(Original post by young_guns)
The deal was actually massively favourable to the US. The missiles in Turkey were already obsolete and extremely vulnerable to a first-strike (liquid-fuelled, close to the Soviet Union).
With solid-fuelled ICBMs like the Minuteman coming online, and the first Polaris SLBM patrols occurring around this time, the US wasn't really sacrificing anything, whereas the Soviets were sacrificing their only realistic first strike capability on the US. They had to wait until the 1970s and the Delta class submarines came online to get something similar. Essentially, the Soviets backed themselves into a corner, though they did come out of it with a guarantee Cuba would not be invaded
This video below, from a documentary about the US Secretary of Defence from 1961 to 1968, Robert McNamara, has a very good overview of the Cuban Missile Crisis (from 6 minutes 50 seconds in).
I couldn't recommend it highly enough for anyone who is interested in Cold War history
Fog of War is a fascinating film, albeit hard to watch, the sheer ferocity and relentlessness of the area bombing of SE Asia by the Americans is chilling really and the horrible twisted logic used by McNamara and others to justify what was basically mass murder of civilians and pointless mass murder at that.
The theory that Turkey 'didn't matter', so the US got the best end of the deal is a bit of a stretch. The reality is that Turkey was a fairly major misjudgement by the US and so was Cuba on the part of the Soviets. Their demented nuclear posturing put the whole world in danger of destruction to satisfy the mania of generals and war industrialists.
Now let's talk about Putin.