'The need to modernise their backward economy was the most important reason why the rulers of Russia introduced reforms'. How far do you agree with this view of the period from 1855 to 1964? (60)
Has anyone got a model answer for this question? I'm struggling with all the synthesis needed for this question.
My school did it as a practice, I got 54/60 - hardly a "model answer" but hopefully my structure is somehow helpful!
1. economic backwardness
2. need to catch up with the west
4. war or fear of war
then I said in my conclusion that war was the most important reason as it exposed the backwardness and sparked the need to catch up with the west bla bla bla...
If it's still unclear I'll type my essay up.
Hi, thanks for replying. I had a similar structure worked out, but my teacher told me that themes such as ideology are irrelevant for this question. I don't think he knows what he's doing lol.
Would it be too much hassle to type the essay up? No worries if you can't!
Thanks for the help
Hi, my school has been on the ball on the Russian topic leaving the coursework almost solely down us :'(, but on the bright side of things, it's meant we've had ample time for revision of Russia.
The best way to tackle this question I think is finding three or four things that drove reform in Russia.
Firstly, the named reason, the economy. Alexander III with Count Witte to improve industrial output, Stalin with the first two 'five-year-plans' to modernise heavy industry, for example.
Secondly I would choose society. Alexander II and the emancipation of the serfs, The october manifesto under Nicholas II, Khrushchev introducing larger consumer industry to improve living standards.
Thirdly I would choose Political tension / revolution. The assassination of Alexander II caused harsh reforms from his son to avoid a repeat. The october 1917 revolution caused massive reform in respects to private property, shown with war communism and the requisition squads.
Finally I would choose War as the biggest contributing factor to reform in Russia. The Crimean war at the beginning of the period caused the emancipation of the serfs (social reform). The Russo-Japanese war caused the october manifesto (political and social reform). The Russo-Turkish war caused Witte's great spurt (economical reform).
In the conclusion I would say that the social, political & economical reform were all as a result of a war which highlighted the inadequacies and the need for reform & change in those areas.
I hope this is of some help, you can choose any topic areas you wish, as you were saying earlier its perfectly possible to choose ideologies as a reason for reform, you just need to have examples where it has influenced reform in Russia. However, I would advise against going with things which are obscure. Try stick to social, economical, political and conflict as the four themes if you can, simply because they have the most accessible examples to use.
Anybody struggling to write three thematic sections which each cover all of the relevant rulers in one hour?
Give that you're spending at least 5 mins planning, 5 mins with your introduction and about 10 for your conclusion you've got about 13 mins for each section, covering the whole period in each one.
According to my teacher each section should start with a synoptic overview, followed by evidence and then an explanation (synthesis) explaining the pattern of continuity or change.
Doing that three times in one hour, plus planning, introduction and conclusion is not easy. grrr.
Yeah it's rubbish. Plus any event could be considered a turning point lol
Does anyone have the mark schemes for or at least know the key themes for the following?
Faced with a vast and backward empire, Russias rulersin the period 1855-1956 consistently viewed repression as there most effective tool of government. To what extent to you agree with this judgement? (jan 03 Q22)
The Rulers of Russia prefferd repression to reform. How far do you agree with this view for the period 1855-1956? (jun 06 Q22)
Why did the rulers of russia so often resort to reppresion in the period 1855-1956? (jan 02 Q22)
Really struggling with "Why were the opponents of the Tsars more successful than those who opposed the communist regime?" I have no idea how to structure an opposition question...Any one have any idea on what can be included?
What do people think will come up?
I hope WAR, Industry and Agriculture.
Does anyone know the three questions that came up in January 10? Thanks!