Right i know how to combine 2 half equations to an ionic equation how do i get from that to a full equation? Any help please?
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Half equations to ionic equations to full equations watch
- Thread Starter
- 26-06-2005 19:39
- 26-06-2005 19:40
Just pair up the ions to make salts?
- 26-06-2005 19:44
You need to know the E.M.F values to see which reaction is feasible. What is an example of the question you're trying to do?
- 26-06-2005 19:45
soz misread it, yeah, u pair up the ions
- 26-06-2005 19:50
Say for example they give you this:
2C02 + 2e -----> C2O4 2- (Equation 1)
MnO4- +8H+ +5e ---> Mn2+ +4H2O (Equation 2)
Reverse the first equation to get C2O4 2- ----> 2CO2 + 2e (Equation 3)
tHEN BALANCE THE e, this is done by multiplying equation 3 by 5 and equation 2 by 2
To get 5C2O4 2- ---->10CO2 + 10E
2MnO4- + 16H+ + 10e ----> 2Mn2+ + 8H20
Then add both together, to get the overall equation:
5c2042- + 2Mn04- +16 H+ -----> 10C02 + 2Mn2+ + 8H20
Please note when adding the H+ may cancel out, just like this equation
And do not add the electrons in the final equation
- Thread Starter
- 26-06-2005 23:12
Why is the first equation reversed can someone explain please i understand the rest.
Offline17ReputationRep:Community AssistantStudy Helper
- Community Assistant
- Study Helper
- 27-06-2005 08:47
you have to pair up a reduction with an oxidation to make an equal number of electrons on both sides when you add the equations together.
What you are effectively saying is that equation 1 must provide the electrons that are going to be used in equation 2 (or vice versa)
The way to find out which of the half equations is a reduction and which is an oxidation requires use ofelectrode potentials.
Put together a pair of half equations - one reduction (electrons on the left hand side)and one oxidation (electrons on the right hand side)
now check out E= E(red) - E(ox)
...where E(red) is the electrode potential of the half equation undergoing reduction and E(ox) is the electrode potential of the half equation undergoing oxidation.
If the value for Eº given is positive and greater than +0.3 (this value differs in different courses some say +0.4) then the reaction is spontanous when the two half equations are added together.
If you are happy with the equations this way round (ie Eº is > +0.3) then multiply each equation to make the number of electrons on the left in one half equation equal to the number of electrons on the RHS of the other equation and simply add the two equations together, cancelling out the electrons in the process.
To make a full equation WITH balancing ions you have to add in all of the original balancing ions from the species that you originally used - this process is fundamentally worthless as all the other ions are spectator ions and not involved in the reaction.
But, if you are desperate to do so for example:
after constructing the ionic equation you may get...
MnO4(-) + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ --> Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ + 4H2O
the MnO4(-) was added using KMnO4 so that makes one K+ ion
the Fe2+ was added using FeSO4 so that makes 5SO4(2-) ions
the H+ weas added using H2SO4 so that makes 4 more SO4(2-) ions
so now our equation looks like:
KMnO4 + 5FeSO4 + 4H2SO4 --> MnSO4 + 5/2Fe2(SO4)3 + 4H2O + 1/2K2SO4
multiply through by two to remove fractions
2KMnO4 +10FeSO4 +8H2SO4 --> 2MnSO4 + 5Fe2(SO4)3 + 8H2O + K2SO4
pretty useless but correct!