AS Sociology Pre-Release Material - Gillepsie - G671 - HELP?! Watch

dorkish
Badges: 0
Rep:
?
#1
Report Thread starter 7 years ago
#1
Ok, so I'm hoping to get an A overall for A-Level Sociology, so I decided to resit the AS Unit 1 exam on Exploring Socialisation, Culture and Identity.
I've literally only just been given the pre-release material, which is an absolute joke because the exam is in 2 and a bit weeks...

Anyway, I was just wondering if anyone has got an approved of draft for the Gillespie pre-release? Any help is much appreciated. Plus I'm a bit stuck on which sampling method it uses. I've narrowed it down to two, but I can't figure out which...

Thanks very much!
0
reply
StudentFDot
Badges: 0
Rep:
?
#2
Report 7 years ago
#2
Using the pre-release material and your wider sociological knowledge, explain the use of semi-structured interviews to collect data to investigate attitudes to gender identity.

The aim of Gillsepie’s study was to “examine why individual women choose to remain childfree, and how this might inform broader understanding of gender identity.” As the aim of this study was concerned with trying to find out the attitudes of “individual women” to having children, Gillespie knew that she would need to research the attitudes of women to this aspect of their identity. This meant that she would need to use qualitative research methods in order to accomplish this as these methods allow for the collection of very valid material which will hopefully give her a true insight into a woman’s perception of what constitutes femininity.

Before embarking on her research, Gillespie would have operationalized the key terms in her aims. The reason for operationalizing any potentially problematic terms would be to ensure greater reliability for the study. Researchers attempting to replicate Gillespie’s research would therefore have been exactly clear on what she was trying to achieve. Gillespie would have had to be clear on what she means by “gender identity”. Although the pre-release material (PRM) does not tell us how she operationalized this term, it seems from the nature of her study that she categorized gender identity in terms of traditional normative femininity. This is because bearing and nurturing children is very much an occupation related to concepts of what constitutes traditional or normative femininity.

Gillespie’s sampling frame was 269 women she had originally surveyed at a family planning clinic. From this larger sample she chose a sample of 25 women who had made the choice to remain childfree. The size of her sample was restricted to this number because only 33 women she surveyed responded that they did not want any children and only 25 of these women chose to be interviewed. This perhaps affected the representativeness of Gillespie’s study as the sample size was quite small. In addition to this, although Gillespie took her sample from an “ethnically diverse area” all the women in her sample were white. This might effect the generalisability of her study as it can only be applied to women of a white ethnicity. In order to make the study generalisable to the whole population, and hence make conclusions about the attitudes of modern women to motherhood, Gillespie would have had to select her sample much more meticulously in order to represent the general population of women in the contemporary UK in terms of ethnicity, class and age. We are not told whether the clinic was from a working class or middle class area, for example; studies by sociologists (such as Cater and Coleman) have indicated that social class can be a major determining factor in a woman’s choice of whether and at what age to have a baby. As it was she did, perhaps, manage to ensure some degree of representativeness in terms of age (her sample included women from the 21-50 age-range), but this perhaps tells us that the younger women she surveyed felt that having a child was still an important part of their gender identity and were therefore not relevant to her study.
As I noted above, Gillespie was more concerned with the opinions of individual women to motherhood. To this end she chose to use semi-structured interviews for her primary research method after conducting an initial survey which seemed to have consisted of a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was used solely to identify women who might be able to make a useful contribution to her study. The structured nature of this method would make it very reliable as future sociologists hoping to repeat Gillespie’s research would be able to use the same method to establish a sample with which to work. Although semi-structured interviews are partially reliable because the questions included would be of an open nature, some validity is perhaps sacrificed as Gillespie would have to work within certain limits defined by the questions. The women she questioned might therefore not be able to “open up” to her as much as they might like and she may not be able to elaborate on her questions as much as she might find useful. As the issue of what constitutes gender identity is likely to be very complex and require the interviewer to establish a high level of verstehen with the interviewee, Gillespie’s method may not have been entirely fit for purpose. Gillespie’s study would have perhaps benefited had she used a less reliable and more difficult to repeat method such as unstructured interviews because this would have allowed her to gather more valid information and gain a true picture of the attitude of women in the contemporary UK to motherhood.

The PRM mentions that all but two of the respondents were interviewed in their own homes. This would probably contribute to the validity of Gillespie’s findings because the interviewees would presumably have felt more comfortable in a familiar environment meaning that Gillespie could establish a higher level of verstehen with her sample. However, although Gillespie’s results may have been valid as far as the sample she has selected are concerned, as noted above- the generalisability of the results is questionable. All but 1 member of her sample was “economically active”. This has important implications for the generalisability of the results because these women may have already held ideas of femininity which were counter to those of traditional normative femininity. In other words, Gillespie may have allowed her own values to cloud her research and been guilty of interviewer bias. Gillespie might have also included more economically inactive women in her sample who were married and asked them their views on motherhood in order to gain valid results less open to a biased interpretation.

In conclusion, given the fact that Gillespie’s aim was to research the reasons why some women choose to remain childfree, she can claim to have been successful in her aims. However, as a piece of sociological research which informs us about the attitudes of women in the contemporary UK to motherhood and other aspects of normative femininity, Gillespie’s research is far less useful,
2
reply
maidment123
Badges: 0
Rep:
?
#3
Report 7 years ago
#3
[QUOTE=dorkish;31214167]Ok, so I'm hoping to get an A overall for A-Level Sociology, so

I have lost my copy of the pre release and my exam is tomorrow is there anyway you can send me a copy. It would be much appreciated.
0
reply
dorkish
Badges: 0
Rep:
?
#4
Report Thread starter 7 years ago
#4
[QUOTE=maidment123;31507056]
(Original post by dorkish)
Ok, so I'm hoping to get an A overall for A-Level Sociology, so

I have lost my copy of the pre release and my exam is tomorrow is there anyway you can send me a copy. It would be much appreciated.
Eeek! I havent got an electronic form no. There has got to be one online somewhere surely?
0
reply
X

Quick Reply

Attached files
Write a reply...
Reply
new posts
Latest
My Feed

See more of what you like on
The Student Room

You can personalise what you see on TSR. Tell us a little about yourself to get started.

Personalise

University open days

  • Cranfield University
    Cranfield Forensic MSc Programme Open Day Postgraduate
    Thu, 25 Apr '19
  • University of the Arts London
    Open day: MA Footwear and MA Fashion Artefact Postgraduate
    Thu, 25 Apr '19
  • Cardiff Metropolitan University
    Undergraduate Open Day - Llandaff Campus Undergraduate
    Sat, 27 Apr '19

Have you registered to vote?

Yes! (432)
37.47%
No - but I will (88)
7.63%
No - I don't want to (79)
6.85%
No - I can't vote (<18, not in UK, etc) (554)
48.05%

Watched Threads

View All