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OCR AS sociology G671 Pre-release watch

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    (Original post by Popsicle1)
    Hi All


    What are your predictions for the 24 and 12 markers?

    Is everybody focusing their revision on ethnicity or do you think I should look into age, gender also etc?


    Thank you! J
    Definitely don't neglect age and gender. It's likely that, with the 16 mark and 24 mark questions, one of them won't be on ethnicity. I reckon they may throw in an age question because he's researching children in particular.

    (Original post by Jamie585)
    Anyone have a 52 mark essay structure plan?
    How I approach 52 mark questions is:
    Introduction with definitions
    Theoretical strengths and weaknesses (this should be the bulkiest paragraph)
    Practical strengths and weaknesses
    Ethical strengths and weaknesses
    Other possible methods
    Conclusion

    This is not necessarily the best way, but I find it the easiest.
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    (Original post by Toriar)
    Definitely don't neglect age and gender. It's likely that, with the 12 mark and 24 mark questions, one of them won't be on ethnicity. I reckon they may throw in an age question because he's researching children in particular.



    How I approach 52 mark questions is:
    Introduction with definitions
    Theoretical strengths and weaknesses (this should be the bulkiest paragraph)
    Practical strengths and weaknesses
    Ethical strengths and weaknesses
    Other possible methods
    Conclusion

    This is not necessarily the best way, but I find it the easiest.

    There is no 12 marker.
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    (Original post by Popsicle1)
    Hi All


    What are your predictions for the 24 and 12 markers?

    Is everybody focusing their revision on ethnicity or do you think I should look into age, gender also etc?


    Thank you! J
    by 12 markers do u mean 16?
    Also, focus on ethnicty and age. gender and social class will not come up...well that's what I have been told.
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    If Holden uses mixed methods, can anyone tell me which research methods in the pre release are quantitative and which are qualitative? THANKYOU!!!
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    (Original post by Jamie585)
    If Holden uses mixed methods, can anyone tell me which research methods in the pre release are quantitative and which are qualitative? THANKYOU!!!
    Quantative methods:

    Primary Data
    - Questionnaire (structure = closed questionnaire)
    - Structured observations (debatable can be qualitative also but since he want's a scientific approach to the research could count it as quantative)

    Secondary data
    - Census
    - Public documents i.e ''early years and website material''

    (double check the secondary data bit though...not sure anyone correct me please)

    Qulatative methods

    Overt non-participant observations

    NOTE OBSERVATION BIT IS DEBATABLE SO DOUBLE CHECK WITH OTHERS
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    (Original post by Jamie585)
    If Holden uses mixed methods, can anyone tell me which research methods in the pre release are quantitative and which are qualitative? THANKYOU!!!
    Mixed methods doesn't necessarily have to involve both quantitative and qualitative methods and in this case, predominantly quantitative methods are used. However, overt non-participant observations is a qualitative method but Holden obtained mainly quantitative data as he used a structure schedule to input his data so that can be discussed as it reflects his positivist approach.

    Quantitative
    - Secondary Research (This is true with the census however the other documents may be debatable as the type of data is not disclosed. However, as far as I know the secondary research as a whole is a quantitative method?)
    - Self-Completion Structured Questionnaires

    Qualitative
    - Overt Non-Participant Observation (w/ Quantitative Data obtained)

    Although I'm not 100% sure, I hope it helped though.
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    I've heard this term used in evaluating Holdens research and I don't know if I've heard/read it rights, I would love for someone to explain it to me >.<

    what are fatigue effect?

    Thanks you, this thread has been a life saver, as I'm retaking G671.
    also I have a load of studies like 20+ around ethnicity and agents of Socialisation etc, how may do you think I should use in the paper overall?
    i read last years examiners report, and apparently everyone's (including mine) were seriously lacking in sociological evidence (names, concept, knowledge) so do I just go over board their mentioning names and theories? X
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    (Original post by Becca_settle)
    I've heard this term used in evaluating Holdens research and I don't know if I've heard/read it rights, I would love for someone to explain it to me >.<

    what are fatigue effect?

    Thanks you, this thread has been a life saver, as I'm retaking G671.
    also I have a load of studies like 20+ around ethnicity and agents of Socialisation etc, how may do you think I should use in the paper overall?
    i read last years examiners report, and apparently everyone's (including mine) were seriously lacking in sociological evidence (names, concept, knowledge) so do I just go over board their mentioning names and theories? X
    I'm not 100% sure but the fatigue effect seems to be where fatigue/tiredness leads to a loss in productivity. I can't see where it'll link to Holden's research though - maybe you're thinking of a different effect? The Hawthorne effect maybe?.

    On question 1, you can use a study if you can or just two examples. On question 2, 3/4 of the marks are Knowledge and Understanding so be sure to put around one or two studies per paragraph. On question 3, you should be adding around 3-4 studies and be able to interpret and analyse them. On question 4, the pre-release should be sufficient however adding any relevant studies is definitely recommended. Overall, it definitely won't hurt to go overboard but do remember time is limited and knowledge and understanding marks are capped. Hope this helped and good luck!
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    (Original post by candyfloss_1)
    There is no 12 marker.
    Sorry idk why I put that, I meant the 16 marker, you know what I mean :P
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    my teacher told us to completely disregard gender and age identities and just focus on ethnicity as all 8mark, 16 and 24 will be on ethnicities. I am clueless as to where this is sourced from but if something other than ethnicity did come up he would fail 20+ students and loose his 16year job? So i can only feel the source is somewhat reliable as he claims to use this method every year and is considered one of the most successful teachers in my school

    dunno what to do?!?!!?!?!
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    (Original post by greenboy97)
    my teacher told us to completely disregard gender and age identities and just focus on ethnicity as all 8mark, 16 and 24 will be on ethnicities. I am clueless as to where this is sourced from but if something other than ethnicity did come up he would fail 20+ students and loose his 16year job? So i can only feel the source is somewhat reliable as he claims to use this method every year and is considered one of the most successful teachers in my school

    dunno what to do?!?!!?!?!
    Is he an examiner for OCR sociology? if he is theres a chance hes seen the paper
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    LOOKING FOR ADVICE ON HOW TO IMPROVE THIS STRUCTURE FOR THE 52 MARKER?

    Step 1 – Explain the concept
    · Quantitative research - (numbers/statistics)
    · non-participant observation - (watching your sample but not getting involved)
    · structured observation - (watching sample in a certain way looking for particular things)
    · questionnaires - (series of structure questions on paper – quantitative)
    · mixed methods - (using more than one methods that often complement each other to acquire the information you desire)
    · secondary research - (using the research of someone else to support your study)
    · opportunity sampling - (creating a sample on whoever’s here at the given time)
    Step 2 – Brefily talk about the aim of Holdens study
    Holdens study looked to evaluate whether the area of Blackburn was multicultural (parekh) and identities of inhabitants were hybrid (back), or whether the population is culturally diverse (parekh) and people opted to remain in cultural comfort zones (sewell). To do this Holden focused on children, to see if play between Blackburn’s two dominant ethnicities, white and Asian, is integrated. Additionally he carried out a questionnaire which aimed to discover whether the children’s actions were values gained from their parents and whether playing with children from other ethnicities may have been influenced by the children’s passive identities (Bradley).
    Step 3 - Explain positivism
    Holden is a positivist; these are sociologists who see gathering statistics and numerical data as the most adequate way to study society, they present their data in a series of graphs and charts and study them for significant trends and patterns. Positivists favour replicable methods such as structured interviews as this allows other sociologist’s to compare and contrast their findings and repeat them, this makes it reliable.
    Step 4 - Reliability (method) advantages/disadvantages
    Step 5 - Generalizability (sample) advantages/disadantages
    Step 6- Evaluate/Interpretivism
    Interpretivism is the opposing approach to positivism and focuses on qualatitve data, this data is not numerical but in depth narrative obtained from such techniques as unstructured interviews, it allows them a greater insight into individual’s opinions and beliefs as opposed to interpreting statistics. Interpretivists believe human beings are to complex to not study in depth.
    Step 7 - Validity (findings) advantages/disadvantages
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    (Original post by Hally !)
    Is he an examiner for OCR sociology? if he is theres a chance hes seen the paper
    theres a chance he is, i know hes been teaching ocr for ages now i could imagine him getting an examiner job however hes extremely discreet about where he gets his information from (maybe the black market ahaha) but yeah hes very prominent it will al be on ethnicity to the point he told students off for revising other stuff
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    Please could you help me? I'm unsure of how to answer the 8 markers and my exam is tomorrow!
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    (Original post by greenboy97)
    theres a chance he is, i know hes been teaching ocr for ages now i could imagine him getting an examiner job however hes extremely discreet about where he gets his information from (maybe the black market ahaha) but yeah hes very prominent it will al be on ethnicity to the point he told students off for revising other stuff
    Did his last year predictions actually work out? In regards to this year, if he's most definitely saying that Q1,2,3 are going to be etnicity then he may perhaps be an ocr examiner. However, I highly doubt that the first 3 questions will all be on ethnicity, perhaps maybe on 2 but not all of them.
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    How would answer this question 'Outline and explain two ways in which young people are influenced by peers'?
    Would you have to talk about how peers influence two forms of young people's identity (eg gender/ethnicty) or would you answer it differently?
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    For the 16 and 24 markers ensure you can answer all questions that could ever come up but ensure those that are likely to come up (ethnicity and age) are remembered the best.
    For 52 mark question the structure is
    Intro
    Quantitative method - advantages
    Secondary research - advantages
    Non participant overt observation - advantages
    Questionnaire - advantages
    Optional - Include sampling method and advantages
    Theories - positivism and interpretivism
    Disadvantages of each method
    Include how disadvantages can be removed - in this research you can state that to remove some of the disadvantages you can include unstructured interviews as a method
    You do not want to state that representativeness and generalisability is a disadvantage it is an advantage in this study due to studying ethnic diversity.
    With the observations of children remember interactions can be misinterpreted as ethnicity may not be the reason children are not playing with each other - to resolve this interview children or give them questionnaires in order to find the reasons as to why they were not playing with children of a different ethnicity to eliminate any other factors influencing play.
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    (Original post by greenboy97)
    theres a chance he is, i know hes been teaching ocr for ages now i could imagine him getting an examiner job however hes extremely discreet about where he gets his information from (maybe the black market ahaha) but yeah hes very prominent it will al be on ethnicity to the point he told students off for revising other stuff
    Haha your probably right then I haven't revised much so ill just focus on ethnicity and a bit of age
    hope your right
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    Taken from the 48/52 an​swer
    One of the advantages of non-participant observations is that by reducing the level of interaction between the researcher and participants you can reduce the risk of the Hawthorne effect, which happens if the observation is covert. The Hawthorne effect, in terms of Holden’s research, is the idea that the behaviour of children changes or improves when observation is covert. However, this is not the case with Holden’s research because he chooses non-participant observation to make sure that his research carried is reliable. Not only that, this type of observation is easier to record information and observations if you are not participating. This as a result, increases the validity of the task being carried because if recording the integration play of children is made easy, Holden’s research is likely to be much more analytical and clear.

    This part is incorrect overt observation can always lead to changes in behaviour it is covert observation that would reduce the risk of the Hawthorne effect. The Hawthorne effect only occurs when the participants know that they are being observed as this would cause them to change their behaviour. How you got 48/52 marks is beyond me because you have got more irrelevant and inaccurate points in your essay.
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    (Original post by tasha212)
    Taken from the 48/52 an​swer
    One of the advantages of non-participant observations is that by reducing the level of interaction between the researcher and participants you can reduce the risk of the Hawthorne effect, which happens if the observation is covert. The Hawthorne effect, in terms of Holden’s research, is the idea that the behaviour of children changes or improves when observation is covert. However, this is not the case with Holden’s research because he chooses non-participant observation to make sure that his research carried is reliable. Not only that, this type of observation is easier to record information and observations if you are not participating. This as a result, increases the validity of the task being carried because if recording the integration play of children is made easy, Holden’s research is likely to be much more analytical and clear.

    This part is incorrect overt observation can always lead to changes in behaviour it is covert observation that would reduce the risk of the Hawthorne effect. The Hawthorne effect only occurs when the participants know that they are being observed as this would cause them to change their behaviour. How you got 48/52 marks is beyond me because you have got more irrelevant and inaccurate points in your essay.

    I agree, I skimmed through it and found many important points he could add.
    Also, I don't think he included the aims...or the background of the researcher. Guys..you have to include this to get full marks!
 
 
 
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