Sociology: Marxism - ideological state apparatusWatch
We were doing Marxism in class last week, and I get most of it apart from this:
"Each institution performs functions for the maintenance of Capitalist society - but not necessary for the individual. Institutions of the superstructure are part of the Ideological state apparatus - maintain the state ideologically (legitimation.)"
I sort of get what it means, but can someone explain to me, and if they can give reference to the family, what an ideological state apparatus is?
e.g religion, we believe abortion is wrong, the mass media- the nuclear family
Repressive State Apparatus control the population through force - these would include institutions such as the army and police
Ideological State Apparatus control through coercion, or manipulating the way people think - and would include institutions such as education, religion, media and family
(so the question is technically wrong, some institutions are ideological - others are repressive).
In terms of the family, think about the values and norms it transmits - behave yourself, respect your elders, work hard, etc. You might also point to the way it keeps the proletariat dependent on their employers; they can't revolt as they are reliant on cash-wages to support their family.
See also Marxist-Feminism.
I think I get it, I'll ask my teacher tomorrow if I don't by the end of tomorrow's lesson. Peacey - just registering for your site
What username have you used? I'll upgrade you to a full account
All other institutions like religion, family, education, media are less important and called the 'superstructure' and their only purpose really is the make capitalism seem legitimate. In the family people are brought up and socialised into thinking work is good, and being deviant is bad, etc...
The family is our source of primary socialization. now the other institutions such as the media show us ideologies of what is wrong and right in terms of the family. So our parents are influenced on how to bring us up in order to fit into society, such as norms and values.
Can someone give a criticism to the ideological state apparatus theory of reproducing social class and inequality
Plz and thank u