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    (Original post by TelAviv)
    Call it an 'oversimplification' to definitively say one is better than the other.

    Hard engineering projects are generally better at actually preventing coastal erosion, but are often very expensive, aesthetically unpleasing and can harm to environment. Some hard engineering projects also exacerbate problems in other areas

    Soft engineering projects on the other hand, are significantly cheaper as they are more based on planning and making strategic decisions to save as much as possible without the massive costs. You should mention, however, that in the short-term this can be more expensive than hard engineering projects such as land use management forcing property developers to use more expensive land away from the coast, thus raising the prices for consumers.
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    I got 100% UMS on this paper last year and wrote an extended version of that ^ for one of the longer questions
    thank you to you sir you may have saved my geography career!!
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    Fold mountains - Alps , the Rockies , Himalayas ,

    Volcanoes - St helens , yellowstone , Montserrat

    EarthQuakes - Kobe , kashmire

    Tsunamis - boxing day 2004
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    No the water on the land question last year was the obscure one about erosion and deposition
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    (Original post by IGCSETANK)
    Kielder water definitely came up - explain disadvantages / advantages of a reservoir scheme you have studied ( Q4d - around that number any way)
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    (Original post by Adzkii786)
    How are Shield volcanoes formed?
    Use this link to help you , http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebit...oes_rev3.shtml
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    (Original post by willsp8)
    Montserrat - Eruption of Volcano LEDC
    Yellowstone - Supervolcano (potential impacts)
    L'Aquila, Italy - Earthquake MEDC
    Kashmir, Pakistan - Earthquake LEDC
    Asian Boxing Day 2004 - Tsunami
    The Alps - Adaptations and Uses in Fold Mountains
    do we need to know a eruption of a volcano for a MEDC or just a LEDC
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    Shield volcanoes are formed along constructive plate boundaries where the tectonic plates are moving away from each other. This creates a gap allowing rising magma to erupt st the surface and then solidify to create a shield volcano
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    (Original post by Adzkii786)
    How are Shield volcanoes formed?
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    What topics are most likely to come up??
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    (Original post by EJReyno)
    Shield volcanoes are formed along constructive plate boundaries where the tectonic plates are moving away from each other. This creates a gap allowing rising magma to erupt st the surface and then solidify to create a shield volcano
    dont forget hotspots!!!
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    (Original post by Devvvv)
    What topics are most likely to come up??
    cannot predict revise everything for your lifeeeeeeeeee!!! + I think LEDC earthquake is sending me vibezzzzz
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    Anyone done the rutland case study for water ol? Cause I can't find much information
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    (Original post by willsp8)
    Yes there is always an 8 marker which usually means describing a process or a case study question.

    A possible of up to 16 case studies could come up so its best to prep for all of them with some 8 markers
    I think that the coastal zone 8 marker may be hard and soft engineering
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    (Original post by SK_317)
    Does anyone have any idea for: restless earth, ice on land and coastal zone? much appreciated
    Little bits for Restless earth and things to revise, hope this helps

    The structure of the earth; Inner core, Outer core, Mantle and the crust. The two different types. Oceanic and Continental.

    Plate boundaries- Destructive; Where two plates collide and one plate flows beneath the other- subduction, examples- Nazca plate and South American Plate.
    Constructive; Rising convection current pulls crust apart forming volcanic ridges- Mid Atlantic Ridge, E.G Eurasian and North American Plate.
    Conservative- Two plates slide past each other, earthquakes occur here, e.g San Andreas Fault, California.
    Collision- Two continental plates collide and the two plates buckle- earthquakes. E.g Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates.

    Volcanic Hazards from Shield Volcanoes to Composite Volcanoes

    Earthquake hazard, examples- Kashmir 2005 and California in 1999 (CASESTUDIES)

    Hati- 7.0 on the Richter scale (CASE STUDY)
    Primary Impacts and Secondary Impacts

    Managing Earthquakes and Volcanic hazards.

    Signs of Volcano nearing eruption, increase gas emissions and soil temperature.

    Earthquake preparation.

    What is needed after a natural disaster- CASESTUDY.
    Izmit Earthquake 1999
    Immediate response and relief efforts.
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    (Original post by EJReyno)
    Anyone done the rutland case study for water ol? Cause I can't find much information
    For water world I would use case studies such as:
    The Colorado River,USA
    The Three Gorges Dam,China.
    For large scales.

    Small Scale Water Management
    Wells
    Hand pumps
    Rain barrel
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    Yeah that's what i have but i find its really general and not specfic
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    (Original post by IGCSETANK)
    Wouldn't revise Kielder water - came up last year.
    Wouldn't revise tsunami - came up 2 years ago
    Wouldn't revise management strategies ( coastal zone ) - came up last year
    That's 3 less
    Don't take this completely on board though coz AQA love to throw us in at the deep end hahah
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    Has anyone else done rocks? Any predictions?
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    (Original post by Adzkii786)
    How are Shield volcanoes formed?
    At constructive plate margins where two plates move apart from each other and magma rises to fill the gap
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    (Original post by gdg123)
    do we need to know a eruption of a volcano for a MEDC or just a LEDC
    On my checklist you only need one example (the LEDC and MEDC bit isnt really significant, just thought I'd put it in there) but the earthquake needs both as a compare question could come up
 
 
 
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