(Original post by mp2305)
Anyone have a summary on how Hitler consolidated power and what an essay like that would need? As in structure and possible question?
Hitler consolidated power in a number of ways.
1)Abolishion of Trade unions:
-The TU's were a threat to hitler as they were alligned with socialism and catcholicism.
-Flexed their muscle in the Kapp Putsch (1920) where they organised a general strike leading to faliure of the putsch.
-However, by 1933 they were a spent force due to the depression and economic stuggles membership fell and they were less dedicated to fighting for peoples rights. Hoped for co-operation with the nazi's to allow for a degree of independance.
WHAT HE DONE:
-Hitler declared the 1st may Traditional Day for international socilist labour giving the image to the Tu's that there was possibility of co-operation.
-Next day the TU's were raided by SA and SS and the tu funds confiscated high ranking members of the tu's were sent to conc camps.
-Independant tu's were banned and DAF put in the place of the TU's but with no fundamental rights in germany they couldnt effect pay and work hours to better off the people.
-Gleichschaltung could never exist with other political parties as a result hitler and the Nazi's aimed to removed all other political parties which was relatively easy.
WHAT HE DONE:
-The communist parties had been outlawed from the reichstag fire 1933.
-The social democrats's funds were seized shorly after the tu's were broken up and banned in june.
-Most political parties agreed to dissolve themselves.
-Finally the centre part agreed to dissolve itself.
3)Enabling Act 1933:
-This act allowed all parliamentary preocedure and legislation to be transfered to the chancellor and his party for 4 years.
-However, it required 2/3 support from the reichstag and the 2 biggest parties after the Nazi party were left wing parties.
-Also, with problems building up in the lower ranks of the nai state seeming to take the law into their own hands (SA) gave the impression of a rev from below which hurt hitlers image of legality and put his position at risk with his partners the DNVP.
WHAT HE DONE:
-When the reichstag met to dicuss the act the communist/ left wingers were not allowed admittance.
-The SA were in large numbers to act as an intimidation factor.
-Expecting the social democrats to vote against him he required the help of the centre party and in his speech primised to them that religious freedom, respect of catcholic church and moral values would be upheld (FAKE PROMISES)
Could also chuck in abit about the night of the long knives which helped gain a bigger stronghold on hitlers postion along with gain support from the army which led to soldiers pledging their oath to hitler rather than the state along with th fact that the thug image of the Nazi party died along with the SA and this helped gain support for the nazis as people were scared of the sa. Also, hitler managed to get rid of other politicla opponents e.g. Schliecher whom he though was plotting against him and Strasser who was the leader of the radical socialst wing of the Nazi's was murdered.