Alex-Torres
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Hi,

Is anyone doing this course? I'd like to share and compare notes with someone (Luther, Calvin etc) . Equally, with the Struggle for Supremacy course.
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calla_lily
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Doing exactly the same units as you!! What are you struggling with? Personally, I find European history much easier than the British bit, but I think that might be largely down to our british history teacher being, lets say, a bit rubbish!
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Mod Calm
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What part of it are you struggling with?
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Alex-Torres
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(Original post by calla_lily)
Doing exactly the same units as you!! What are you struggling with? Personally, I find European history much easier than the British bit, but I think that might be largely down to our british history teacher being, lets say, a bit rubbish!
(Original post by Mod Calm)
What part of it are you struggling with?
Oh wow, I've never found anyone doing these courses! I struggle with the 12 markers on the European side, they all seem a bit random. For the 12 marker, my teacher tells me to write about 5 reasons, and one of the questions asked "Why did Frederick the Wise protect Luther"...


It's also a bit annoying as there aren't any revision guides
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Mod Calm
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(Original post by Alex-Torres)
Oh wow, I've never found anyone doing these courses! I struggle with the 12 markers on the European side, they all seem a bit random. For the 12 marker, my teacher tells me to write about 5 reasons, and one of the questions asked "Why did Frederick the Wise protect Luther"...


It's also a bit annoying as there aren't any revision guides
With regard to your question "Why did Frederick the Wise protect Luther" ... What reasons are you thinking about at the moment? Also, I'd define him as 'the Elector of Saxony' and situate him in the political context of the Holy Roman Empire. That might make it easier for you to think about the significance of his actions and also give you a clue as to his motivations.

P.s. Nice profile picture of Calvin, haha. Very appropriate.
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Alex-Torres
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(Original post by Mod Calm)
With regard to your question "Why did Frederick the Wise protect Luther" ... What reasons are you thinking about at the moment? Also, I'd define him as 'the Elector of Saxony' and situate him in the political context of the Holy Roman Empire. That might make it easier for you to think about the significance of his actions and also give you a clue as to his motivations.

P.s. Nice profile picture of Calvin, haha. Very appropriate.
Well Ive thought:
1.) To protct Frederick's 17000 holy relics, because Luther publicised him.
2.) Luther publically made his University famous, the University of Wittenburg
3.) Duke George was against Luther, and as a brother, they were in fierce competition

Yeh, Calvin's ace
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calla_lily
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(Original post by Alex-Torres)
Oh wow, I've never found anyone doing these courses! I struggle with the 12 markers on the European side, they all seem a bit random. For the 12 marker, my teacher tells me to write about 5 reasons, and one of the questions asked "Why did Frederick the Wise protect Luther"...


It's also a bit annoying as there aren't any revision guides
Don't you think 5 reasons seems a bit much for a 12 mark question?? I suppose you could but our teacher tells us to write about 3 reasons for the 12 marks question as a guide unless we can think of more with a good conclusion and a very short introduction. You must remember that in the exam you have about 10/15 minuted for this question so you won't have the time to write very much. A page at most really (depending on the size of your writing! )

Loving the picture of Calvin!! We are studying him at the moment!!
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Alex-Torres
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(Original post by lisa96)
What grade did u get in this exam? I'm currently studying this unit Do you have any tips on how to do well?
I learnt the whole textbook and got a C!!! I wouldn't know what to suggest sorry, probably read around your subject.
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Alex-Torres
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(Original post by lisa96)
Which exam did you find easier?
I got a B in the English History and a C in the German - I revised equally for both.
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calla_lily
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(Original post by lisa96)
Hi what grades did u get in both units? Do you have any tips on how to do well ? Thanks
I mainly used the textbook, did some past papers and got high As in both my papers, very close to full marks. As for tips, make sure you know the dates everything happened, the reasons why and the implications. I'm sure from gcse you've done something along the lines of PEE so just continue along this lines and never use the phrase 'I think'!!
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calla_lily
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(Original post by lisa96)
How was the timing for this exam?
Yeah its fine. Of course you're always pushed for time in every exam, but its manageable. A short bullet point plan is good. I'd never actually practised a whole paper for either exam but spend about 12 minutes on the 12 mark question and 24 minutes on the 24 mark question, it worked fine for me! Remember 1 mark per minute and you can't go wrong!! The source question on the British paper you can spend a bit more time on because that paper in 1h 30m. I wouldn't worry, once you've been through the course, you'll wonder what you were even worrying about at the beginning!!
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Ritterschaft
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laeffy
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Here are my notes on the radicals for 'share and compare' or whatever:

Fairly confident about the course. For all those revising, the AQA book alone is not enough, though its better on Reformation than my other paper (Nazi Germany) where it is just pathetic. I can share some more notes if any wants, I would like some stuff on the Counter-Reformation, since that part of the course is horrible and bitty.
Spoiler:
Show
Causes of Radical Reformation:
1 - TheologyMany grew out of the theology of the movements of mainstream reformation through questioningof doctrine and rejection of the Papacy.Drew upon previous Radicalism - Millenarianism (1533 was close to 1500 years from death of Jesus, three comets 1531-1533 seen as significant).Emphasis on individual suffering for faith in the Bible.Importance of indivdual faith and revelation - Inspired by figures such as Eckehart and Tauler in 14th Century. Ideas of power away from the priest (Congregational Autonomy) already popular in more isolated areas.Other believed in imminent arrival of Christ.

2 - Social ReasonsMany saw anabaptism as a movement for social change.Peasants particularly angry at state of affairs in Germany in 1520s - Series of bad harvests, increase in serfdom, lessfreedom and creation of laws such as poaching.Luther rejects social change, and leads many peasants into supporting the radicals by doing this.EG: Muntzer

3 - Progress of the Mainstream ReformationSome were originally part of the mainstream reformation.Broke with it due to dissatisfaction with progress of the mainstream reformation.Others took ideas of mainstream reformers to logical conclusion.EG: Swiss Brethren, Wittenburg Radicals

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Swiss Brethren - Hubmaier, Grebel, Mantz, Hottinger
Start: Extremist opposition to Zwingli in ZurichPractices: Iconoclasm, Anabaptism, Rejection of TaxationResult: Mantz drowned in 1527, Hubmaier burned at the stake later. Followers fled to mountains.Wittenburg Radicals - Carlstadt, Zwickau Prophets (Muntzer)Start: Luther absent in Wartburg Castle between 1521 and 1522.
Practices: Carlstadt allowed Clerical Marriage and Iconoclasm began. Anabaptist and Spiritualist Zwikau Prophets allowed to preach.
Result: Luther restores order. Carlstadt remained a Lutheran but was marginalised by Luther. Zwikau Prophets were expelled. Muntzer begins to preach apocalyptically and leads an army of 8000 peasants to the slaughter in the peasantswar, after which he was executed in 1524 by the authorities.

Moravian Anabaptism - Hubmaier (former Swiss Brethen), Denck, HutStart: Gained support of local authorities.
Practices: Anabaptism, rejection of society
Result: Hut splits movement by his apocalyptic teaching and more extreme teaching. Both Hubmaier and Hut are killed.Moravian brethren formed by Hutter, who was also eventually killed, but due to peacefulness and trading they were acceptedmuch more by wider society than past movements.

North German and Dutch Radicals - Hoffman, Matthys, Beukels
Start: Hoffman preaches apocalyptically in Strasbourg, but flees to Netherlands. Gains large following there.Practices: Apocalyptic, anabaptist, rejection of society
Result: Hoffman arrested upon return to Strabourg in 1533 and dies in prison. His more extreme successors take overMunster in 1534. Siege begins joint with both Protestants and Catholics. 1535 - Beukels becomes leader. Upon this becomeseven more extreme - All had to rebaptise or leave. Instated death penalty for offences such as swearing. Personally took16 wives. In 1535 seigers shown a secret way into city where they massacred population.

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Significance of Munsteriscredited anabaptist movement greatlyMass persecution of anabaptists grows even strongerEnd of apocalyptic movementsOnly successful radicals from this point on were known for being peaceful
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Reasons for Failure of the Radical Reformation:
* Lack of Leadership - Many small and heavily split groups, contrast with Luther/Calvin
* Extremism - Rejection of society, inability to compromise, led to lack of support
* As a result of the above, easily persecuted and crushed by princes
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