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Resolution 2010/20 - Concerning the situation in the Ivory Coast Watch

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    Committee: General Assembly
    Submitted By: The Federative Republic of Brazil


    Concerned by the outcome of the recent presidential runoff election in the Ivory Coast;
    Alarmed by the fact that the Constitutional Court has declared Laurent Gbagbo the victor;
    Believing that Alassane Ouattara was democratically elected president;
    Disturbed by the deaths of protesters of the streets of Abidjan;
    Fearing that this could signal a return to the violence seen in the past;
    Disappointed by the fact that foreign journalists have been banned from the country;

    1. Expressing confidence in the election of Mr Ouattara;
    2. Noting the statements to the effect made by the Independent Electoral Commission, the US and the Secretary General;
    3. Requesting a second election to be held under the scrutiny of international observers;
    4. Further requesting additional international investigations into the conduct of the initial election;
    4. Calling for the UN to stand firm in its position, and not accede to demands to expel head of mission Choi Young-Jin;
    5. Further calling on UN forces in the country to ensure that the violence does not escalate;


    • The Ivory Coast slipped into internal strife several years after death of first President Felix Houphouet-Boigny in 1993;
    • An armed rebellion in 2002 split the country between rebel north and government south;
    • A power-sharing government took over in 2007;
    • Mr Ouattara largely draws support from the North, and Mr Gbagbo from the South;
    • Mr Gbagbo's supporters claimed that rebels helped rig the vote in favour of Mr Ouattara in areas in the North, despite UN observers saying that the vote was democratic and peaceful;
    • However the Constitutional Court, headed by a Gbagbo ally, agreed and annulled the votes from the north, leaving Mr Gbagbo with a slender overall majority;



    PLEASE NOTE:

    The resolution has been amended to include a call for a second election.
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    Brazil is disappointed by the lack of engagement of the international community on this issue.
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    [ooc] Can't wait a day mate? :P [/ooc]

    The Czech Republic is deeply concerned by the events in Ivory Coast and demands an investigation into the Election.
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    (Original post by FoolishUK)
    [ooc] Can't wait a day mate? :P [/ooc]
    [ooc] Perhaps I was a bit impatient [/ooc]
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    The PLO believes that although Mr Ouattara should be leader, a second democratic election should be held to ensure that Mr Gbagbo has not been unjustly demonised. Both are respectable parties and both would lead their nation to great new levels.

    The PLO will abstain from this issue
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    South Africa believes that a second election should be held to avoid further confusion, It may be that Mr Gbagbo has been democratically elected and we should prove this is not the case before taking action.

    South Africa also believes that the Constitutional Court of the Ivory Coast should provide evidence to support their decision to remove votes from the final tally.
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    Indonesia agrees with the representatives of South Africa and PLO in their demands that new elections should be held in Ivory Coast; parliament of one country should not refuse the majority of votes that someone gained in the free elections. Indonesia calls international community to put pressure on the Ivory Coast demanding that they insure new elections and this time respect wish of the people.
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    Italy expresses concern about the election in the Ivory Coast, we hope action is taken to further investigate by the international community.
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    The USA backs Alassane Ouattara and urges Laurent Gbagbo to accept defeat


    http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-dev...s-obama-letter

    http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp...7f29d9a3be.ca1
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    Norway expresses concerns about doubts surrounding the election results, and concurs with the Representative for the PLO that the fairest course of action for all parties is to repeat the election to ensure neither party has been unjustly treated.
    Norway, too, will abstain from this particular issue, as only the above course of action is supported by Norway.
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    [ooc] Would people be more inclined to support this if I edited it to add a request for a second election? [/ooc]
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    Brazil invites all nations to vote on this resolution.

    PLEASE NOTE:

    The resolution has been amended to include a call for a second election.
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    Why call for another election if the UN, USA, EU and AU supports Ouattara?
    Nigeria believes that he won and will not support calls for a re-election
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    (Original post by jakemittle)
    Why call for another election if the UN, USA, EU and AU supports Ouattara?
    Nigeria believes that he won and will not support calls for a re-election
    Brazil, whilst agreeing with the Nigerian representative that Mr Ouattara was the rightful victor, believes that given that the current solution is so volatile, and with a significant sector of the population still supporting Mr Gbagbo, that unilaterally reversing the decision of the Constitutional Court, whilst desirable, is likely to act as a precursor to further violent conflict. Brazil therefore believes that a second election has the greatest chance of producing a peaceful outcome to the current crisis, that can be accepted by the greatest number of parties.
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Brazil, whilst agreeing with the Nigerian representative that Mr Ouattara was the rightful victor, believes that given that the current solution is so volatile, and with a significant sector of the population still supporting Mr Gbagbo, that unilaterally reversing the decision of the Constitutional Court, whilst desirable, is likely to act as a precursor to further violent conflict. Brazil therefore believes that a second election has the greatest chance of producing a peaceful outcome to the current crisis, that can be accepted by the greatest number of parties.
    What happens if Ouattara wins again? Does Brasil honestly believe that Gbagbo will cease power so easily? Nigeria will like to point Brasil to what happened in Zimbabwe.
    Calling for second elections will not work. The first result must stand.
    Also, if the Gbagbo was to win, it would harm international relations as states may be less willing to deal with someone who they do not consider president. This will indirectly affect the people of Ivory Coast.
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    (Original post by jakemittle)
    What happens if Ouattara wins again? Does Brasil honestly believe that Gbagbo will cease power so easily? Nigeria will like to point Brasil to what happened in Zimbabwe.
    Calling for second elections will not work. The first result must stand.
    Also, if the Gbagbo was to win, it would harm international relations as states may be less willing to deal with someone who they do not consider president. This will indirectly affect the people of Ivory Coast.
    Brazil believes that a second election would increase the pressure on Mr Gbagbo to resign from his position, and perhaps erode the support for him amongst the military.
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Brazil believes that a second election would increase the pressure on Mr Gbagbo to resign from his position, and perhaps erode the support for him amongst the military.
    Nigeria believes that if this second election was called and Mr Gbagbo won, it would set a dangerous precedent.
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    France supports this resolution as we support Ouattara as the rightful winner of the election.
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    (Original post by jakemittle)
    Nigeria believes that if this second election was called and Mr Gbagbo won, it would set a dangerous precedent.
    Brazil does not believe that if Mr Gbagbo was to win in a second, internationally observed election, there would be negative consequences. If the will of the people was to change, this would have to be respected.
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    Update Gbagbo orders peacekeepers to leave Ivory Coast

    Brazil belives that the UN should stand firm and not bow to pressure from Mr Gabgbo's illegitimate government.
 
 
 
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