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POSITION PAPER - The current state of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program Watch

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    A new position paper from the representative for the IAEA:

    The current state of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program

    The current state of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program

    Submitted by: Qwertish, on behalf of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)


    Date: 5th January 2013

    The IAEA to like to draw to the General Assembly’s (GA) attention the current state of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s (Iran) Nuclear Program. In particular, we would like to update the GA on the situation in Iran, as well as the IAEA’s monitoring and diplomatic efforts.

    The Board Report of 16th November 2012 (GOV/2012/55):
    http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Board/2012/gov2012-55.pdf

    Regarding the lack of “concrete results” [B.4] being achieved and other unresolved issues laid out in Section B: A new round of talks was held with the IAEA Director General on 13 Dec 2012, where much progress was made on the “structured approach to resolving outstanding issues related to possible military dimensions” [B.4]. Further talks will be held on 16 Jan 2013, where we expect the text to be finalized. The structured approach should include IAEA access to the Parchin site, which has hitherto been limited-to-none.
    http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/mediaadvisory/2012/ma201218.html

    Regarding the failure of Iran to “suspend its enrichment related activities” [D.8], as laid out in Section D.8: Whilst Iran has not suspended these activities (as demanded by the Security Council), they are now under IAEA safeguards and subject to IAEA inspection at all of the facilities we have been given access to.

    Regarding reprocessing activities, which Iran is obliged to suspend [E.27], as laid out in Section E: After inspection and testing on 11 and 12 Nov 2012, the IAEA can confirm that there are no current, ongoing reprocessing activities. We continue to monitor this.
    Regarding the failure of Iran to suspend heavy water related projects [F.28], as laid out in Section F: Iran has not suspended work on all heavy water related projects, including work on the IR-40 Reactor at Arak. The project is, however, now under IAEA safeguards.

    Regarding the possible military dimensions, as laid out in Section H: Since 2002, the IAEA has become increasingly concerned about the possible existence of undisclosed nuclear activities in Iran, which could potentially include military organizations. The information presented in the Annex to GOV/2011/65, which indicates strongly that Iran has carried out activities that are relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device, has been assessed by the IAEA to be credible. Although these activities ceased in a structured manner following 2003, we believe some may still be ongoing.

    Multinational Talks with Iran
    Iran has agreed to hold talks with the United States of America, the Russian Federation, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, and China. The talks will take place sometime this month.
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/iran-nuclear-talks-with-six-world-powers-to-be-held-in-january-1.491922

    In conclusion, the IAEA would like to urge the GA not to forget about the situation in Iran. It is an ever-changing situation that should be monitored closely by all relevant parties.


    (Original post by Qwertish)
    QFA
    (Original post by Kiss)
    USA
    (Original post by cl_steele)
    UK
    (Original post by tehFrance)
    Russia
    (Original post by JPKC)
    France
    (Original post by SunderX)
    China
    (Original post by Pogiberto)
    Iran
    (Original post by Moleman1996)
    Germany
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    I would like to inform everyone that the EU is mandated by the SC to lead negotiations. P5+1 or in Europe, we call it the E3+3 talks.

    That is the 5 Permanent Members and Germany
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    The US remains critical of any Iranian movements in the field of nuclear technology and remain wary of the threat they pose. We await the due talks and hope a productive outcome can be met in ending Iran's desire for nuclear weaponery.
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    China supports the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons but supports the rights of states to seek the peaceful use of nuclear technology. We will be monitoring the talks and hope that the moderation of all parties will result in a fruitful outcome for all.
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    (Original post by Kiss)
    The US remains critical of any Iranian movements in the field of nuclear technology and remain wary of the threat they pose. We await the due talks and hope a productive outcome can be met in ending Iran's desire for nuclear weaponery.
    The IAEA acknowledges the USA's concerns regarding nuclear weapons in Iran, and would like to say that their concerns are not unfounded. We continue to monitor the situation closely, and will provide the GA with further reports as necessary.

    (Original post by SunderX)
    China supports the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons but supports the rights of states to seek the peaceful use of nuclear technology. We will be monitoring the talks and hope that the moderation of all parties will result in a fruitful outcome for all.
    The IAEA appreciates the support of China in this matter.
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    The Islamic Republic of Iran vehemently denies that it is developing nuclear bombs, as the nuclear program is being developed for strictly peaceful purposes only. We believe this to be a smear campaign imposed by America and its allies, and we will refuse to budge from our positon. The Islamic Republic of Iran completely concurs with China's position, and we are looking forward to the talks later this month.
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    (Original post by Pogiberto)
    The Islamic Republic of Iran vehemently denies that it is developing nuclear bombs, as the nuclear program is being developed for strictly peaceful purposes only. We believe this to be a smear campaign imposed by America and its allies, and we will refuse to budge from our positon. The Islamic Republic of Iran completely concurs with China's position, and we are looking forward to the talks later this month.
    US and co-operative Israeli intelligence suggests otherwise; we warn Iran of the consequences of their frequently aggressive attempts to aquire nuclear weapons.
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    (Original post by Pogiberto)
    The Islamic Republic of Iran vehemently denies that it is developing nuclear bombs, as the nuclear program is being developed for strictly peaceful purposes only. We believe this to be a smear campaign imposed by America and its allies, and we will refuse to budge from our positon. The Islamic Republic of Iran completely concurs with China's position, and we are looking forward to the talks later this month.
    If this is the case, and Iran truly has nothing to hide, the IAEA calls upon Iran to provide us with full, unrestricted access to all of its nuclear facilities. We look forward to finalising the structured approach, and hope it will result in more transparency from everyone involved.
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    (Original post by Kiss)
    US and co-operative Israeli intelligence suggests otherwise; we warn Iran of the consequences of their frequently aggressive attempts to aquire nuclear weapons.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran suggests America and its cronies stay out of other nations affairs, as we have evidence of American and Israeli agents operating inside of our nation. Israeli agents have murdered our brave and courageous scientists, as the Islamic Republic of Iran would like to remind America.


    The Islamic Republic of Iran would also like to thank, belatedly, America for its "gift" of a selection of UAV drones. It was much appreciated.
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    (Original post by Qwertish)
    If this is the case, and Iran truly has nothing to hide, the IAEA calls upon Iran to provide us with full, unrestricted access to all of its nuclear facilities. We look forward to finalising the structured approach, and hope it will result in more transparency from everyone involved.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran will be not be allowing the IAEA any further access, as it will harm our status in the NPT (Treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons).
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    (Original post by Pogiberto)
    The Islamic Republic of Iran will be not be allowing the IAEA any further access, as it will harm our status in the NPT (Treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons).
    The IAEA fails to see how increasing the transparency of the Islamic Republic of Iran's nuclear program will harm its status in the NPT, particularly since Article III requires cooperation with the IAEA, and requests clarification on this point.
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    Sweden is pleased to see Iran being closely scrutinised, and hopes to become further assured of Iranian compliance to international expectations in regards to safe nuclear activity. Sweden remains somewhat sceptical towards Iran's questionable governmental ideology that unfortunately would seem to warrant the prohibitions and inspection requirements demanded of it.
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    (Original post by Qwertish)
    The IAEA fails to see how increasing the transparency of the Islamic Republic of Iran's nuclear program will harm its status in the NPT, particularly since Article III requires cooperation with the IAEA, and requests clarification on this point.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran fears that all of the effort and commitment into the NPT will be undone by the IAEA continual intransigence towards fully embracing the Islamic Republic of Iran's nuclear program.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran has allowed the IAEA to visit the Iranian facilities twice since 2005, with the IAEA finding nothing suspicious about the facilities.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran does however believe that dialogue with the IAEA needs to be constant, and is looking forward to meet the IAEA officials on January 16th.
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    Argentina commends the IAEA on a thorough position paper.
    On the topic of Iran itself, Argentina is looking to build relations with Iran however there is much opposition because of an attack on a Jewish community center eighteen years ago in Buenos Aires. It is believed the attack was concieved in Iran. Because of this many in the Jewish community are wary about ties with Iran. Nevertheless it is something Argentina is considering.
    On the topic of Argentina's position on Iran's Nuclear programme, our stance is the following:

    "Argentina has been broadly supportive of West-backed efforts to ensure that Iran is not clandestinely developing a nuclear weapon, with Buenos Aires voting in favor of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1694 (June 2006), which demanded Iran suspend its nuclear enrichment and adhere to International Atomic Energy Agency guidelines.[1] Argentine Deputy Foreign Minister Roberto Garcia Moritan explained the vote saying that, "all countries must subject their nuclear facilities to IAEA monitoring and comply with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty."[2] Argentina has stated that it supports every country’s right to peaceful nuclear technology, as long as it complies with IAEA requirements.

    Despite Argentina’s current objections to Iran’s nuclear program, in the 1980s and 1990s the country supplied Iran with nuclear materials, disregarding Washington’s protestations. During this time, Argentina modified an Iranian reactor so that it could utilize lower-enriched (20%) uranium and provided the Islamic Republic with 120 kilograms of fuel.[3] In 1992, interaction in the nuclear sector was disrupted when the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires suffered a deadly terrorist attack, which the Argentine government later blamed on Iranian-backed Hezbollah.[4] Although the attack did little to foster bilateral relations between Argentina and Iran, the two countries continued to negotiate trade deals. Ties between the two countries were effectively frozen, however, after a Jewish community center in the Argentine capital was bombed on July 18, 1994, leaving 85 dead. [5] The Argentina accused Iran of more directly supporting this attack and issued arrest warrants for several Iranian officials.[6] Since 1994, Argentina has been an outspoken critic of Iran’s nuclear program and all nuclear materials trade between the two countries has ceased.[7]

    Despite the negative tenor of relations with Argentina over the past decade and a half, Iran has nevertheless floated the idea of accepting nuclear fuel once again from the South American country. On November 2, 2009, the Iranian government noted in a statement to the IAEA that Tehran is “interested in buying [nuclear fuel] from any supplier, including Argentina." Argentina has thus far been unreceptive to the Iranian suggestion"
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    (Original post by miser)
    Sweden is pleased to see Iran being closely scrutinised, and hopes to become further assured of Iranian compliance to international expectations in regards to safe nuclear activity. Sweden remains somewhat sceptical towards Iran's questionable governmental ideology that unfortunately would seem to warrant the prohibitions and inspection requirements demanded of it.
    The IAEA appreciates Sweden's full support in the matter, and will endeavour to keep the GA fully informed of further developments.


    (Original post by Pogiberto)
    The Islamic Republic of Iran fears that all of the effort and commitment into the NPT will be undone by the IAEA continual intransigence towards fully embracing the Islamic Republic of Iran's nuclear program.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran has allowed the IAEA to visit the Iranian facilities twice since 2005, with the IAEA finding nothing suspicious about the facilities.

    The Islamic Republic of Iran does however believe that dialogue with the IAEA needs to be constant, and is looking forward to meet the IAEA officials on January 16th.
    The IAEA would like to remind Iran that it has yet to be given full access to many Iranian sites, and, as such, cannot be sure of the intentions of Iran's nuclear program. We would also like to state that, given our mission to verify that NPT states comply with the treaty, and to ensure that nuclear power is used for peaceful purposes, it would be improper for the IAEA to compromise with Iran on this matter.


    (Original post by thunder_chunky)
    Argentina commends the IAEA on a thorough position paper.
    On the topic of Iran itself, Argentina is looking to build relations with Iran however there is much opposition because of an attack on a Jewish community center eighteen years ago in Buenos Aires. It is believed the attack was concieved in Iran. Because of this many in the Jewish community are wary about ties with Iran. Nevertheless it is something Argentina is considering.
    On the topic of Argentina's position on Iran's Nuclear programme, our stance is the following:
    The IAEA thanks Argentina for its commendation of the Paper, and appreciates its long standing support on the matter. We hope that Argentina will not provide Iran with nuclear material that may be used for non-peaceful purposes.
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      The Russian Federation acknowledges the position paper however we know Iran are not looking for nuclear weapons but nuclear power for peaceful civilian purposes. We shall attend the talks.

      ------

      The Kingdom of Spain urges Iran to reconsider their position and halt all nuclear programmes for the end will not be to their liking.
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      Both Australia and Tuvalu are vehemently opposed to all nuclear weapons, and hope that these talks are fruitful, and that a safer world will be a step closer following them.
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      (Original post by tehFrance)
      The Russian Federation acknowledges the position paper however we know Iran are not looking for nuclear weapons but nuclear power for peaceful civilian purposes. We shall attend the talks.
      The IAEA calls upon Russia to bring forward any evidence it has that dispels any further uncertainty lingering over the nuclear program of Iran, either now or in the upcoming talks. This will hopefully bring a more swift end to the situation.
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        (Original post by Qwertish)
        The IAEA calls upon Russia to bring forward any evidence it has that dispels any further uncertainty lingering over the nuclear program of Iran, either now or in the upcoming talks. This will hopefully bring a more swift end to the situation.
        Unfortunately all information is classified and cannot be handed out without strict checks.
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        (Original post by tehFrance)
        Unfortunately all information is classified and cannot be handed out without strict checks.
        The IAEA understands Russia's hesitance, and hope it can go through the necessary checks by the time of the upcoming talks.
       
       
       
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