I've posted this in the main thread for the January exam, but just in case you don't look - these are all the 12 mark questions that have already come up. It's probably more beneficial to confirm what has come up, rather than debate what may come up, as I'm guessing whatever's not on this list is more likely to appear than what is.
January 09: Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of attachment
June 09: Outline and evaluate research into the effects of anxiety on the accuracy of EWT
January 10: Outline and evaluate research into privation
June 10: Outline and evaluate research into institutionalisation
January 11: Outline and evaluate the working memory model
June 11: Outline and evaluate research into the effects of age on the accuracy of EWT
January 12: Describe and evaluate the multi-store model of memory
June 12: Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development
I lay my essays out as follows (I'll use the Working Memory Model as an example):
- Introduction - Basic outline: Who proposed it? (Baddeley and Hitch, 1974) What are its basic details? (Non-unitary, immediate memory, short-term storage of information, active processing, different to MSM) and then a real-world application, for certain memory topics at least (it explains why you can do two things at once in working memory providing they are different tasks involving different aspects of the model - writing and listening to music, but can't do two of the same things at the same time)
- Paragraph 1: A01 - Outline the Central Executive (resource allocation, small capacity) and the Phonological loop (encodes auditory information). Add as much detail as possible. Talk about subdivisions (Baddeley, 1986)
- Paragraph 2: A01 - Outline the Episodic Buffer and the Visuo-Spatial sketchpad. Logie (1995) also proposed a subdivision.
- Paragraph 3: A02 - Evaluate. Empirical evidence for existence of components; Bunge et al (2000), Baddeley (1975a), Baddeley (1975b), Baddeley (1987) etc.
- Paragraph 4: A02 - Evaluate. Physiological evidence from brain damaged patients. Also say it has been beneficial in helping to diagnose Schizophrenia (Park et al, 1999). Also perhaps make a comparison with MSM
- Paragraph 5: A02 - Evaluate. Notion of Central Executive is vague
- Paragraph 6: A02 - Evaluate. Methodological limitations - evidence from brain-damaged patients doesn't allow before/after comparisons, for instance.
That's basically how I set most essays out, although there is always some deviation. Sometimes it's easier to just go A01 then A02 periodically throughout your essay. That way works just as well and is probably more sophisticated, but we've been told it's a bit more difficult for the examiner. The introduction will go to A01 for most essays you do. Most of the time, just make a point and give evidence from a case study. Our teacher has told us not to worry too much about structure for these Psychology essays - as long as you get the points down, you'll be given the corresponding marks. Just practice, practice, practice. I hope that helps a bit!