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    (Original post by salsadipss)
    So would you suggest both instead? i've only learnt criminal myself...
    yeah i would suggest do both i.e. 3 criminal based on fault, 3 criminal not based on fault, 3 civil based on fault and 3 civil not based on fault.

    if you would like a layout:

    AR
    MR
    Murder
    Strict Liability
    Mandatory Life Sentence
    s.47 and s.20
    Duty of care (1st and 3rd part of caparo)
    Breach of Duty + thin skull rule
    OLA 57
    Vicarious Liability
    Product Liability
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    Still don't understand stupid criminal damage


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    Any decent predictions as to which of the following is unlikely to come up tomorow:
    -Law and morals
    -Law ad justice
    -Fault and liability

    Cheers in advance.
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    (Original post by Markg125)
    PLEASE CAN SOMEONE TELL ME THE DIFFERCE BETWEEN SECTION 9 1 (a) and section 9 1 (b) because I am having trouble unerstanding which is which in a scenario, hate to use caps but I just don't know.
    Burglary
    S9 Theft Act 1968

    1. Entry
    2. Building or part of building
    3. As a trespasser

    S9(1)(a)
    D intends to commit: theft/GBH/criminal damage
    + MR of ulterior offence
    + Int. or recklessness

    S9(1)(b)
    D commits or attempts to commit theft/GBH
    +MR of ulterior offence
    +MR of trespass

    ... I think this is right... this is my revision card for burglary!
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    I've decided i've got no hope for this exam, and I might as well sell myself to some male escort service, cos i'm definitely not going to uni based on this one exam
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    (Original post by rosscmullins)
    I've decided i've got no hope for this exam, and I might as well sell myself to some male escort service, cos i'm definitely not going to uni based on this one exam
    lmaooo that made me laugh
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    (Original post by rosscmullins)
    I've decided i've got no hope for this exam, and I might as well sell myself to some male escort service, cos i'm definitely not going to uni based on this one exam
    Drown your sorrows in macdonalds, works wonders, good luck all!


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    Someone explain duress. I get normal duress what's necessity and circumstances?


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    a bit late but definately not prepared for this! Any one wanna explain duress.
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    Okay so I'm half-way through now, it seems that Law and Morality may come up for the theory question. To whoever is doing tort: liability in defective products and occupiers will 100% come up.


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    (Original post by AmmeS)
    a bit late but definately not prepared for this! Any one wanna explain duress.
    I can outline duress of threats:

    Cannot be used for murder/attempted murder (Howe)
    Only threats of serious violence or death suffice (Valderrama Vega)
    Threats can be to family and friends (Martain)
    Graham two-part test
    Certain characteristics of D can be taken into account (Bowen)
    D has to be threatened to do a specific crime (Cole)
    Imminence of threat (Hasan)
    Must be 'imminent' and operating on D's mind (Abdul-Hussain)
    The defence will fail if there is a safe avenue of escape (Gill)
    It will also fail if it is self-induced duress (Hasan, Heath)
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    if anyone needs any paper info etc .. just message me... COME1 !!!!!
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    just praying loads morals and law come up #fingers crossed#
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    (Original post by Converse)
    Any decent predictions as to which of the following is unlikely to come up tomorow:
    -Law and morals
    -Law ad justice
    -Fault and liability

    Cheers in advance.
    hope morals come up am not good with the others
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    (Original post by Tomac)
    Okay so I'm half-way through now, it seems that Law and Morality may come up for the theory question. To whoever is doing tort: liability in defective products and occupiers will 100% come up.


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    hope Ryland v fletcher doesnt come up
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    (Original post by Zvxcb)
    Someone explain duress. I get normal duress what's necessity and circumstances?


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    I get this! Okay, so Duress is a defence based on the fact that the defendant has been forced to commit a crime because he is threatened with death or serious injury. Duress can be either through direct threat by another (duress by threat) or through external circumstances (duress of circumstances)

    Duress by threat: the defendant is threatened by serious violence unless he commits an offence . Threat must be of death or a serious injury; lesser threats do not provide a defence (Vlderrama-vega) Threat can be made to the the defendant himself, the family or even friends can be a basis for the defence of duress( Martin). There is no decision on whether threat to a complete stranger would be enough. R v Hasan - threat must be of death or serious harm to the defendant, defendant's immediate family or someone whom the defendant reasonably regarded him self as reasonable for.

    If defence should succeed depends on 2 stages: was the defendant compelled to act as he did because he reasonably believed he had good cause to fear serious injury or death?
    If so would a sober person of reasonable firmness, sharing the characteristics of the accused have responded in the same way?
    Tests laid down by the CoA in Graham and approved in the case of Howe
    Charateristics taken into account (Bowen) Age, Pregnancy, Serious Physical Disability, recognised mental ilness, psychiatric disorder, sex. Low IQ is irrelevant.

    No safe avenue of escape:duress only used in situations where there is no safe avenue of escape (Gill) If police protection is possible the defendant cannot rely on the defence of duress. Case of Hudson an taylor, police protection may not always be effective. If threat was not reasonbly expected to be carried out immidiately or almost immediately then no defence (Hasan)

    RIGHT i really can't be asked to type more.
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    (Original post by Zvxcb)
    Someone explain duress. I get normal duress what's necessity and circumstances?


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    clearly explained the wrong thing
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    Good luck to everyone sitting this exam tomorrow, I did it last year and thankfully not resitting this unit again. Just make sure you have a good structure and lots of points for the essay and you'll be okay! Hopefully it's a nice paper with nothing too tricky
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    Only bothered learning law and justice and law and morals, any one finding the time insufficient ?
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    good luck to all the hot chicks taking this exam
 
 
 
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