the participants, also that the participants (although told) were not sure whether they had the right to withdraw ... As the experimenter forced them to carry on


    I need 1 more AO2 point ...


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    (Original post by Shamzy25)
    I evaluated Milgrams study by saying he deceived the participants, also that the participants (although told) were not sure whether they had the right to withdraw ... As the experimenter forced them to carry on


    I need 1 more AO2 point ...


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    Major ethical issues with this study because of stress caused to participants. 14/40 had nervous laughing fits, etc.

    Also issues regarding lack of both internal and external validity.
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    (Original post by mogwai98)
    Major ethical issues with this study because of stress caused to participants. 14/40 had nervous laughing fits, etc.

    Also issues regarding lack of both internal and external validity.
    Thank you!


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    (Original post by k.bryan4)
    I'd answer it like this.

    Stress has the ability to lower the effectiveness of the immune system. For example: Kielcolt glazer carried out a study on first year medical students (49 male and 26 female) whose important exams were coming up. He took blood samples from the students a month before the exam and on the day of the exam. Their level of T-cells was measured. Also, a questionnaire was given to the students to evaluate their psychological state. Kiecolt-glazer found that the level of t-cells in the blood on the day of the exam was much lower than a month before. Also, those students who rated themselves as lonely and depressed had even less t-cells than those who didn't. This suggests that stress from important exams has the ability to lower the effectiveness of a human's immune system by reducing T-cell production meaning a person is more likely to get cancer.

    Strength: natural experiment, stress occurs naturally from exams was not manipulated, high ecological validity

    weakness: natural experiment so lack of control over extraneous variables such as age, personality etc, cannot determine cause and effect

    weakness: bias sample only used medical students, could be more prone to stress than others, lacks population validity

    if the question stated what has research SHOWN us about the link between stress and and the immune system, only findings and conclusions are credit worthy so then you would have to include other studies like:

    marucha et al: discovered that the healing process is slowed down significantly by stress. For example on his 11 dental students, the time it took for the small wound on the inside of their mouth to heal 2-3 days before the exam was 40% (3 days) longer than in college vacation

    Riley et al: discovered that lymphocyte production lowered with high stress. For example, mice which were put under high stress tasks went on to develop cancerous tumours but those in low stress did not

    Russek et al: split doctors into high stress occupations (GPs) and low stress (dermatologists). Discovered that 11.9% of GPs went on to develop CHD but only 3.2 dermatologists went on to develop it

    Hope this helps, sorry if it's a bit long but thought it would be better than you having to research it all
    thanks alot man
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    what does everybody want to come up for the 12 marker?
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    can some one tell me the experiments of Marmot et al and Johansson et al's studies on workplace stress and what they found?
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    (Original post by potatoesftw x)
    So who here is single anyways?
    everyone
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    (Original post by Fleming1928)
    everyone
    Well this escalated quickly


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    Do anyone have a link to model answers that i could use?
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    (Original post by studentwiz)
    can some one tell me the experiments of Marmot et al and Johansson et al's studies on workplace stress and what they found?
    Johansson et al - workplace stress in Swedish saw mills

    Aim: to investigate the effects of workload, control and high demand on levels of stress at work.

    Procedure: 14 employers in a Swedish saw mill (high stress) were studied as their work was repetitive and the pace of their work was determined by a machine. They were compared with a group of maintenance workers (low stress) who had less repetitive jobs and more control over their pace of work. Both groups had their levels of illness measured and their adrenaline levels measured (taken from urine samples)/

    Results: People in the high stress group had higher illness rates and higher levels of adrenaline compared to the low stress group. The high stress group also had more time off from work.



    Marmot et al - workplace stress amongst civil service workers

    Aim: To investigate the effects of low job control and high workload on stress and illness

    Procedure: High level and low level civil service workers were asked to fill out a questionnaire asking them about their workload, job control and amount of social support at work. They were also checked for signs of heart disease and then re-assessed 5 years later.

    Results: Low level workers who had a low sense of job control were more likely to have developed heart disease compared to high grade workers who had a high sense of job control. There was a negative correlation between heart disease and job control, as job control went down, heart disease went up. There was no relationship between workload and stress related illness.
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    Do we need to know about biofeedback as a method of stress management.
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    (Original post by Fleming1928)
    Johansson et al - workplace stress in Swedish saw mills

    Aim: to investigate the effects of workload, control and high demand on levels of stress at work.

    Procedure: 14 employers in a Swedish saw mill (high stress) were studied as their work was repetitive and the pace of their work was determined by a machine. They were compared with a group of maintenance workers (low stress) who had less repetitive jobs and more control over their pace of work. Both groups had their levels of illness measured and their adrenaline levels measured (taken from urine samples)/

    Results: People in the high stress group had higher illness rates and higher levels of adrenaline compared to the low stress group. The high stress group also had more time off from work.



    Marmot et al - workplace stress amongst civil service workers

    Aim: To investigate the effects of low job control and high workload on stress and illness

    Procedure: High level and low level civil service workers were asked to fill out a questionnaire asking them about their workload, job control and amount of social support at work. They were also checked for signs of heart disease and then re-assessed 5 years later.

    Results: Low level workers who had a low sense of job control were more likely to have developed heart disease compared to high grade workers who had a high sense of job control. There was a negative correlation between heart disease and job control, as job control went down, heart disease went up. There was no relationship between workload and stress related illness.
    thank you !!
 
 
 
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