How to distinguish between amines, amides and nitriles?Watch
I'm struggling to answer a question my chemistry teacher set. He asked us to imagine we had any equipment needed but only the following chemicals to determine which of 3 unknown compounds is the nitrile, amine and amide.
NaOH, H2SO4, Sodium Carbonate, Indicators/Test Papers, Brady's, Tollen's, Triiodoform, Sodium Nitrite
so far I have got:
Amide: add NaOH --> nothing happens --> heat --> test gas with damp red litmus/indicator paper --> blue (due to ammonia given off)
not sure how to test for amines/nitriles as they both seem to do the same things chemically :s
any help is appreciated
No true, but I don't think it's an experiment that will actually be done. Chemical tests should be avoided where ever possible
The same applies to an extend with the iupac nomenclature.