What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? Watch

yesioo
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^^^
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BioSam
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In type 1 the body does not produce insulin.
In type 2 the body does produce insulin, but the cells that it targets do not respond to its presence.
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WhatTheFunk
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type 1 juvenile diabetess an autoimmune disease that results in destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas

type 2 adult-onset diabetes characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency
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dschna
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Then where does hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia come in? I.e. body doesn't produce enough blood sugar and the body produces too much, respectively.
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BioSam
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(Original post by dschna)
Then where does hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia come in? I.e. body doesn't produce enough blood sugar and the body produces too much, respectively.
Well if insulin is not released (type 1) or the body's cells are unresponsive to its presence (type 2), then the person would suffer hyperglycaemia after a meal (especially one rich in carbohydrates) because glucose would be absorbed into the bloodstream and the mechanisms which usually get rid of circulating glucose would fail.

Hypoglycaemia would be a response to an overdose of insulin (hyperinsulinaemia) such that too much glucose is removed from the blood, which is why diabetics who inject insulin have to watch the frequency and amount they are injecting.
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dschna
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Yeah, I'm no biologist, I just saw the thread on 'My TSR'. I'm an architect (...in training)
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nexttime
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Insulin not only affects glucose also - its a general anabolic hormone that helps you put on fat and muscle, so type 1 diabetics have big problems putting on weight, whereas type II is common in obese individuals. That's also why insulin can be used by athletes to increase performance (illegally).
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shreya.pandey
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In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce any insulin for the blood cells to absorb to generate energy. In this case, most of the times, insulin is injected at a regular dose to the patient. Type 1 diabetes can exist since childhood and hypoglycemia is common among type 1 diabetics.
In type 2 diabetes, your body is either not producing enough insulin or your body is not able to use the generated insulin effectively in which case your diabetician will prescribe a pill like ime9 in order to catalyze the process inside your endocrine system.
Either way, diabetes is harmful and a regular diet and a healthy life style is advised in order to maintain yourself.
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