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    The USA would like to bring this to the attention of the General assembly:

    Referendum could lead to birth of a new country

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    The people of south Sudan are preparing to vote in a referendum that could lead to the birth of a new nation in Africa - or plunge the region back into war.

    Registration for the poll ends today, and millions of southern Sudanese are poised to vote for independence from the government in Khartoum on January 9, 2011.

    "We don't want anything to do with the north of Sudan anymore," 50-year-old Medelini Ontini said, clutching her voting card in one of the dusty registration centres in Juba, the capital of the south.

    "They killed too many of our people."

    The referendum was part of the terms of the 2005 peace deal that ended the 20-year civil war between the mainly Christian south of Sudan and the largely Muslim north.

    Two-and-a-half million people died in the conflict as the government in Khartoum fought to maintain its grip on the oil-producing south.

    Now there are fears that the north will fight again.

    President Omar al Bashir, wanted for war crimes in Darfur by the International Criminal Court, has refused to state whether he will accept the result of the referendum and allow the south its freedom.

    The United States is trying to push through the deal by promising a renewal of diplomatic ties and trade with Khartoum, if the process passes peacefully.

    But still both sides are gathering their forces around the border between north and south Sudan, leading to fears of another devastating civil war.

    The south has barely recovered from the last conflict. Landmines and unexploded ordnance are still claiming lives across the southern states.

    In Loka, 100 miles south of Juba, local women have been trained by Norwegian specialists to clear acres of mined agricultural land.

    On their hands and knees, dressed in flak jackets and visors, they gently probe the earth with metal spikes.

    In terms of land cleared and devices found, the all female de-mining teams have been more successful than the men.

    "We are risking our lives to rescue our country," Opani Mary Phillip, one of the women said. "We need south Sudan to be safe."

    A peaceful transition to statehood would help transform the impoverished region, where 90% of the population of about nine million people still survive on less that 70p a day.

    But peace here is far from guaranteed.


    [ooc] What are your genuine opinions? I think that it is a shame to break up a country, however if it helps to stabilise it then perhaps it is for the best. However it is basically segregation in a way as well since much of the violence is down to religion. [/ooc]
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    In RL I live in the country that can be easily broken up same way. So my hart is with the people of Sudan, and I agree with the representative of USA in their wishes that country stays together, and I would like to see the some kind of agreement made here because there is chance of new war and that should be avoided at all cost.
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    Separation of countries rarely works. EG- Ireland, Korea. But in some cases it does EG Czechoslovakia. However, I think it is more likely to exacerbate the troubles, as the North will want a unified sudan under their control.
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    Wouldn't it be better to try and help the prospective South Sudanese government take power of a unified Sudan? It seems that although there will still be a risk of conflict it will not last as long as if it was divided. The world does not need another Korean War.
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    Brazil supports the referendum taking place in South Sudan, and will further support the separation of the region if this is indicated to be the will of the people. It does not believe that Sudan should be kept united, if this will lead to further violence, simply because of members of the international community are reluctant to divide countries.

    [ooc] Pretty much my view as well. Brazil is very sensible I hope this can reduce the violence. [/ooc]
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    Republic of Albania does not want to interfere into this issue and would also suggest that this decision stays up to people of Sudan only.
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    Iran condemns yet another example of neo-colonialism in the developing world. When will the west understand that it's imperialistic attitude is a disgusting relic of previous centuries? The government of President al-Bashir in Khartoum has our unequivocal support, and we view with great displeasure any attempt such as this 'referendum' to weaken his administration.
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Iran condemns yet another example of neo-colonialism in the developing world. When will the west understand that it's imperialistic attitude is a disgusting relic of previous centuries? The government of President al-Bashir in Khartoum has our unequivocal support, and we view with great displeasure any attempt such as this 'referendum' to weaken his administration.
    Albania asks if Iran will ever stop to classify world by "west" or "east". If they want to emphasize something they should be specific and clearly name those countries
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Iran condemns yet another example of neo-colonialism in the developing world. When will the west understand that it's imperialistic attitude is a disgusting relic of previous centuries? The government of President al-Bashir in Khartoum has our unequivocal support, and we view with great displeasure any attempt such as this 'referendum' to weaken his administration.
    It would be neo-colonial to keep the country together! Sudan didn't exist until the British created it.
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    (Original post by FrozenCamel)
    Albania asks if Iran will ever stop to classify world by "west" or "east". If they want to emphasize something they should be specific and clearly name those countries
    Unfortunately such a list would be too long to repeat each time such an incident takes place. In general however, the nations constituting the NATO 'defensive' alliance are the worst perpetrators.
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    (Original post by FoolishUK)
    It would be neo-colonial to keep the country together! Sudan didn't exist until the British created it.
    Clearly the Little Satan and it's allies are now regretting creating a nation that dares to defy western homogeny, and attempting to destroy it.
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Unfortunately such a list would be too long to repeat each time such an incident takes place. In general however, the nations constituting the NATO 'defensive' alliance are the worst perpetrators.
    Albania kindly asks Iran to avoid that since we would not like to feel "considered" ( as european country and member of NATO)- when such an incident takes place
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    (Original post by FrozenCamel)
    Albania kindly asks Iran to avoid that since we would not like to feel "considered" ( as european country and member of NATO)- when such an incident takes place
    Iran would suggest that, if Albania does not wish to be associated with the actions of other members of the alliance, then it should withdraw. NATO is redundant in any case, with the end of the Cold War
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    The People's Republic of China supports the Sudanese government under President Omar al Bashir.
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    The Republic of Iraq wishes that Sudan will do its best to remain as a unified nation. The Republic of Iraq is a diverse nation, however, it is also unified and hopes that the Sudanese people can learn from the Iraqis.
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    Nigeria believes that it would be better to have a unified Sudan as a split will cause too many problems.
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    (Original post by jakemittle)
    Nigeria believes that it would be better to have a unified Sudan as a split will cause too many problems.
    Brazil belives that the issue should be decided by the will of the people as evidenced in the upcoming referendum. It does not believe that other nations should be making such decisions on their behalf.
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    (Original post by sandys1000)
    Brazil belives that the issue should be decided by the will of the people as evidenced in the upcoming referendum. It does not believe that other nations should be making such decisions on their behalf.
    Nigeria never aimed to make decisions based on their behalf, Nigeria only stated her opinion on the matter
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    New Zealand feels that it's a shame to break up the country and that the UN should do more to help the two sides in coming to a peaceful middle-ground. Plus, we believe that this will just cause more tension if the two were to be separated and we could have an even bigger dispute on our hands.

    Greece supports this and hopes that it brings southern Sudan what they want.
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    Estonia believes that if the differences of the regions are too great, then separation is the right thing to do, so both regions end up with their own democratic wishes. This is how Estonia was created, after all.
 
 
 
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