...result of ideological differences between the two communist powers?
I'm struggling. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
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History Essay Help?! How far was the Sino-Soviet split of the late 1960’s the... watch
- Thread Starter
- 22-03-2011 21:45
- 04-04-2011 11:03
To a certain extent... thye Chinese criticised the Soviet's involvement in peaceful co-existence, adventurism (e.g. involvement in 'unnecessary' Western escapades like the Cuban Missile Crisis) and de-Stalinisation (in the sense that by decreasing the role of a military/political figurehead, the Soviets were indirectly offending Mao's internal position in China).
However, it was just as much a geopolitical occurence, the result of realpolitik. The ideological split came at the same time that the Chinese and Soviets were having practical issues affect relations - e.g. the 1969 border skirmish between the two, and the 1964 detonation of China's first nuclear weapon (which therefore made them a superpower in their own right, and so retracted the need for them to ally closely with the USSR). The Breznhev Doctrine (which virtually meant the Soviets assumed the right to take control of satellite states if it threatened their own interests) scared the Chinese into thinking they would be victim to this too - therefore encouraging the split for geopolitical purposes. On the Soviet side, by splitting from the Chinese, their apparent threat level to the US decreased and therefore allowed for the mvoement into detente (which would relieve huge economic pressures on the USSR and decrease military commitments).
So really ideological differences were less important than geopolitical purposes, I would say.