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A2 Edexcel Unit 3: Revolution, Republic and Restoration, 1629-67 (JUNE 2013) Watch

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    (Original post by iBlueBox)
    Silly question, whats the Barebones Parliament? Is that the same as the Nominated Assembly.

    Also, section two question structure is rather easy.

    Read sources, gather the main themes, write about it theme to theme not source to source.

    so for example.

    source two and three may contradict each other over the idea of neutrality ; then bring in your own knowledge / historian but overall Austin Woolrich idea of Neutrality only being a short term factor blah blah blah.

    Also, has anyone got links to all the past papers / mark schemes thanks a lot
    Yep! You can use either terms in the exam, they'll know what you mean
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    (Original post by Blackerss)
    Please do - that would be awesome.

    Also, does anyone have any good notes on the Rump - my teachers were rather more into long, rambling narratives than precise details and the textbook we have is pretty shocking between 1646-53.
    See next post.
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    Don't suppose anyone could help with,

    the reasons of Failure to reach a settlement?
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    I have attached some Rump notes
    Attached Files
  1. File Type: docx Rump.docx (31.1 KB, 602 views)
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    (Original post by Use Err Name)
    I have attached some Rump notes

    That file wont open on my Mac
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    (Original post by Use Err Name)
    I have attached some Rump notes
    Hey, could you please repost those barebones notes, i cant acces your word filed and needed them
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    (Original post by Equal)
    Hey, could you please repost those barebones notes, i cant acces your word filed and needed them

    Yeah have you got the Nominated Assembly Notes as your word file is different.
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    Brief Barebones/NA notes

    • Parliament couldn't be safely decided so Cromwell decided to choose it
    • 140 members were selected (incl. 6 from Ireland & Scotland each)
    • Statistics
    - Four-fifths = gentry
    - 18 had sat in the Rump
    - Nearly 1/2 would go on to sit in parliament of the Protectorate
    - Only 13 = Fifth Monarchists

    Why did the Nominated Assembly fail?
    • At first the Barebones parliament seemed like to fulfil Cromwell's hopes (attendance = exemplary, sat 6 days a week)
    • Barebones directly addressed the reforms that the Rump had avoided, including legal reform, tithes and religion (during its 5 months existence, it passed over 30 statutes)
    • HOWEVER a rift soon opened between moderate and radicals (radicals = greater influence thanks to stronger numbers)
    • Hyde criticised Barebones parliament as a group of religious zealots
    • Autumn 1653 - Disillusioned moderates began boycotting the Assembly as radical preachers stirred up expectations of millenarian change that frightened those of moderate opinion
    • In the end, Cromwell felt forced to intervene on the side of moderation

    Political divisions in the Nominated Assembly

    Radicals on religion
    • No national church
    • Abolish tithes

    Moderates on religion
    • National church should exist to lead by example
    • Tithes should collected

    Radicals on law reform
    • Fifth Monarchists: only laws found in the bible should be followed
    • Common law = non-scriptural so should not be obeyed

    Moderates on law reform
    • Common law should be preserved
    • Law should be made more humane (e.g. abolishing capital punishment for minor offences)

    Indecision over Anglo-Dutch war
    • The Dutch had been trying to negotiate an end to the Anglo-Dutch War BUT the Barebones parliament was paralysed w/ indecision because
    - 1). It was struck for time
    - 2). It had no foreign policy experience
    - 3). There was no executive power

    Lambert's Instrument of Government
    • General Lambert had been working on a written constitution that would make Cromwell the chief executive
    - IoG also allowed for the annual provision for an army of 30k
    • 10th December 1653 - Moderates (supported by Cromwell) were defeated in a vote to retain tithes
    • 12th December 1653 - Moderates assembled early (radicals = absent) & voted to abdicate power & hand it back to Cromwell
    • 16th December 1653 - Cromwell installed as Lord Protector under the written constitution drawn by Lambert (Instrument of gov't)
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    thank you
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    Guy's what exactly was the rank and file?
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    (Original post by iBlueBox)
    Guy's what exactly was the rank and file?
    Normal soldiers I think. Talking about the Rank and File Revolt, 1647?
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    (Original post by Use Err Name)
    Normal soldiers I think. Talking about the Rank and File Revolt, 1647?
    Ah right, I wasn't sure if it was treat or such,
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    Anyone got any advice on timing such as,

    How long on each question and planning?
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    (Original post by iBlueBox)
    Anyone got any advice on timing such as,

    How long on each question and planning?
    Section A : 5 mins planning
    45-50 mins writing

    Section B: 10-15 mins planning
    45-50 mins writing


    How would people plan/structure an answer for a question along the lines of 'What caused the end of parliamentary unity 1640-1642' in section A?
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    They cant ask that question its not on the spec, unless it is do e in the context of the covil
    War which would be an awful question,


    Structure wise for b i always do
    Intro
    Main theme from source 1
    Main them from 2
    Main theme from 3
    Other themes
    Conc


    How long do u guys spend on the analysing the historians in your essay?
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    Guys, what do you need to know about the restoration.

    I know up to the protectorate parliaments,

    but not really how we got from that to Charles II,

    Also analysis question I would spend about 5 mins.
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    (Original post by Equal)
    They cant ask that question its not on the spec, unless it is do e in the context of the covil
    War which would be an awful question,


    Structure wise for b i always do
    Intro
    Main theme from source 1
    Main them from 2
    Main theme from 3
    Other themes
    Conc


    How long do u guys spend on the analysing the historians in your essay?
    I meant for the section A question:

    Something like 'How far were Pym's actions responsible for the Breakdown of parliamentary unity in 1640-1642'

    Is that not on the spec? I would be surprised if they asked that question as it's pretty difficult.

    If it did come up, what themes would you structure the paragraphs on?

    - Pym's contribution to anti-court consensus
    -Pym's contribution to the development of the Royalist party
    -Laud, anti-catholism and Irish Rebellion
    -Charles being authoritarian

    Is that alright?
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    It would be fine but its not on the sec a spec which is

    1629 to 1640 personal rule ans breakdown of it
    First civil war why parl won/ royalists lost
    1646-53 searxh for settlement
    1660-7 restoration
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    anyone else terrified for tomorrow? No? Just me?

    :zomg::zomg:
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    Yeah I am lol, I'm hoping something on the success of the Commonwealth comes up.
 
 
 
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