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    (Original post by UnashamedLiberal)
    The Lenin Enrolment was when the Party was massively expanded on the orders of Lenin- I'm not sure when. It might even have been a memorial to him after his death. Stalin controlled who got in, and therefore used it to pull in more supporters. Hope that helps
    Very helpful! Cheers ahaha
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    (Original post by lampshade1)
    Very helpful! Cheers ahaha
    No problem ^.^
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    Now, if someone could just give me a comprehensive breakdown of Stalin's rise to power, then I'd be happy...
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    (Original post by UnashamedLiberal)
    Now, if someone could just give me a comprehensive breakdown of Stalin's rise to power, then I'd be happy...
    I've just finished revising this; so i'll attemp to give a breakdown.

    * Prior to Lenin's death Stalin had many influential positions: General Secretary, member of the Orgburo, Secretariat and the Politburo. These, along with the Lenin enrolment helped him build up a power base, gave him control of the party.

    *Lenin's funeral Stalin tricks Trotsky into not attending, damaging Trotsky's reputation. Stalin paints himself to be Lenin's disciple, through his speech at the funeral and by putting himself in the midst of all the action.

    *Lenin's testament Zinoviev and Kamenev decide not to have Lenin's testament read out at the 13th Party Congress. This was because it wasn't flattering for Zinoviev and Kamenev, as well as it painting Stalin in a bad light. They also underestimated Stalin, and thought that reading the testament out would help Trotsky's case. Trotsky didn't argue against their decision; which is a vital mistake on his part as it helped Stalin avoid what would have been the biggest blow to his chances.

    *Triumvirate formed At the 13th Party Congress (1924), Trotsky criticises party bureaucracy. He makes lots of good speeches at the congress, but is still out voted at the congress because of Stalin's loyal supporters. Trotsky doesn't appeal against this, because he himself had approved the "ban on factions" (1921), and didn't want to divide the party. Stalin is joined by Kamenev and Zinoviev in opposing Trotsky.

    *The Left fight amongst themselves Zinoviev and Kamenev criticise Trotsky (e.g. his criticisms on party bureaucracy). Kamenev writes pamphlet "Lenin or Trotsky". Trotsky criticises Z&K's opposition to Lenin regarding the 1917 revolution in his book "Lessons of October" 1924). Stalin stands by as his enemies ruin each other, and presents himself as the moderate.

    *Disagreements over policy Stalin's "Socialism in one country" supported by the right/ Stalin's power base at the 14th Party Congress. Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev form the Left (or United) opposition opposing "Socialism in one Country"- Trotsky had wanted Permanent revolution. The Left call for rapid industrialisation and a move away from NEP. However, they are defeated because of Stalin's power based. Left opposition removed from their positions in party organisations - Zinoviev and Kamenev remain in the party but are virtually silenced. Trotsky is sent into internal exile, then exiled abroad 1929. The Left Opposition do try and organise marches in Moscow, but for this they were accused of factionalism.

    *Stalin abandons the right Stalin no longer needs the right; they have served their purpose in helping him defeat the left. So, Stalin abandons his previous approach to policy which accepted a slow move away from NEP and commits himself to rapid industrialisation. Bukharin, leader of the right does try and muster some defence of NEP, but he too is outvoted at the 1929 Congress. The leaders of the right are expelled from party bodies.

    So, by 1929 after abandoning the right and commiting himself to the policies he has previously denounced the left for adopting, Stalin is leader of the USSR.



    I hope that makes sense/ is right.
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    (Original post by Ayeshaa:))
    I've just finished revising this; so i'll attemp to give a breakdown.

    * Prior to Lenin's death Stalin had many influential positions: General Secretary, member of the Orgburo, Secretariat and the Politburo. These, along with the Lenin enrolment helped him build up a power base, gave him control of the party.

    *Lenin's funeral Stalin tricks Trotsky into not attending, damaging Trotsky's reputation. Stalin paints himself to be Lenin's disciple, through his speech at the funeral and by putting himself in the midst of all the action.

    *Lenin's testament Zinoviev and Kamenev decide not to have Lenin's testament read out at the 13th Party Congress. This was because it wasn't flattering for Zinoviev and Kamenev, as well as it painting Stalin in a bad light. They also underestimated Stalin, and thought that reading the testament out would help Trotsky's case. Trotsky didn't argue against their decision; which is a vital mistake on his part as it helped Stalin avoid what would have been the biggest blow to his chances.

    *Triumvirate formed At the 13th Party Congress (1924), Trotsky criticises party bureaucracy. He makes lots of good speeches at the congress, but is still out voted at the congress because of Stalin's loyal supporters. Trotsky doesn't appeal against this, because he himself had approved the "ban on factions" (1921), and didn't want to divide the party. Stalin is joined by Kamenev and Zinoviev in opposing Trotsky.

    *The Left fight amongst themselves Zinoviev and Kamenev criticise Trotsky (e.g. his criticisms on party bureaucracy). Kamenev writes pamphlet "Lenin or Trotsky". Trotsky criticises Z&K's opposition to Lenin regarding the 1917 revolution in his book "Lessons of October" 1924). Stalin stands by as his enemies ruin each other, and presents himself as the moderate.

    *Disagreements over policy Stalin's "Socialism in one country" supported by the right/ Stalin's power base at the 14th Party Congress. Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev form the Left (or United) opposition opposing "Socialism in one Country"- Trotsky had wanted Permanent revolution. The Left call for rapid industrialisation and a move away from NEP. However, they are defeated because of Stalin's power based. Left opposition removed from their positions in party organisations - Zinoviev and Kamenev remain in the party but are virtually silenced. Trotsky is sent into internal exile, then exiled abroad 1929. The Left Opposition do try and organise marches in Moscow, but for this they were accused of factionalism.

    *Stalin abandons the right Stalin no longer needs the right; they have served their purpose in helping him defeat the left. So, Stalin abandons his previous approach to policy which accepted a slow move away from NEP and commits himself to rapid industrialisation. Bukharin, leader of the right does try and muster some defence of NEP, but he too is outvoted at the 1929 Congress. The leaders of the right are expelled from party bodies.

    So, by 1929 after abandoning the right and commiting himself to the policies he has previously denounced the left for adopting, Stalin is leader of the USSR.



    I hope that makes sense/ is right.
    Sounds roughly what I remember. Brilliant, thankyou
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    I just want to say Good Luck to everyone taking the exam tomorrow! I hope your revision has been going better than mine, which is virtually non-existent!
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    (Original post by Ayeshaa:))
    I just want to say Good Luck to everyone taking the exam tomorrow! I hope your revision has been going better than mine, which is virtually non-existent!
    same, I focused so much on my other history exam..I've barely done much for Stalin!! AHH I hope the source question is nice, industrialisation or Terror...
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    (Original post by lampshade1)
    same, I focused so much on my other history exam..I've barely done much for Stalin!! AHH I hope the source question is nice, industrialisation or Terror...
    Samee .. hopefully we've all done well though . How did you find it?
    I've absolutely failed .. i didn't refer to the sources at all for question 1b. I am soo unbelievably annoyed at my self.
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    An interesting point you can thread in is that a lot of political relationships in history are based on clientism - a powerful leader who expected legitimation from his supporters in return to whatever favours he is capable of granting. Stalin played his clientele like a violin, especially in the early years of his ascent to power. He frequently took under his wing those who were in bad odour with the Trotskyite wing, and also build up a network of support among lower ranking Bolsheviks who were, as it were, looking for their big break. And then he'd build up a new powerbase and dispose of the old as soon as the powerbased itself was attempting to define his powers and rulership.
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    (Original post by Ayeshaa:))
    Samee .. hopefully we've all done well though . How did you find it?
    I've absolutely failed .. i didn't refer to the sources at all for question 1b. I am soo unbelievably annoyed at my self.
    Hey, try not to think about that, whats done is done! I bet you did really well on all the others! and you have your other history exam too, don't automatically assume you've failed!!
    xx

    I barely used the sources myself anyway, they didn't really relate very much to what I was talking about, except propaganda :P
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    (Original post by lampshade1)
    Hey, try not to think about that, whats done is done! I bet you did really well on all the others! and you have your other history exam too, don't automatically assume you've failed!!
    xx

    I barely used the sources myself anyway, they didn't really relate very much to what I was talking about, except propaganda :P
    I've been trying not to think about it but its all thats on my mind. Just spend the past few hours crying it off. Hopefully i've done well on the others; cos I know i've lost at least 13 marks in that paper now. I really need a high A in history as well to get an A* next year

    Which other question did you do? They were horrible!!
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    Reasons for Stalin's rise to power:

    His tactics/personality-
    He made Bukharin miss planes to stop him attending meetings
    He misinformed Trosky about Lenin's funeral
    He joined up with other contenders in different periods of time, when they were useful to him
    Portrayed Lenin as a bonapatist dictator
    published the book 'foundations of Leninism" Which was actually his idea of what Leninism was and this was given to lots of young new members - who would then also share his views

    His ideological position
    He changed his ideological position to suit the time and situation e.g at first he didnt support rapid industrialisation but when NEP was seen to be failing he changed his plans to solve the problem. This also appealed to the left side of the party who by this time were leaderless, as he had got rid of Trotsky, Kamanev and Zinoviev

    Weakness of the opposition
    Trotsky was over-confident and his ideologies seemed anti-nationalistic/ anti-peasant
    Bukharin = not a good tactician
    Trotsky was made to look bad by zinoviev and kamanev
    The triumvirate
    Control of party organisation

    Good fortune
    Trotsky was ill for most of this period and refused to make alliances with others so missed meetings etc
    Lenin's testament was not read out in the party congress
    He was undermined as he was just seen as an admin
    He had proletariat roots
    Zinoviev & Kamenev had disagreed with Lenin and played no notable role in the 1917 revolution

    Yes I know, most/all of the above has been mentioned but I just wanted to make more use of my revision notes and not feel it was a waste :P

    Lenin's enrolment programme was in 1920 ...(I think i remember correctly)

    I do edexcel history and my paper wasn't a source one, but I think it'd be great if it was - I think I'd find it easier than my actual source paper.
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    (Original post by Ayeshaa:))
    I've been trying not to think about it but its all thats on my mind. Just spend the past few hours crying it off. Hopefully i've done well on the others; cos I know i've lost at least 13 marks in that paper now. I really need a high A in history as well to get an A* next year

    Which other question did you do? They were horrible!!
    I'm the same with my spanish exam, just got home and cried! aha - can always re-sit :/ not ideal but I'm sure I've failed it.
    Aww, I'm sure you'll have done well, just got to 'get over it' now (easier said than done I know! :P)

    I did agriculture one along with the first five year plan for the B question as I didn't have a clue how to write a 24 mark one of the NEP :P you?
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    Anyone mention Stalin called Lenin's wife a whore?
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    (Original post by goggy)
    Anyone mention Stalin called Lenin's wife a whore?
    I wonder how he felt when his own wife committed suicide!
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    (Original post by lampshade1)
    I'm the same with my spanish exam, just got home and cried! aha - can always re-sit :/ not ideal but I'm sure I've failed it.
    Aww, I'm sure you'll have done well, just got to 'get over it' now (easier said than done I know! :P)

    I did agriculture one along with the first five year plan for the B question as I didn't have a clue how to write a 24 mark one of the NEP :P you?
    I'm trying to get over it .. I'm just slightly over-emotional. & i'm sure you've done well in your Spanish exam

    Same! .. I loved the Trotsky part a question, but couldn't do it because of that NEP question
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    (Original post by Ayeshaa:))
    I'm trying to get over it .. I'm just slightly over-emotional. & i'm sure you've done well in your Spanish exam

    Same! .. I loved the Trotsky part a question, but couldn't do it because of that NEP question
    aha same! it preys on the mind!

    yeah, I wish the B question had also been Stalin's rise to power :P but oh well I hope it was alright! we'll have to see
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    (Original post by lampshade1)
    aha same! it preys on the mind!

    yeah, I wish the B question had also been Stalin's rise to power :P but oh well I hope it was alright! we'll have to see
    I would have loved a question like that. Yep, hopefully the grade boundaries will be low!
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    What did everyone think of the last question part b?
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    (Original post by Ryder112)
    What did everyone think of the last question part b?
    source one ? or one of the others?
 
 
 
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