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    what are the predicted grade boundaries?
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    C3 anyone?
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    (Original post by olivialilyholt)
    what are the predicted grade boundaries?
    36 for an A, 42 for an A*
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    Oh good think I've got about 42 not including the 6 marker. Thank you so much this was so useful!
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    (Original post by ladyrailly)
    It was only 1 mark, you'll be fine Unless you mean the entire question and not just that specific part, in which case good luck with that

    (also nice icon )
    Yeah it was just the 1 mark, I did the rest thank god! And thanks haha
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    (Original post by neil20143)
    Hi I tried to make an unofficial mark scheme for this. Please be free to add things

    1a. State one conclusion about the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction? (1 mark)
    -An increase in temperature increases the rate of reaction

    aii. One reason why? (1 mark)
    -Because the volume of gas being produced at 40 degrees was more rapid than at 20 degrees.

    a(iii). Average rate (1 mark)
    -2 cm cubed per second (I think)

    1 (b) two students should the student keep constant? (2 marks)
    -Mass of Marble Chips
    -Concentration of acid

    b ii. Increasing the surface area affect the rate of reaction? (2 marks)

    -Increases the rate of reaction
    -As the particles are colliding more frequently (more successful collisions)

    c. Why does a catalyst reduce costs?
    -Because less energy is needed to start the reaction (as it has a lower activation energy)

    (there may be alternatives)

    2 (a). What could the student see? (1 mark)
    -Copper being formed (brown) or zinc disappearing

    2(b).Improves the investigation? (2 marks)
    Improvement: Use a lid/ insulate the container
    Reason: Prevents heat from being transferred to the surroundings/escaping.

    2c (6 marker - will do later at some point)

    3 (a). How does a metal conduct electricity? (4 marks)
    -Delocalised electrons can move through the metal
    -Transfer electrical charge
    -Sea of moving electrons (structure)
    -Lattice of positive ions (structure)

    3(b). Describe the structure of an alloy is different to a metal (2 marks)
    -Different elements with different sizes
    -Distort layers in the mixture, preventing them from sliding over each other.
    OR
    -Irregular pattern of atoms.

    3(c). Why is Nitinol used in braces? (1 mark)
    -Hard/strong/corrosive-resistant/smart-alloy

    3(c) (ii). Why are coins not made out of pure copper? (1 mark)
    -Because it is too soft so will corrode

    3 (c) (iii)). Aluminium Oxide

    3 (c) (iv). How can the reaction produce two different products? (1 mark)
    -Made using different reaction conditions / any specified reaction condition (e.g. pressure, temperature).
    -Using different catalysts

    3(d). Instrumental methods are used to detect impurities? (2 marks)
    Any two from:
    -They use very little samples.
    -Accurate
    -Sensitive
    -Fast

    4 (a). Why does Lithium have 7 as it's atomic number? (3 marks)
    -3 protons
    -4 neutrons
    -3 + 4 = 7 which is its mass
    -electrons have a very small mass.

    4(b). Complete the sentences (2 marks)
    -Grams
    -Carbon-12

    4(c). Isotope differences (3 marks)
    -18-Oxygen had 2 more neutrons than 16-Oxygen
    -Same number of protons
    -Same number of electrons

    5 (a). Name a soluble compound that contains silver
    (1 mark)
    -Silver Nitrate

    5(a) ii Compound containing carbonate ions (1 mark)
    -Potassium or Sodium Carbonate

    5(b) (1 mark)
    -(insoluble)Base

    5(c) (i). State how lead nitrate can be obtained from lead nitrate oxide (1 mark)
    -Crystalisation
    -Evaporate and leave to dry.

    5c(ii) (1 mark)

    Pbo + 2HNO3 = PB(NO3) + H2O

    5c (iii). number of atoms in the compound
    -9

    5(d). Empirical Formula (4 marks)
    Pb2O3


    6(a). Structure and bonding in sodium chloride (4 marks)
    -Ionic Bonding
    -Sodium atoms lose one electron to form positive ions
    -Chloride ions gain one electron to form negative ions
    -Opposites attract
    -Giant ionic structure
    -Cubic Lattice
    -Electrostatic forces

    Any of these should get the mark I think

    6(b). Other products when brine is electrolysed (2 marks)
    -Sodium Hydroxide
    -Hydrogen

    6(c). Ethical reason for not putting Iodine in food (1 mark)
    -People may not want to have these extra Iodine amount (no choice)

    6(d) (i). (2 marks)
    -3 electrons lone pairs and one covalent bond

    6(d) (ii). Why does Iodine have a low melting point (3 marks)
    -Simple molecules
    -Weak intermollecular forces
    -Little energy needed to break them down

    6(d) (iii). Why does iodine not conduct electricity? (2 marks)
    -No overall charge so can't carry electrical charge

    (I'm not sure about this question)
    You're an absolute lad. Serioulsy. Are these likely to be the right answers? If so, I only seem to have lost 2 or 3 marks on the 1 markers. Is the 6 marker just describing the graph and stating about the effect of concentration on reaction rate?
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    (Original post by tarick)
    hmm according to this i lost 10 marks. Hmm :s
    dude if this is true youre a genious!?!
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    For the six mark question, I am pretty sure that the reaction was exothermic because an exothermic reaction can be measured by a rise in temperature. As the concentration increased, the temperature also increased, so i think the reaction is exothermic. An endothermic reaction can be measured by a fall in temperature.
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    (Original post by Uzibear)
    For the six mark question, I am pretty sure that the reaction was exothermic because an exothermic reaction can be measured by a rise in temperature. As the concentration increased, the temperature also increased, so i think the reaction is exothermic. An endothermic reaction can be measured by a fall in temperature.
    I got this too
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    Being harsh on myself, I lost 10 marks. That's not good at all.
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    More grade boundary predictions for C2 and C3?
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    C2 I reckon will be quite high, about 47 and C3 will be lower, at about 42
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    (Original post by JG12333)
    6 (d) iii, I put because there are no free ions to conduct the electricity, pretty confident on that. and for 1 (b) I put the concentration and mass of marble chips. could be wrong though!
    i said the same thing for the answers u just said
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    I think i got like 45 according to my marking
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    (Original post by neon_reaper)
    C2 I reckon will be quite high, about 47 and C3 will be lower, at about 42
    Last year C2 was 48 and C3 47 do u think they will nuke C3 so much?
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    For the copper one, I said 'Because pure copper is running out' idk
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    3c i is because it changes shape when heated in the mouth so pulls the braces into shape with it
    • Thread Starter
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    (Original post by Ankit.B)
    Last year C2 was 48 and C3 47 do u think they will nuke C3 so much?
    Probably 49/60 for C2 (bye A* ) and 44/60 for C3.
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    Do you think saying Zinc dissolves instead of disappears is fine?
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    (Original post by neil20143)
    It depends on the mark scheme They may not even give any marks for the electron transfer and just for the ones you've mentioned (maybe breaking electrostatic forces between the ions point into two seperate marks)
    I've had a look at some previous past papers. It seems to me only the questions which directly ask "What happens when sodium atoms react with iodine atomsto produce sodium iodide" involve marks about losing and gaining electrons.

    So hopefully my answer was okay
 
 
 
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