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CIE iGCSE History Paper 1 Monday 9th May [unofficial mark scheme] watch

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    Irrespective of whatever happened today, we've got sources to look forward to... it's not over yet ;P
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    ty bruh. Not gonna lie, it's looking good for me. Lytton would be proud.
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    For 7B:

    You could also say that he adopted this policy to combat the Soviet forces in Greece. (as this was a reason for the Truman Doctrine).

    7A;

    Free and fair elections. Council of Foreign Ministers. Reparations in Germany. The hunting down of war criminals.

    6C:

    Nazi-Soviet Pact:

    Persuaded Hitler to invade Poland
    It was the last pact that Hitler signed - Tension?
    Prevention of the war on Two Fronts - aggressive foreign policy
    Risked British and French intervention

    British-French Guarantee:

    Caused the war - Polish invasion
    Direct v. indirect
    Appeasement failure / Hitler's aggressive foreign policy.

    5b:

    For expansionism - generals wanted it.

    5a:

    You could possibly say that the Lytton commission took 10 months to come to light, but MORE time to even get sorted by the league.
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    (Original post by Daniel Saleh)
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    thanks I have updated
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    Hey, for 5b:

    Japan justified the invasion as China was falling into anarchy and they were simply stopping a threat to world peace

    Japan was running out of resources. It couldn't feed its population that was growing by 1 million each year --> so they invaded China for their resources

    5c:

    Unanimous vote system was highly inefficient as everyone had to agree on something for it to be passed. Nothing ever got done because of this or it was very slow.

    6b:

    Chamberlain thought that Hitler would keep his word of not wanting to invade all of Czechoslovakia but soon after Hitler just decided to waltz right in and no-one did anything.

    Appeasement, even though Britain wanted to avoid a war if they had confronted Germany in 1938, Germany would have lost. But by 1939, Germany built up its army and naval forces greatly, I can't remember the exact stats though.

    6c:

    Nazi-Soviet Pact threatened French border as they could send Russian troops as well as German troops there.

    British-French guarantee was most significant as they didn't want to lose Poland due to its geo-strategic location against Germany.

    When the Nazi-Soviet Pact was signed, or when Germany invaded Czechoslovakia, the others let it pass but only when Germany dared to step foot into Poland was war declared.

    11b:

    Marlene Dietrich and Fritz Lang became famous after creating what was labelled as the most technologically advanced film of the decade - Metropolis.

    "Zeitoper" and "Zeittheater", styles of opera and theatre that was prevalent during this time period. Literally meaning opera and theatre "of the time"

    11c:

    Locarno treaties were also the pathway to Germany joining the League in 1926

    Proportional representation was still an issue, though the coalitions were becoming more stable.

    Spartacists were eliminated but there were still extremist right-wing groups around.

    Various groups of society were still unhappy: e.g. Farmers' prices had been dropping since 1920.

    That's just some stuff I remember writing, I'll add more if I remember anything else!
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    I idiotically misread the question 'why were there cultural achievements in Weimar' and literally just described all the achievements and like wrote about the individual artists, literature, film developments etc. how many marks do you lose for not exactly answering the question?
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    (Original post by VinuJ)
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    added ye stuff in thanks lol
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    (Original post by tzin)
    I idiotically misread the question 'why were there cultural achievements in Weimar' and literally just described all the achievements and like wrote about the individual artists, literature, film developments etc. how many marks do you lose for not exactly answering the question?
    yesss omg I feel like I ended up doing this. I did mention how under the Kaiser there was censorship, and people might have felt more liberated with this new democracy etc so that's why there was more cultural suff, which I then went on to list off.
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    (Original post by Milzime)
    yesss omg I feel like I ended up doing this. I did mention how under the Kaiser there was censorship, and people might have felt more liberated with this new democracy etc so that's why there was more cultural suff, which I then went on to list off.
    I have the feeling they just worded the question really badly but they will accept stuff just saying what cultural advancements happened in the 1920s, I hope so at least xD
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    (Original post by Milzime)
    added ye stuff in thanks lol
    Alright, no problem
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    difeo how do you think you did? x
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    For the Russia depth study:
    Q13 was on the Tsar and the Revolutions

    Q14 was on Stalin:
    a) What was life like at the Labour camps?
    This is kind of common sense; inadequate clothing/food, overcrowding, extremely harsh living/working conditions, long working hours, hard/physically straining work etc.
    b) Why did Stalin, not Trotsky, succeed in the power struggle after Lenin's death?
    Trotsky's ideas/Trotsky himself was unpopular within the party, for example Kamenev and Zinoviev (i think these are their names ?) disliked Trotsky. Stalin was much more manipulative and cunning. Stalin's policy of Socialism in one country was more appealing than Trotsky's idea of transforming the whole world asap (don't remember what it's called atm lol). Stalin allied with several groups and pitted them against each other. Stuff like this.
    c) "Official art and culture was the main reason why Stalin was able to become the dictator of the Soviet Union". How far do you agree? (along these lines)
    You have to mention how this was important (it was a part of propaganda as well I guess), but also mention the other important points for example his use of Terror and the Purges were also vital (I argued they were more important), however the propaganda did help with establishing support for his regime. STILL, the terror and use of the Secret Police and Purging of opposition meant no one dared to go against him in fear of their lives being taken. Etc.
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    (Original post by SA-1)
    difeo how do you think you did? x
    don't think I've managed the 25% needed x
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    I wrote the following for the question about the Lytton Commission:
    - Created by (and was a party of) the League of Nations
    - led by British Diplomat Lord Lytton
    - Sent to Manchuria to analyse the crisis and decide who was the aggressor
    - Took over a year for Lord Lytton's report to be published

    I may have said something else but my memory is receding. Is this ok? I am rather concerned about whether I would get 4/4
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    Watch this video if you did the IGCSE History paper yesterday!!!
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDp...EuNvZ1LQF794jw
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    If you wrote exactly that then yes you would have got 4 out of 4 because they are entirely true.

    Is it just me or are the 4 markers harder than the rest?!xD
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    Although a bit late, the below answers are just here to kind of fill in the gaps. Particularly in the pre 1945 topics.

    5b

    Japan wanted to increase their military after the USA imposed several tarrifs to block their navy and reduce their size. This is because the USA was facing competition from Japan in the 20s.

    5c.

    As a side note, this point comes up frequently though people seem to miss it quite a lot.

    The International Court of Justice - responsible for sorting out border disputes- had no real control of any situation. They only acted if they were allowed to, and only offered advice. They had no grounds to impose any power on the situation and the opposing countries could do whatever they wanted. Along with the VETO, this is a reason why the major countries were so overpowered against the minors.

    6a.

    I have been debating this one in my head as it is a pretty difficult 4 marker, but I think I know what they wanted so I will write all 4 points here, even though some have been mentioned.

    1. Abyssinian Crisis
    2. Between 1930-39 Italy grew up its forces to the extent that it was bigger than the US.
    3. Stressa Conference - This is not the point though. The point is that Mussolini lined up his troops on the border of Austria to prevent Hitler from achieving Anschluss
    4. Italy also invaded Albania in 1938 and Libya in 1939
    5. The Pact of Steel (this isn't really a point actually, as it was a treaty that stated one would defend the other, but it may count)

    I hope this helps guys. 6a was a beast of a 4 marker, and I hope most of you guys got the 2 slightly obscure points (Stressa + Albania)
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    I do not know how to quote so...this was posted for (I think 7c)
    First direct confrontation between the nations - tensions had only existed through indirect conflicts (e.g Greece 1947)

    I do not think that this is actually true as an answer and I would argue it was actually indirect. If you look at the question it states 'Berlin Blockade [..] threaten world peace'. Tension technically existed when America bombed Hiroshima - atomic diplomacy - starting the Arms Race. The Berlin Blockade didn't directly increase tensions at all, in fact on neither side did it conflict in ideology, rather Stalin blocked Berlin as he was worried about Allied involvement in Germany and wanted to cripple the nation. It didn't threaten world peace directly, only the results from it.

    Please correct me if I am wrong!
    Th
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    Btw...these questions are from which variant of paper? Like paper 11, 12 or 13
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    Hi...can I know that from which variant of paper these questions are from...like paper 11, 12 or 13?? Or can I know from which zone or country did you write this history paper from?? Please..
 
 
 
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