can someone mark my essay Watch

raman1
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Outline some of the reasons why different pupil subcultures exist in schools
One reason why different pupil subcultures exist in schools is a result of negative labelling. Becker (1971) interviewed 60 Chicago high school teachers asking them to explain their view of an ideal student. He found that the teachers emphasised characteristics such as conduct and language before they got to ability. Becker concluded that it was much easier for middle class students to meet this ideal since they are better dressed and spoken than their working class counterparts. Thus, working class children are not going to be perceived as academic which will impact the opportunities available to them in school. Paul Willis (1977) found that working class boys form sub cultures as a response to their limited oppurtunities. This leads to disengagement from education and underachievement.

Hargreaves, Hester and Mellor (1975) conducted overt participant observations and unstructured interviews in two Northern England schools. Results revealed that teachers label students by spectulation (makes assumptions based on for example appearance and enthusiasm), elaboration (teachers test their hypothesis which are confirmed or contradicted) and stabilisation (where teachers hypothesis becomes fixed).
Students may then believe the label internalising it as part of their identity leading to a self fulfilling prophecy. However students can also ‘fight the label’.

Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) told teachers that certain students had been identified as "academic spurters," who had lots of potential for learning and growth. The truth was that the students were chosen randomly, and there should have been no difference in the increase in their IQ relative to the other students' over the course of the year. However, the teachers' expectations for and beliefs about those students induced them to treat them differently, providing better and more feedback, asking them more questions, different sorts of praise, etc. A year later, it was found that the ‘academic spurters’ ended up having a greater IQ increase compared to other students in their class supporting that importance of self fulfilling prophecies.

Sewell (1997) found that teachers tended to be more stricter and controlling of black Caribbean students resulting in more conflicts. Hence, Sewell, found that black carribean students who are disappointed by school turned to anti school subcultures as a protective mechanism and a way of gaining status.

Additionally, Hargreaves (1973) argues that anti school subcultures are formed as a response to negative labelling. Hence they only have low status in the school and wanting to get high status they attach prestige to disruption of lessons.
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Ladyliesel
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I don’t know how many marks this is worth but I think it gets the main points across. There's nothing major wrong. I think you just need to ensure you state that it leads to the subculture in all points. Picky but you have to pretend that the examiner is an idiot and explain everything.

Instead of “However students can also ‘fight the label’”, say something like “this results in the students attempting to fight the label by forming an opposing subculture.”
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JollyGreenAtheist
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Might want to talk about Paul Willis': Learning to Labour, if you're familiar?
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Romerohousecaptain
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(Original post by JollyGreenAtheist)
Might want to talk about Paul Willis': Learning to Labour, if you're familiar?
"Whatcha talkin bout Willis !!?"
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madrid90
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I think it's good, but you lack evaluation marks, or is that not requisit?
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lisaaylesx
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it doesnt need evaluation because it only says outline
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