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    Can you please help me. I need to know what the ethical and pratical advantages and disadvantages are of participant observation.

    Please help.....
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    Umm.. Advantages:
    First hand data
    Observations produce qualitative data which helps you gain verstehen (empathetic understanding) - favoured by anti-positivits
    It's ethically acceptable (unlike covert observation) - researcher can be open about what they do and why
    It's easier than covert observation, as it's easier to note things down, record conversations etc. whereas during covert observations researcher has to rely on memory

    Disadvantages:
    Observational bias (when observing, you see only what you want to see)
    Time and expense of the research
    Not reliable (cannot be successfuly repeated)
    Data may be misinterpreted by the researcher (e.g. have to decide which observations are significant and which aren't)
    Hawthorne effect - when observed participants, who are aware of the presence of the researcher act in a certain way to give the researcher only the results they want to give)


    Hope I helped =)
 
 
 
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