Early years of the PRC (1949 to 57), brainstorm - go.
Just post any things off the top of your head and read the posts of others, I'm looking to see if this could help with revision.
I'm going to brainstorm on the ways that the PRC and CCP established a firm grip over the Chinese population.
- Structure of the government meant that the 6 designated areas of China were run by 4 top officials; a chairman, a party secretary, a military commander and a political commissar. As 2 of the mentioned positions were direct military branches China became a very military controlled country.
- Series of campaigns indicated the force at which the government was willing to drive the country in the way it wanted. In 1950 3 PLA armies were deployed to Tibet, Xinjiang and Guangdong. For Tibet, the invasion was justified by the PRC claiming that it had belonged to them all along. As the Tibetan army lacked experience and weaponry, the 60 000 strong force was no match to defend the native land and culture.
Increased political control-
- Mao introduced anti-movement policies to repress any opposition to his power. Originally there were 3 such targets; waste, corruption and inefficiency. However by 1952 (a year later) it was adjusted to contain 5 different anti-movements in an effort to stimulate the economy. These were Industrial sabotage, tax evasion, bribery, fraud and theft of gov. property.
- Aim was to destroy "the bureaucratic capitalist class"
This contradicted his earlier toleration during the first 3 years of communist rule - could refer to later Hundred Flowers campaign in 1956-57 which was used to single out opponents
- Actual activities covered by pretext of defending the people, rather than targeting them.
- The 10 parties in 1949, some consisting of GMD break-offs, were broken down to just the one by 1952, effectively making China a one-party state.
- Mass campaigns and political purges increased the power of the CCP as there were fewer and fewer opposing forces who could step and say anything.
- Anyone showing anti-communist signs were targeted and dubbed "counterrevolutionaries".
- 130 000 rounded up in Guangzhou in early 1950's. The captures were claimed to be "bandits and criminals". In the end, over 50% were executed.
- No one was safe from spies and informants who would not hesitate in reporting curious cases to the CCP. - Neighbours spied on each other and parents were ratted by their own children, proving that the brainwashing of the communist party was working.
- Anyone who refused to join the regime was labelled a class enemy.
- Nations surrounding China were forced into being politically bound to the government of China.
OK that's me for now. Hope this thread gets some other takers.