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    (Original post by laurenec1012)
    Hi, not to panic you but as already said by others this isn't the best way to structure as the history may not be applicable to the text and on many examiner reports it states that many students lose marks because of random historical context. I usually follow this structure particularly for the questions with one text e.g a 19th century text

    1 - Lexical field
    2 - How the genre has affected the text + pick of key features e.g the use of superlatives in an advert
    3 - Formality / Informality
    4 -Archaic / Obsolete lexis
    5 - Graphology
    6 - Orthography & tie in spelling / grammar changes
    7 - Change in Tech / social / culture etc

    This might not work for everyone / every question but just thought it might help.
    This is an example of a paragraph from an essay which my teacher gave me 37 (A) for

    Text F is an advertisement produced for J.Sainsbury in 1894. By analysing the text, it is clear that the lexical choices, graphology and technical changes in Text F greatly juxtapose those in an advertisement nowadays.
    One key feature that shows how language has changed over time is the lexical choices such as specific lexical field of food. Throughout the text, the writer uses listing in order to emphasise the amount of choice and variety the company has to offer such as ‘new-laid eggs’ and ‘Continental cheeses’. The use of the adjectives and modifiers ‘new-laid’ and ‘continental allow the writer to persuade the reader to shop at Sainsburys as these words connotate the idea of fresh and new products. The use of the lexis ‘continental’ seems to be the most significant as the idea of foreign foods would have been highly exciting for anyone in the 19th century as the start of globalisation enabled those of the working to middle class to have access to foods that were once exclusively upper class. Perhaps this suggests that key social changes affect language as new words are ‘borrowed’ and become part of our vocabulary. An example of this in Text F is the list of cheeses such as ‘port du salut’ and ‘camembert’ which I assume is ‘borrowed’ from the french language and have known been integrated into the english language. Perhaps this suggests that the changes in travel i.e ships have enabled new food and subsequently new lexis to our vocabulary.

    Hope this helps, I struggle with language change too
    could you post the rest of the essay, it was good read
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    (Original post by jsantos09)
    could you post the rest of the essay, it was good read
    Yeah, here you are.
    This is the rest :

    The genre of the text seems to have affected the linguistic devices used within the text. For example, the text producer continually use superlatives such as ‘finest’. The use of superlatives enable the text producer to create the impression that only the best produce is chose for the stores which in turn creates an appealing and persuasive tone allowing them to compete with other stores. Interestingly, superlatives are still frequently used within advertising as a method of persuasion as nowadays there are a huge number of supermarkets and stores available which therefore means there is more competition. Throughout Text F, the author also uses modifiers and adjectives as a method of persuasion such as the description of the store being ‘exceedingly handsome’. The adjective ‘handsome’ is not usually used to describe a place or setting as nowadays it usually used to describe an attractive person specifically male. Another example of the use of modifiers is in the phrase ‘remarkably moderate prices’, the use of modifier ‘remarkably’ allows the text producer to emphasise how cheap their products are. Although, this enables the writer to persuade the reader to choose Sainsbury's, it may also be used to try and access the middle / working class audience and make them aware that these products are no longer just available for the upper class.
    In terms of formality, the text seems to have a formal tone as the text uses lexis such as ‘establishment’ and ‘elaborate’ which also creates a positive representation of the brand. This level of formality is reflected in the use of the title such as ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ when referring to the company’s owner. This seems to highlight a social change as nowadays it is rare to be presented with the face of brand as instead the companies use logos and brand names. Perhaps, this is again due to the rapid development of supermarkets and also the media as nowadays the price and name of the brand is often deemed more important. In Text F, the use of the title ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ along with use of third person pronouns such as ‘his’ and ‘he’ seems to create a more personalised effect. This personalised relationship is emphasised with the alliteration of the phrase ‘Mr Sainsbury deals directly’. The idea that the owner of the company ‘deals directly’ creates the image that despite being the head of a company, he still has a hands on role with the day-to-day tasks. This again greatly juxtaposes the largely commercialised and cooperate supermarkets nowadays suggesting that perhaps the change in business and corporate companies has affected the advertising genre.
    Text F displays lexical formations which are now considered archaic or obsolete. For example, the use of the word ‘thus’ which although may be still be used in formal situations, is considered archaic in my generation. Another example of an obsolete word is ‘poulterer’ which is assume means a poultry seller. Text F also displays how the meaning of lexis alter over time, for example in Text F the word ‘discrimination’ seems to have gone through a process of pejoration which has now acquired a more negative meaning. In Text F, the lexis is used in a positive sense as the writer states that ‘the stock is selected with the greatest care and discrimination’ suggesting that the produce has been chosen to ensure that only the best is used. However, nowadays discrimination connotes a negative view that someone has been subjected to prejudice suggesting that perhaps language change alters alongside a change in interpretations. Text F also displays a clear change in currency as Text F uses ‘d’ which I believe stands for pence, however this change in 1971 when the currency was replaced by pounds and the symbol became ‘£’.
    Graphologically, the text seems entirely different from the image and layout of an advertisement nowadays. First of all, the text is entirely black and white as perhaps the print industry did not yet have the technology to print in colour as the print industry first began in the 16th century. However, nowadays most advertisements use bright and bold colours in an attempt to attract a reader's attention away from competing adverts. The text contains numerous subheadings alongside the large block of text at the bottom which displays information about the store. However, nowadays adverts usually contain little text apart from a slogan as many companies may feel that text is ineffective as it does not attract potential customer’s attention. Perhaps, this suggests that nowadays many people are interested in short and concise information, perhaps due to the influence of social media where you can find information in quick and short bursts. The change in technology is also evident in the text as the writer states that the ‘use of telephone’ means that ‘all branches (are) being connected’. The use of the lexis ‘connected’ seems to show the continuing influence of technology as nowadays due to the technological advancements people are connected via email and social media. Another technological change in the texts announcement that delivers ‘by a large number of horse and cart’. This evidently highlights how technology has now allowed customers to shop online and have a next day delivery by cars and vans.
    To conclude, I believe that it is evident that language including lexical and graphological changes do change over time alongside key social, cultural and technological changes.
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    (Original post by laurenec1012)
    Yeah, here you are.
    This is the rest :

    The genre of the text seems to have affected the linguistic devices used within the text. For example, the text producer continually use superlatives such as ‘finest’. The use of superlatives enable the text producer to create the impression that only the best produce is chose for the stores which in turn creates an appealing and persuasive tone allowing them to compete with other stores. Interestingly, superlatives are still frequently used within advertising as a method of persuasion as nowadays there are a huge number of supermarkets and stores available which therefore means there is more competition. Throughout Text F, the author also uses modifiers and adjectives as a method of persuasion such as the description of the store being ‘exceedingly handsome’. The adjective ‘handsome’ is not usually used to describe a place or setting as nowadays it usually used to describe an attractive person specifically male. Another example of the use of modifiers is in the phrase ‘remarkably moderate prices’, the use of modifier ‘remarkably’ allows the text producer to emphasise how cheap their products are. Although, this enables the writer to persuade the reader to choose Sainsbury's, it may also be used to try and access the middle / working class audience and make them aware that these products are no longer just available for the upper class.
    In terms of formality, the text seems to have a formal tone as the text uses lexis such as ‘establishment’ and ‘elaborate’ which also creates a positive representation of the brand. This level of formality is reflected in the use of the title such as ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ when referring to the company’s owner. This seems to highlight a social change as nowadays it is rare to be presented with the face of brand as instead the companies use logos and brand names. Perhaps, this is again due to the rapid development of supermarkets and also the media as nowadays the price and name of the brand is often deemed more important. In Text F, the use of the title ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ along with use of third person pronouns such as ‘his’ and ‘he’ seems to create a more personalised effect. This personalised relationship is emphasised with the alliteration of the phrase ‘Mr Sainsbury deals directly’. The idea that the owner of the company ‘deals directly’ creates the image that despite being the head of a company, he still has a hands on role with the day-to-day tasks. This again greatly juxtaposes the largely commercialised and cooperate supermarkets nowadays suggesting that perhaps the change in business and corporate companies has affected the advertising genre.
    Text F displays lexical formations which are now considered archaic or obsolete. For example, the use of the word ‘thus’ which although may be still be used in formal situations, is considered archaic in my generation. Another example of an obsolete word is ‘poulterer’ which is assume means a poultry seller. Text F also displays how the meaning of lexis alter over time, for example in Text F the word ‘discrimination’ seems to have gone through a process of pejoration which has now acquired a more negative meaning. In Text F, the lexis is used in a positive sense as the writer states that ‘the stock is selected with the greatest care and discrimination’ suggesting that the produce has been chosen to ensure that only the best is used. However, nowadays discrimination connotes a negative view that someone has been subjected to prejudice suggesting that perhaps language change alters alongside a change in interpretations. Text F also displays a clear change in currency as Text F uses ‘d’ which I believe stands for pence, however this change in 1971 when the currency was replaced by pounds and the symbol became ‘£’.
    Graphologically, the text seems entirely different from the image and layout of an advertisement nowadays. First of all, the text is entirely black and white as perhaps the print industry did not yet have the technology to print in colour as the print industry first began in the 16th century. However, nowadays most advertisements use bright and bold colours in an attempt to attract a reader's attention away from competing adverts. The text contains numerous subheadings alongside the large block of text at the bottom which displays information about the store. However, nowadays adverts usually contain little text apart from a slogan as many companies may feel that text is ineffective as it does not attract potential customer’s attention. Perhaps, this suggests that nowadays many people are interested in short and concise information, perhaps due to the influence of social media where you can find information in quick and short bursts. The change in technology is also evident in the text as the writer states that the ‘use of telephone’ means that ‘all branches (are) being connected’. The use of the lexis ‘connected’ seems to show the continuing influence of technology as nowadays due to the technological advancements people are connected via email and social media. Another technological change in the texts announcement that delivers ‘by a large number of horse and cart’. This evidently highlights how technology has now allowed customers to shop online and have a next day delivery by cars and vans.
    To conclude, I believe that it is evident that language including lexical and graphological changes do change over time alongside key social, cultural and technological changes.
    ayyy! Thanks!
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    (Original post by Gapyearstudent54)
    Just thought I'd add my plan for q1 of the exam (as obviously not everyone does it the same):


    Paragraph one: Discourse
    -turn taking
    -questions
    -role of each person in the transcript and context for this
    - Also look at ZPD if relevant and scaffolding through discourse structure.

    Paragraph 2 & 3: Grammar & Lexis (I like to combine them)
    -Different word types (Halliday)
    -pronoun use
    -preposition use (some children change the preposition when repeating themselves)
    -Noun types/verb types/structure of these in a sentence
    -The syntax of some sentences (i.e. if the syntax is some of the time but not others) (NEVER TALK ABOUT WHAT THE CHILD IS LACKING)
    -morphology of words they are using and their understanding of these.
    -also things like reduplication, virtuous errors, and so forth.
    -any lexical fields due to context

    Paragraph 4: Caregiver
    -use of CDS by caregiver
    -the effects of recasting and whatnot
    -also, use of CDS by older children when caregiver isn't around
    -context of situation giving meaning to the childs speech (i.e. if they're in an unfamiliar place they may not be comfortable speaking).

    Throughout each paragraph I'd give clustered examples and embed context (at least 3 points per paragraph). Also, any theorists that are applicable to the text.

    I know it's not as an extensive plan as yours, but I find that is works I'm also spending 45 minutes planning each question and the rest writing.

    You spend 45 minutes planning for each question???? Am I reading this right or?
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    (Original post by yoMilkSheikh)
    You spend 45 minutes planning for each question???? Am I reading this right or?
    Yeah, looking at model answers most that were high marks only had about 4 concise pages.

    I do also get 25% extra time, so factor this in! But the planning is more important than the writing (well obviously you have to write something but if it's planned, its easier and more concise)
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    (Original post by Gapyearstudent54)
    Yeah, looking at model answers most that were high marks only had about 4 concise pages.

    I do also get 25% extra time, so factor this in! But the planning is more important than the writing (well obviously you have to write something but if it's planned, its easier and more concise)
    4 pages in whole ? or for each question lol ?
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    (Original post by yoMilkSheikh)
    4 pages in whole ? or for each question lol ?
    Each question
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    Good luck for tomorrow, guys!
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    Does it make a difference if you use John Dore's instead of Halliday? His are so much easier to remember
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    (Original post by laurenec1012)
    Yeah, here you are.
    This is the rest :

    The genre of the text seems to have affected the linguistic devices used within the text. For example, the text producer continually use superlatives such as ‘finest’. The use of superlatives enable the text producer to create the impression that only the best produce is chose for the stores which in turn creates an appealing and persuasive tone allowing them to compete with other stores. Interestingly, superlatives are still frequently used within advertising as a method of persuasion as nowadays there are a huge number of supermarkets and stores available which therefore means there is more competition. Throughout Text F, the author also uses modifiers and adjectives as a method of persuasion such as the description of the store being ‘exceedingly handsome’. The adjective ‘handsome’ is not usually used to describe a place or setting as nowadays it usually used to describe an attractive person specifically male. Another example of the use of modifiers is in the phrase ‘remarkably moderate prices’, the use of modifier ‘remarkably’ allows the text producer to emphasise how cheap their products are. Although, this enables the writer to persuade the reader to choose Sainsbury's, it may also be used to try and access the middle / working class audience and make them aware that these products are no longer just available for the upper class.
    In terms of formality, the text seems to have a formal tone as the text uses lexis such as ‘establishment’ and ‘elaborate’ which also creates a positive representation of the brand. This level of formality is reflected in the use of the title such as ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ when referring to the company’s owner. This seems to highlight a social change as nowadays it is rare to be presented with the face of brand as instead the companies use logos and brand names. Perhaps, this is again due to the rapid development of supermarkets and also the media as nowadays the price and name of the brand is often deemed more important. In Text F, the use of the title ‘Mr J Sainsbury’ along with use of third person pronouns such as ‘his’ and ‘he’ seems to create a more personalised effect. This personalised relationship is emphasised with the alliteration of the phrase ‘Mr Sainsbury deals directly’. The idea that the owner of the company ‘deals directly’ creates the image that despite being the head of a company, he still has a hands on role with the day-to-day tasks. This again greatly juxtaposes the largely commercialised and cooperate supermarkets nowadays suggesting that perhaps the change in business and corporate companies has affected the advertising genre.
    Text F displays lexical formations which are now considered archaic or obsolete. For example, the use of the word ‘thus’ which although may be still be used in formal situations, is considered archaic in my generation. Another example of an obsolete word is ‘poulterer’ which is assume means a poultry seller. Text F also displays how the meaning of lexis alter over time, for example in Text F the word ‘discrimination’ seems to have gone through a process of pejoration which has now acquired a more negative meaning. In Text F, the lexis is used in a positive sense as the writer states that ‘the stock is selected with the greatest care and discrimination’ suggesting that the produce has been chosen to ensure that only the best is used. However, nowadays discrimination connotes a negative view that someone has been subjected to prejudice suggesting that perhaps language change alters alongside a change in interpretations. Text F also displays a clear change in currency as Text F uses ‘d’ which I believe stands for pence, however this change in 1971 when the currency was replaced by pounds and the symbol became ‘£’.
    Graphologically, the text seems entirely different from the image and layout of an advertisement nowadays. First of all, the text is entirely black and white as perhaps the print industry did not yet have the technology to print in colour as the print industry first began in the 16th century. However, nowadays most advertisements use bright and bold colours in an attempt to attract a reader's attention away from competing adverts. The text contains numerous subheadings alongside the large block of text at the bottom which displays information about the store. However, nowadays adverts usually contain little text apart from a slogan as many companies may feel that text is ineffective as it does not attract potential customer’s attention. Perhaps, this suggests that nowadays many people are interested in short and concise information, perhaps due to the influence of social media where you can find information in quick and short bursts. The change in technology is also evident in the text as the writer states that the ‘use of telephone’ means that ‘all branches (are) being connected’. The use of the lexis ‘connected’ seems to show the continuing influence of technology as nowadays due to the technological advancements people are connected via email and social media. Another technological change in the texts announcement that delivers ‘by a large number of horse and cart’. This evidently highlights how technology has now allowed customers to shop online and have a next day delivery by cars and vans.
    To conclude, I believe that it is evident that language including lexical and graphological changes do change over time alongside key social, cultural and technological changes.
    Been wondering, i dont really see any theorists present? still a good response.
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    How did you all find it then?

    I did Text A for Section A (Speaking) and then the second question for section B (the one with Benedict Cumberbatch). Though I think most people will have done the second one, the idea of comparison between the texts is what I find easy

    I hope everyone did the best of their ability!

    Now onto Literature on Friday
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    (Original post by TheFailingNerd)
    How did you all find it then?

    I did Text A for Section A (Speaking) and then the second question for section B (the one with Benedict Cumberbatch). Though I think most people will have done the second one, the idea of comparison between the texts is what I find easy

    I hope everyone did the best of their ability!

    Now onto Literature on Friday
    did the same ones but definitely messed up language change!
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    (Original post by jsantos09)
    did the same ones but definitely messed up language change!
    Oh damn, what happened??
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    Lol I thought it went awful hahaha
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    (Original post by TheFailingNerd)
    How did you all find it then?

    I did Text A for Section A (Speaking) and then the second question for section B (the one with Benedict Cumberbatch). Though I think most people will have done the second one, the idea of comparison between the texts is what I find easy

    I hope everyone did the best of their ability!

    Now onto Literature on Friday
    I done the same questions as you and I thought it went really well. The CLA went much better than the Language Change but I anticipated that. I had ethics today as well so spent almost 4h30 in the exam hall. Wrote 64 pages over the two exams and I think I've crippled myself. I've got English literature on Friday too, hope it goes well hahaha
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    (Original post by HeatherLaff)
    I done the same questions as you and I thought it went really well. The CLA went much better than the Language Change but I anticipated that. I had ethics today as well so spent almost 4h30 in the exam hall. Wrote 64 pages over the two exams and I think I've crippled myself. I've got English literature on Friday too, hope it goes well hahaha
    64?! how much did you write for english?? I only did 13 pages
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    (Original post by HeatherLaff)
    I done the same questions as you and I thought it went really well. The CLA went much better than the Language Change but I anticipated that. I had ethics today as well so spent almost 4h30 in the exam hall. Wrote 64 pages over the two exams and I think I've crippled myself. I've got English literature on Friday too, hope it goes well hahaha
    I'm glad you're confident

    Ouch I could hardly stand 2 hrs 30 mins in there! Lol I commend you!

    Ooh is it Litb3? Maybe we can help each other haha! Lit is not my strong point lol!
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    (Original post by _evnicole)
    Lol I thought it went awful hahaha
    People usually use laughter as a coping mechanism hahaha ...Just kidding... *ahem* haha :P

    What do you think you slipped up on???
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    (Original post by mutantman52)
    64?! how much did you write for english?? I only did 13 pages
    "only did 13" I did 10!!!! *cry*
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    (Original post by mutantman52)
    64?! how much did you write for english?? I only did 13 pages
    To be fair I'm just a very quick writer and my handwriting isn't very small. I wrote about 37 pages for language and the remainer on ethics 😂
 
 
 
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