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    Can anyone help? I can't find anything online.
    It's a 10 mark question which says 'Distinguish between Adversarial and consensus politics'


    Consensus Politics
    This is the general agreement on how the country is run.
    From 1956 to 1979 there was a post-war consensus which ends when Thatcher comes to power. Both parties agreed on the welfare state, Keynesian economics and full employment and mixed employment.
    From 1994, New Labour and the Conservatives both agreed on a free market, low taxes, privatisation and deregulation.
    • It refers to a situation which the major political parties agree about key broad ideological goals.
    • The result of this overlap is that policy pronouncements and actions can be very similar between the major parties.
    • The degree of agreement does not necessarily need to be total and cover every issue, but it is significant and extensive.
    • The opposite or contrasting position is adversary politics where fundamental differences on ideology and policy options exist.
    • An example of policy consensus is the Butskellite consensus after the Second World War which lasted until the mid to late 1970’s.
    • A second example is the post-Thatcher consensus which developed in the 1990’s as the Labour Party accepted many of the policies of the Conservative governments of the 1980’s and 1990’s.
    Adversary Politics
    This is when parties disagree on how the country is run.
    From 1979 to 1994 there was adversary politics and no agreement at all. Labour was very left wing and Conservatives were very right wing.
    • A fundamental or ideological disagreement on key political ideas.
    • This may expand to cover policy delivery where party differences are over basic strategies rather than matters of emphasis or detail.
    • There is a lack of consensual areas upon which parties can agree upon, there is no bi-partisan approach adopted.
    • An example of this in the UK was the policies and approaches of the Labour Party and the Conservative party in the 1980’s.

    This is when parties never disagree and always work together. For example, they agreed on the war in Iraq or Afghanistan. Also they agreed on the health crisis of swine flu, floods and terrorist attacks 2007. They also always agree on Northern Island’s issues.

    My notes from last year's AS

    Adversarial politics is characterised by a sense of 'electoral battling'; as an institution, the House of Commons is significantly adversarial in that the opposing parties are physically opposed to each other through the seating arrangements. However, consensus politics is seen in select committees which use horse-shoe shaped seating to foster collegial, consenus politics.
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