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    I imagine any book on Roman Britain will have some information on what happened when the Roman's left.

    People might be more inclined to help if you wrote down some of the things you already know.
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    Not a lot, really, in the big scheme of things. That's all I'll say. Look it up. Use more than one source.
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    the romans did what ever one does when they withdraw, they blew their load on her face.
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    The Romans left because they was busy defencing Rome from the Barbarians from Germany and Asia such as Attila the Hun. So the Britons were left to defend England by theirselves. There were still Romans there as they settled there but the Britons had to defend themselves from the Picts from modern-day Scotland.

    The leader of the Britons, Vortigern was fed up of this so asked the Saxons from Germany to beat back the Picts. They defeated the Picts but the Saxons led by Hengest and Horsa, wanted a large amount of land as payment for beating the Picts.

    The Saxons took over Britain by locking Vortigern in an prison, and named areas in England such as Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Essex.

    Hoped this helped you, if you want more info add me as an friend.
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    They left because britain wasn't a particularly profitable region and the western roman empire couldn't afford to keep such a large border.

    However, I think the region remained very much roman for a long period of time after. The roman way of life worked very well and I don't think people just abandoned that way of life simply because they no longer payed taxes to the Emperor. I think the deromanization of britain was not a sudden process. The Roman Empire didn't collapse in a particularly spectacular way though, it transitioned gradually over the centuries. The roman empire in 410 was nothing like the empire in 79 for instance and it's not even easy to say when the W. Roman Empire finally died. The deposition of Romulus Augustus in 479 wasn't a particularly remarkable event in most contemporaries eyes', despite people often considering it the death of the classical world.
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    The Roman withdrawal from Brittania was hugely catastrophic for the Romano British people. This is a really interesting period in Britains history and one of the most significant events that helped shaped modern Britain
    • Roman occupation of Britain
    • Roman abandonment of Britain
    • Night of the long Knives
    • Viking Invasion and occupation
    • Saxon fight back under Alfred the Great
    • Norman Invasion of 1066


    Roman troops were pulled from the island by Emperor Honorius to help protect the continental provinces against large numbers of germanic migrants. This left a power vacuum and in turn resulted in northern forts along Hadrians Wall as well as major population centres being completed undefended. Pictish tribes from Scotland who, after being held back by the Romans, now started to raid what is now northern england slowly pushing South

    The Romano British settlers had no means of defence and were poor fighters. One King by the name of VORTIGERN hired mercenaries from northern france. Saxons, Angles and Jutes were paid to fight off the picts. 3 boat full of warriors soon arrived on british shores and sure enough, beat the picts back.

    Vortigern paid tribute to the warriors by offering large rewards. During a great feast one of the saxon kings (there were two brother's on the throne), agreed to trade his daughter for the entire county of kent.
    Apparently his daughter was very attractive and Vortigern was well known for his lust of young women. So began the saxon migration of families to the south east of England.

    Soon the Saxons exploited their military advantage over the Romano British and started raiding their lands and commiting attrocities to gain more territory. After many years of fighting a truce was agreed. A meeting was called and to take place at Stonehenge where all the Romano British leaders and Saxon counterparts met. Both parties agreed to come unarmed. After a long night of talks and much drinking the saxons pulled out long knives hidden in their boots and slaughtered the roman leadership.

    With no leadership amongst the romano british, resistance soon became disorganised. The saxons pushed them west and finally into Wales, Cornwall and north western pockets near modern manchester

    The saxons called the Romano British 'welsh' which is the saxon word for stranger, hence where the name Wales came from.

    It was during this period that the leader of the roman or welsh forces Ambrosius Aurelianus staged a valiant defence against the saxons giving birth to the legend of King Arthur.

    Fascinating period - I could write so much on it - but dont have time.

    In a nutshell -
    Roman withdrawal led to the erosion of roman culture on the island.
    Natives living under roman rule quickly reverted back to their old 'barbarian ways'
    It allowed the Saxons to get a foot hold and eventually carve out a nation of loose alliances. This in turn led to the divide in southern Britannia beween the english and welsh.

    The saxons were a brutal people who came so close to their goal of exterminating the Welsh. Before they could finish the Job they were soon to be met with an enemy even more efficient at murder and pillage than themselves - The vikings. Were it not for the VIking invasions it seems rather likely that Wales would not exist today.
 
 
 
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