# Optimisation AS Level!

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#1
Could someone explain to me how to do these two optimisation questions.

1)
An open toppped box has height h cm and square base of side xcm.

The box has capacity Vcm^3. The area of its external surface consisting of its horizontal base and four vertical faces is Acm^2

a) Find expressions for V and A in terms of x and h.

b) It is given that A = 3000

i) Show that V=750x - 1/4x^3

ii) Find the positive value of x for which DV/dx = 0 giving your answer in surd form.

2)
Small trays are to be made from rectangular pieces of card. Each piece of card is 8cm by 5cm and the tray is formed by removing squaress of side xcm from each corner and folding the remaining card along the dashed lines.

a) Explain why 0 < x < 2.5

b) Show that the volume Vcm^3, of a tray is given by
V = 4x^3 - 26x^2 + 40x

c) Find the value of x for which dV/dx = 0

d) Calculate the greatest possible volume of a tray
0
16 years ago
#2
1)
a) You should be able to do these.
b)
(i) Substitute 3000 into the equation you found for A in part a) in order to find h in terms of x. Then substitute this expression for h into your equation for V. Rearrange to give the required result.
(ii) Differentiate V wrt x, set to zero, solve quadratic.
0
16 years ago
#3
(Original post by mikesgt2)
1)
a) You should be able to do these.
b)
(i) Substitute 3000 into the equation you found for A in part a) in order to find h in terms of x. Then substitute this expression for h into your equation for V. Rearrange to give the required result.
(ii) Differentiate V wrt x, set to zero, solve quadratic.
Interesting...

For b): I get...

x^2 + 4hx = 3000

And I was wondering how to solve for x...
0
16 years ago
#4
(Original post by 2776)
Interesting...

For b): I get...

x^2 + 4hx = 3000

And I was wondering how to solve for x...
4hx = 3000 - x^2
h = ( 3000 - x^2 )/4x = 750/x - x/4

Sub this into the equation for V...

V = hx^2 = ( 750/x - x/4 )x^2 = 750x - (x^3)/4
0
16 years ago
#5
(Original post by mikesgt2)
4hx = 3000 - x^2
h = ( 3000 - x^2 )/4x = 750/x - x/4

Sub this into the equation for V...

V = hx^2 = ( 750/x - x/4 )x^2 = 750x - (x^3)/4
Thats really clever...never thought of doing it that way.
0
16 years ago
#6
(Original post by 2776 2)
Thats really clever...never thought of doing it that way.
Are you the same person as 2776?
0
16 years ago
#7
(Original post by mikesgt2)
Are you the same person as 2776?
Yes. Or more aptly, 2776 is the same person as me.
0
16 years ago
#8
(Original post by 2776 2)
Yes. Or more aptly, 2776 is the same person as me.
why did u change ur screen name ???
0
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