OCR A2 Psychology - G544 help needed Watch

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#1
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#1
Hello!

I would be delighted if someone could help me sort out my revision materials for G544 a little bit. We need to know 2 studies for each approach/perspective/issue/method/debate. What two studies will you use as examples for the following:


Issues:

Validity
Ecological validity
Reliability
Ethics


Debates:

Determinism vs free will
Reductionism vs holism
Nature vs nurture
Ethnocentrism
Psychology as a science
Individual vs situational explanations
The usefulness of psychological research

Thanks in advance
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eloisej2000
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I can help you with 3 (mine are lacking too!)

Ethics - Milgram, Watson and Raynor, Raine (if misused), Piliavin, Maguire
Determinism v free will - Sperry, Zimbardo, Asch (both), Gottesman and shields
Nature v nurture - Freud (nature altho' bit nurture, Watson and Raynore (nurture), Dement and kleitman (nature)

Gave you a choice as I'm aware not all colleges learn the same studies. Good luck!
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gilmoregirls1992
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I am doing G544 also..
and my teacher has said that longitunidal and snapshot studies may come up but what is a cross sectional study and what is an example of one?
thanksssss
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gilmoregirls1992
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oh and for usefulness of psychological research - you use Bandura Ross, et Ross's study on aggression ( which was actually AS study but it still counts and can be used)...this study has useful applications in that it informs us that actually if children watch and observe aggressive behaviour they are likely to copy it. this study also supports the nurture debate as the researchers are stating that aggression is something learnt through the enviornment and no INNATE at birth.
hope this is ok!
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Sayah Shade
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Ecological validity

Fisher et al (cognitive interview) is high in ecological validity as it was a field experiment and based on actual interviews...

Wood (role of tutoring in problem solving) can be low in ecological validity because in an actual lesson, the teacher cannot monitor each pupil individually, which you need to do if this scaffolding thing is to work in the real classroom setting.

not sure if you've done these studies but i hope it helped anyways =)
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gilmoregirls1992
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how much detail is everyone learning the debates in ( reductionism/holism, freewill/determinism etc) ???
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hockeylover
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I've got these so far:

Longitudinal: Farrington, Kohlberg and Kanner
Snapshot: Watson and Raynor, Raine

Nature: Brunner, Ohman, Raine, Dement and Klietman
Nurture: Farrington, Weatherburn, Sunderland, Watson and Raynor

Determinism: Asch, Nemeth
Free will: Ireland, Wheatley - these could be argued either way

Individual: Sutherland
Situational: Reicher and Haslam, Haney and Zimbardom, Milgram

Science; Brunner, Geer and Maisel,
Not Science: Hastie, Sunderland

Useful: Loftus, Johansonn
Not Useful: Daly and Wilson, Waxler and Morrison - no cause or effect

Validity: Johansonn, Brunner
In valid: Geer and Maisel, Bruce

Ecologically Valid: Fisher, Mann
Ecologically Invalid: Bruce, Dement and Klietman, Loftus and Palmer

Reliability: Kohlberg, Hastie
Unreliable: Frued and Thigpen and Cleckley

Ethical: Brunner,
Unethical: Piliavin, Milgram, Watson and Raynor

Ethnocentric: Weatherburn, Watt, Waxler and Morrison, Milgram
Cross Cultural: Kohlberg,

Then you just need strengths and weaknesses! Hope that helps!
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SoBrownie
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Ecological validity could be: Johansson and fisher
Nature vs nurture could be: farrington and raine
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cherryred90s
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(Original post by SoBrownie)
Ecological validity could be: Johansson and fisher
Nature vs nurture could be: farrington and raine
Thread is almost 6 yrs old, so I don't think OP needs help anymore lol
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