Aim: To create a more realistic study of obedience than Milgram’s by carrying out field studies on nurses who were unaware that they were involved in an experiment.
Procedure: Nurses in a hospital were given orders from a ‘doctor’ over the telephone to administer a dose of medication above the maximum allowed. The nurses were watched to see what they would do. The medication was not real, though the nurses thought it was.
Results: 21 out of 22 nurses were easily influenced into carrying out the orders. They were not supposed to take instructions by phone, let alone exceed the allowed dose.
When other nurses were asked to discuss what they would do in a similar situation, 21 out of 22 said they would not comply with the order.
Conclusions: Hofling demonstrated that people are very unwilling to question supposed ‘authority’, even when they might have good reason to.
Evaluation: Like Milgram, Hofling was criticised on ethical grounds. This was because the nurses were not aware that they were in a psychological study and could have felt threatened by the results and their implications.
cldnt find my notes, but i got my results from s-cool(the ones above)
is a really good website for psychology, it doesnt go into a lot of detail about everything, but sometimes it helps you to understand the more complicated aspects
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